Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

Alcohol thermometer
Mercury-in-glass thermometer (first reliable thermometer)
Fahrenheit scale (first widely used standardized temperature scale)
Fahrenheit hydrometerKerjaya saintifikBidangPhysics (thermometry) TandatanganDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit Signature.svgDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit FRS (//; bahasa Jerman: [ˈfaːʁənhaɪt]; 24 Mei 1686 – 16 September 1736) ialah seorang ahli fizik, pencipta dan pembuat alatan saintifik berbangsa Jerman. Fahrenheit dilahirkan di Danzig/Gdansk dalam Komanwel Poland-Lithuania namun banyak menghabiskan hayatnya di Republik Belanda (1701-1736).

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Fahrenheit small.jpg
Fahrenheit, the originator of the era of precision thermometry.
Kelahiran14 May 1686 (in old British sources as 14 May Old Style)
Meninggal dunia16 September 1736(1736-09-16) (umur 50)
WarganegaraPolish, Dutch
Terkenal keranaPrecision thermometry

Beliau merupakan perintis kepada kaedah mengukur suhu yang tepat (termometri)[1] dengan penciptaan termometer berisi rajsa termometer - yakni termometer pertama yang praktikal dan tepat  - serta skala Fahrenheit iaitu skala suhu seragam yang pertama digunakan).[2]

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ Grigull, Ulrich (1966). Fahrenheit, a Pioneer of Exact Thermometry. (The Proceedings of the 8th International Heat Transfer Conference, San Francisco, 1966, Vol. 1, pp. 9–18.)
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica "Science & Technology: Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit" [1]

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Bolton, Henry Carrington (1900). Evolution of the Thermometer, 1592–1743. Easton, Pennsylvania: The Chemical Publishing Company. halaman 66–79.
  • Fahrenheit, D. G. (1724). "Experimenta circa gradum caloris liquorum nonnullorum ebullientium instituta (Experiments done on the degree of heat of a few boiling liquids)". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 33: 1–3. doi:10.1098/rstl.1724.0002.
  • Fahrenheit, D. G. (1724). "Experimenta et Observationes de Congelatione aquae in vacuo factae". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 33 (381–391): 78–84. doi:10.1098/rstl.1724.0016. (Latin)
  • Templat:NDB
  • Kops, J (1976). "Who was G.D. Fahrenheit?". Zdravotnická pracovnice. 26 (2) (diterbitkan pada Feb 1976). halaman 118–19. PMID 775856. (Czech)
  • Templat:Cite ADB
  • Templat:NDB
  • Middleton, W. E. Knowles (1966). A History of the Thermometer and its Use in Meteorology. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins Press.
  • Sorokina, T S (1986). "Creators of medical thermometry (on the 300th anniversary of the birth of Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit—24 May 1686 and on the 350th anniversary of the death of Santorio Santorio—22 February 1636)". Klinicheskaia meditsina. 64 (10) (diterbitkan pada Oct 1986). halaman 147–51. PMID 3543477. (Russian)
  • Van Der Star, P., penyunting (1984). Fahrenheit's Letters to Leibniz and Boerhaave. Editions Rodopi.

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