China utara dan selatan

(Dilencongkan dari China Selatan)

China Utara dan China Selatan, ialah dua kawasan mega-rantau di China. Sempadan yang tepat di antara dua rantau ini tidak ditakrifkan dengan tepat. Walau bagaimanapun, persepsi diri terhadap negara China, terutamanya stereotaip serantau, sering dikuasai oleh dua konsep ini, memandangkan perbezaan serantau dalam budaya dan bahasa secara historis memupuk identiti serantau orang Cina yang kukuh.[1]

RujukanSunting

PetikanSunting

  1. ^ Smith, Richard Joseph (1994). China's cultural heritage: the Qing dynasty, 1644–1912 (ed. 2). Westview Press. ISBN 978-0-8133-1347-4.

SumberSunting

  • Brues, Alice Mossie (1977). People and Races. Macmillan series in physical anthropology. New York, NY: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-02-315670-0.
  • Lamprey, J. (1868). "A Contribution to the Ethnology of the Chinese". Transactions of the Ethnological Society of London. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 6: 101–108. doi:10.2307/3014248. JSTOR 3014248.
  • Morgan, Stephen L. (July 2000). "Richer and Taller: Stature and Living Standards in China, 1979–1995". The China Journal. Contemporary China Center, Australian National University. 44 (44): 1–39. doi:10.2307/2667475. JSTOR 2667475.
  • Muensterberger, Warner (1951). "Orality and Dependence: Characteristics of Southern Chinese." In Psychoanalysis and the Social Sciences, (3), ed. Geza Roheim (New York: International Universities Press).

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Ebrey, Patricia Buckley; Liu, Kwang-chang. (1999). The Cambridge Illustrated History of China. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-66991-7 (ch. 4, 5)
  • Lewis, Mark Edwards. (2009). China Between Empires: The Northern and Southern Dynasties. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-02605-6
  • Tu, Jo-fu. (1992). Chinese Surnames and the Genetic Differences Between North and South China. Project on Linguistic Analysis, University of California, Berkeley.