Sebuah arca melambangkan Etos di luar Dewan Undangan Wilayah Ibu Negara Australia di Canberra, Australia

Etos ialah perkataan bahasa Yunani bermaksud "watak" yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan kepercayaan atau cita-cita yang menjadi pedoman yang menggambarkan ciri suatu masyarakat, bangsa, atau ideologi. Orang Yunani juga menggunakan perkataan ini untuk merujuk kepada kuasa muzik mempengaruhi emosi, tingkah laku, dan juga moral.[1] Cerita awal Yunani Orpheus menunjukkan idea ini dalam cara yang mendorong. Penggunaan perkataan ini dalam retorik berasaskan rapat pada peristilahan Yunani yang digunakan oleh Aristotle dalam konsepnya tiga bukti seni atau cara pujukan.

Lihat jugaSunting

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ Weiss, Piero and Taruskin, Richard, "Music in the Western World: A History in Documents" (1984) p. 1

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics (transl. W. D. Ross). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN 0199213615
  • Aristotle. On Rhetoric (Transl. G. A. Kennedy). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN 9780195305098
  • Barthes, Roland.L'Ancienne rhétorique. Communications, Vol. 16, Nr. 1 (1970), Seuil: pp. 172-223
  • Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs Man Cannot Speak for Her: A Critical Study of Early Feminist Rhetoric. Praeger, 1989.
  • Castriota, David. Myth, Ethos, and Actuality: Official Art in Fifth-Century B.C. Athens. London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992.
  • Chiron, Pierre. Aristotle: Rhétorique. Paris: Flammarion, 2007. ISBN 2080711350
  • Fraser, Nancy. "Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of the Actually Existing Democracy." Social Text 25.26 (1990): 56-80.
  • Gandler, Stefan "The quadruple modern Ethos: Critical Theory in the Americas." APA Newsletter on Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy, Newark, DE: American Philosophical Association/University of Delaware, vol. 14, núm. 1, fall 2014, pp. 2-4. ISSN 2155-9708.
  • Garton, C. "Characteristics in Greek Tragedy." The Journal of Hellenic Studies, Vol. 77, Part 2. (1957), pp. 247–254. JSTOR. [1]
  • Garver, Eugene. Aristotle's Rhetoric: An Art of Character. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. ISBN 978-0226284255
  • Givone, Sergio. Eros/Ethos. Turin: Einaudi, 2000. ISBN 978-8806155490
  • Grazia, Margreta. Hamlet without Hamlet. New York, NY: Cambridge, 2007. ISBN 978-0521690362
  • Habermas, Jurgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1991.
  • Halliwell, Stephen. Aristotle's Poetics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0226313948
  • Halloran, S. Michael. "Aristotle's Concept of Ethos, or if not His, Someone Else's." Rhetoric Review, Vol. 1, No. 1. (Sep. 1982), pp. 58–63. JSTOR. [2].
  • Jarratt, Susan, and Nedra Reynolds. "The Splitting Image: Contemporary Feminisms and the Ethics of ethos." Ethos: New Essays in Rhetorical and Critical Theory. Eds. James S. Baumlin and Tita French Baumlin. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1994. 37-63.
  • LeFevre, K.B. Invention as a Social Act. Southern Illinois University Press, 1987.
  • McDonald, Marianne; Walton, J. Michael (eds.). The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Theater. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0521542340
  • Meyer, Michel. La rhétorique. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, coll. «Que sais-je? n° 2133», 2004. ISBN 2-13-053368-X
  • Müller, Jörn. Physics und Ethos: Der Naturbegriff bei Aristoteles und seine Relevanz für die Ethik. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 2006.
  • Höffe, Otfried (ed.). Aristoteles. Poetik. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2009.
  • Hyde, Michael J.; Schrag, Calvin O. (eds.). The Ethos of Rhetoric. Columbia (SC): University of South Carolina, 2004. ISBN 978-1570035388
  • Miller, Arthur B. (1974). "Aristotle on Habit and Character: Implications for the Rhetoric". Communication Monographs. 41 (4): 309–316. doi:10.1080/03637757409375855.
  • Murray, Augustus Taber (1916). "Plot and Character in Greek Tragedy". Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. 47: 51–64. doi:10.2307/282827. JSTOR 282827.
  • Oddo, John. (2014) "The Chief Prosecutor and the Iraqi Regime: Intertextual Ethos and Transitive Chains of Authority." In Intertextuality and the 24-Hour News Cycle: A Day in the Rhetorical Life of Colin Powell's U.N. Address, pp. 45–76. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.
  • Paris, Bernard. Character as a Subversive Force in Shakespeare: the history and Roman plays. London: Associated University Presses Inc, 1991. ISBN 978-0838634295
  • Pittman, Corretta. "Black Women Writers and the Trouble with Ethos: Harriet Jacobs, Billie Holiday, and Sister Souljah." Rhetoric Society Quarterly. 37 (2007): 43-70.
  • Proscurcin Jr., Pedro. Der Begriff Ethos bei Homer. Beitrag zu einer philosophischen Interpretation. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2014. ISBN 978-3-8253-6339-0
  • Rapp, Christof. Aristoteles: Rhetorik. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2002.
  • Reynolds, Nedra (1993). "Ethos as Location: New Sites for Discursive Authority". Rhetoric Review. 11 (2): 325–338. doi:10.1080/07350199309389009. JSTOR 465805.
  • Ronald, Kate. "A Reexamination of Personal and Public Discourse in Classical Rhetoric." Rhetoric Review 9.1 (1990): 36-48.
  • Rorty, Amélie Oksenberg (ed.). Essays on Aristotle's Rhetoric. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0520202283
  • Schmertz, Johanna. "Constructing Essences: Ethos and the Postmodern Subject of Feminism." Rhetoric Review 18.1 (1999): 82-91.
  • Vergnières, Solange. Éthique et Politique chez Aristote: Physis, Êthos, Nomos. Paris: PUF, 1995.
  • Warner, Michael. "Publics and Counterpublics." Public Culture 14.1: 49-90.
  • Woerther, Frédérique. L'èthos aristotélicien. Paris: Librairie Philosophique Vrin, 2007. ISBN 978-2711619177

Pautan luarSunting

  •   Takrifan kamus etos di Wikikamus
  •   Kategori berkenaan Etos di Wikimedia Commons

Templat:Ancient Greek philosophical concepts