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Orang Asia Amerika adalah keturunan Amerika keturunan Asia. Istilah ini merujuk kepada kumpulan panetnik yang merangkumi pelbagai populasi, yang mempunyai asal-usul leluhur di Asia Timur, Asia Selatan, atau Asia Tenggara, seperti yang ditakrifkan oleh Biro Banci Amerika Syarikat.[3] Ini termasuk orang yang menunjukkan perlumbaan mereka pada banci sebagai "Asia" atau penyertaan yang dilaporkan seperti" Cina, Filipina, India, Korea, Jepun, Vietnam, dan Asia Lain".[4] Pada tahun 2017, Asia Amerika terdiri daripada 5.6% penduduk AS; termasuk orang Asia Asia yang pelbagai, peratus itu meningkat kepada 6.9%.

Asia Amerika
Jumlah populasi
22,408,464[1]
6.9% daripada jumlah penduduk A.S. (2017)
Kawasan ramai penduduk
California5,556,592
New York1,579,494
Texas1,110,666
New Jersey795,163
Hawaii780,968
Illinois668,694
Washington604,251
Florida573,083
Virginia522,199
Pennsylvania402,587
Bahasa
Agama
Kristian (42%)
Tidak beragama (26%)
Buddha (14%)
Hindu (10%)
Islam (4%)
Sikh (1%)
Lain-lain (2%) termasuk Jain, Zoroastrian, Shinto, dan agama rakyat Cina (Tao, Tengrisme dan Konfusian)[2]
Kumpulan etnik yang berkaitan
Hispanik Asia dan Amerika Latin

Walaupun pendatang dari Asia telah berada di bahagian Amerika Syarikat kontemporari sejak abad ke-17, imigresen berskala besar tidak bermula sehingga pertengahan abad ke-19. Undang-undang imigresen Nativist pada tahun 1880-an 1920-an mengecualikan pelbagai kumpulan Asia, akhirnya melarang hampir semua imigresen Asia ke benua Amerika Syarikat. Selepas undang-undang imigresen diperbaharui pada tahun 1940-an-60an, memansuhkan kuota asal negara, imigrasi Asia meningkat dengan pesat. Analisis banci 2010 telah menunjukkan bahawa Asia Amerika adalah minoriti kaum atau etnik minoriti yang paling pesat berkembang di Amerika Syarikat.[5]

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ "Asian Alone or in any Combination by Selected Groups". United States Census Bureau. m/s. 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates. Dicapai December 11, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Asian Americans: A Mosaic of Faiths". The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Pew Research Center. July 19, 2012. Dicapai February 15, 2013. Christian 42%, Buddhist 14%, Hindu 10%, Muslim 4%, Sikh 1%, Jain *% Unaffiliated 26%, Don't know/Refused 1% 
  3. ^ Karen R. Humes; Nicholas A. Jones; Roberto R. Ramirez (March 2011). "Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Dicapai January 5, 2012. 
  4. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1 Technical Documentation, 2001, at Appendix B-14. "A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. It includes Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, and Other Asian."
  5. ^ "U.S. Census Show Asians Are Fastest Growing Racial Group". NPR.org. Dicapai 2016-10-26. 

Bacaan lanjutSunting

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    • adapted by Rebecca Stefoff: Raising Cane. The World of Plantation Hawaii, Chelsea House Publishers, New York/Philadelphia 1994, ISBN 0-7910-2178-5.
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Jurnal

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