Dewan Perniagaan Amerika Syarikat

Dewan Perniagaan Amerika Syarikat (USCC) adalah kumpulan pelobi Amerika yang berorientasikan perniagaan.

Dewan Perniagaan Amerika Syarikat
Kerangka
Jenis/bentuk sahKumpulan advokasi
No. ID cukai53-0045720[1]
Status undang-undang501(c)(6)[1]
FokusAdvokasi perniagaan
KaedahPelobian politik, hubungan awam
Tapak webwww.uschamber.com
Facebook: uschamber Twitter: USChamber Instagram: uschamber LinkedIn: u-s--chamber-of-commerce Pinterest: uschamber Sunting ini di Wikidata
Sejarah
Ditubuhkan22 April 1912; 111 tahun yang lalu (1912-04-22)
PengasasCharles Nagel
Pengurusan
PengerusiTom J. Donohue, Suzanne Clark Sunting ini di Wikidata
PresidenTom J. Donohue
SubsidiariUS Chamber of Commerce Foundation 501(c)(3),
National Chamber Foundation 501(c)(3),
Center for International Private Enterprise 501(c)(3)[1]
Perangkaan
Hasil/pendapatan (2015)$174,119,090[1]
Perbelanjaan (2015)$175,893,100[1]
Kakitangan/pekerja (2015)470[1]
Lokasi
Map
Ibu pejabatU.S. Chamber of Commerce Building Sunting ini di Wikidata
Lokasi
Koordinat38°54′02″N 77°02′16″W / 38.900606°N 77.037671°W / 38.900606; -77.037671Koordinat: 38°54′02″N 77°02′16″W / 38.900606°N 77.037671°W / 38.900606; -77.037671
Kawasan perkhidmatanindustri Amerika Syarikat
sunting · sunting di Wikidata
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Secara politik, Dewan biasanya menyokong calon politik Republikan, walaupun kadang-kadang menyokong Demokrat konservatif.[2][3] Dewan adalah kumpulan lobi terbesar di AS, membelanjakan lebih banyak wang daripada organisasi lobi lain setiap tahun.[4]

Rujukan sunting

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". Chamber of Commerce of the USA. Guidestar. December 31, 2015.
  2. ^ Gold, Matea; Geiger, Kim (8 October 2010). "Republican-leaning U.S. Chamber of Commerce buys ads supporting Democrats". Los Angeles Times.
  3. ^ Verini, James (July/August 2010). "Show Him the Money". Washington Monthly. washingtonmonthly.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-03. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
  4. ^ Allen, Jonathan (2009-10-20). "U.S. Chamber: $34.7 million in lobbying". Politico.

Bacaan lanjut sunting

  • Davis, Cory, "The Political Economy of Commercial Associations: Building the National Board of Trade, 1840-1868," Business History Review, 88 (Winter 2014), 761-83.
  • Heald, Morrell. "Business thought in the twenties: Social responsibility." American Quarterly (1961): 126-139. in JSTOR
  • Lesher, Richard and Dave Scheiber. Voice of Business: The Man Who Transformed the United States Chamber of Commerce (2017), Richard Lesher was president of the US Chamber of Commerce from 1975 to 1997.
  • Werking, Richard Hume. "Bureaucrats, businessmen, and foreign trade: the origins of the United States Chamber of Commerce." Business History Review 52#03 (1978) pp: 321-341.

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