Biologi dan orientasi seksual

Hubungan antara biologi dan orientasi seksual ialah satu subjek penyelidikan. Walaupun saintis tidak mengetahui punca orientasi seksual, mereka menganggap bahawa gabungan faktor genetik, hormon, dan sosial menentukannya.[1][2][3] Hipotesis untuk kesan persekitaran sosial berkaitan dengan orientasi seksual, bagaimanapun, lemah, terutama untuk lelaki.[4]

Teori biologi untuk menjelaskan punca-punca orientasi seksual diminati oleh para saintis[1] dan melibatkan hubungan antara faktor genetik, persekitaran awal rahim dan struktur otak.[5] Faktor-faktor ini, yang mungkin berkaitan dengan perkembangan orientasi heteroseksual, homoseksual, biseksual, atau aseksual, termasuk gen, hormon pralahir, dan struktur otak.

Lihat juga sunting

Rujukan sunting

  1. ^ a b Frankowski BL; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence (June 2004). "Sexual orientation and adolescents". Pediatrics. 113 (6): 1827–32. doi:10.1542/peds.113.6.1827. PMID 15173519.
  2. ^ Mary Ann Lamanna; Agnes Riedmann; Susan D Stewart (2014). Marriages, Families, and Relationships: Making Choices in a Diverse Society. Cengage Learning. m/s. 82. ISBN 978-1305176898. Dicapai pada February 11, 2016. The reason some individuals develop a gay sexual identity has not been definitively established  – nor do we yet understand the development of heterosexuality. The American Psychological Association (APA) takes the position that a variety of factors impact a person's sexuality. The most recent literature from the APA says that sexual orientation is not a choice that can be changed at will, and that sexual orientation is most likely the result of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive and biological shaped at an early age...[and evidence suggests] biological, including genetic or inborn hormonal factors, play a significant role in a person's sexuality (American Psychological Association 2010).
  3. ^ Gail Wiscarz Stuart (2014). Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. Elsevier Health Sciences. m/s. 502. ISBN 978-0323294126. Dicapai pada February 11, 2016. No conclusive evidence supports any one specific cause of homosexuality; however, most researchers agree that biological and social factors influence the development of sexual orientation.
  4. ^ Bailey JM, Vasey PL, Diamond LM, Breedlove SM, Vilain E, Epprecht M (2016). "Sexual Orientation, Controversy, and Science". Psychological Science in the Public Interest. 17 (21): 45–101. doi:10.1177/1529100616637616. PMID 27113562.
  5. ^ "Submission to the Church of England's Listening Exercise on Human Sexuality". The Royal College of Psychiatrists. Dicapai pada 13 June 2013.