Fidel V. Ramos

Presiden Filipina dari 1992 hingga 1998

Fidel "Eddie" Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928), lebih dikenali dengan nama FVR, adalah the 12th Presiden Republik Filipina yang ke 12, berkhidmat dari tahun 1992 hingga tahun 1998. Dalam enam tahun sebagai Presiden Filipina, Ramos terkenal di merata rata dan menjadi pujaan ramai kerana memulihkan ekonomi Filipina.

Fidel V. Ramos
Ramos Pentagon cropped.jpg
Presiden Filipina ke-12
Dalam jawatan
30 Jun 1992 – 30 Jun 1998
Naib PresidenJoseph Estrada
Didahului olehCorazon Aquino
Digantikan olehJoseph Estrada
Setiausaha Pertahanan Negara Filipina
Dalam jawatan
22 Januari 1988 – 18 Julai 1991
PresidenCorazon Aquino
Didahului olehRafael Ileto
Digantikan olehRenato de Villa
Ketua Turus Angkatan Tentera Filipina
Dalam jawatan
1986–1988
Didahului olehFabian Ver
Digantikan olehRenato de Villa
Butiran peribadi
Lahir (1928-03-18) 18 Mac 1928 (umur 92)
Lingayén, Filipina
Parti politikLakas-Kampi-CMD (2009–kini)
Sekutu gabungan
politik lain
Lakas-CMD (1991-2009)
LDP (1991)
PasanganAmelita Martinez Ramos
Alma materMapúa Institute of Technology
University of the Philippines High School
United States Military Academy
Ateneo de Manila University
Silliman University[1]
National Defense College of the Philippines
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
PekerjaanAskar
Jurutera awam
AnugerahPhilippine Legion of Honor

Commander, Legion of Merit
Military Merit Medal
United Nations Service Medal
Vietnam Service Medal
Légion d'honneur
Distinguished Conduct Star (Philippines)
United States Military Academy Distinguished Award
Korean Service Medal
Order of Dato Laila Utama (Brunei)
Commander, Order of Dharma Pratana (Indonesia)
Grand Order of Mugunghwa
Collar, Order of Civil Merit
Honorary Knight Grand Cross, Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Collar, Order of Isabella the Catholic[2]
Order of the Crown of Malaysia
Knight Grand Cordon, Order of the White Elephant
Order of Nishan-I-Pakistan
Collar, Order of Carlos III

Collar, Order of the Merit of Chile
Tandatangan
Perkhidmatan ketenteraan
Nama samaranEddie, FVR
KesetiaanFlag of the Philippines.svg Republik Filipina
Tahun perkhidmatan1951 to 1988
PangkatJeneral
PerkhidmatanPlatoon Leader, 2nd Battalion Combat Team (BCT), Counter-Insurgency against the Communist Hukbalahap, 1951
Infantry Company Commander, 16th BCT, Counter-Insurgency against the Communist Hukbalahap, 1951
Platoon Leader, 20th BCT, Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea, United Nations Command (PEFTOK-UNC), Korean War, 1951-1952
Duty, Personnel Research Group, General Headquarters, Armed Forces of the Philippines, 1952-1954
Senior Aide de Camp to Chief of Staff, Armed Forces of the Philippines, 1958-1960
Associate Infantry Company Officer at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 1960
Founder and Commanding Officer of the elite Special Forces of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, 1962-1965
Chief of Staff of the Philippine Military Contingent-Philippine Civil Action Group to Vietnam (AFP-PHILCAG), Vietnam War, 1965-1968
Presidential Assistant on Military Affairs, 1968-1969
Commander, 3rd Infantry Brigade Philippine Army, 1970
Chief of the Philippine Constabulary, 1970-1986
Command and General Staff of the Philippine Army, 1985
Acting Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, 1984-1985
Vice Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, 1985-1986
Military Reformist leader during the People Power EDSA Revolution, 1986
Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, 1986-1988
Secretary of National Defense, 1988-1991
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, 1992-1998
PertempuranHukbalahap Campaign
Perang Korea, 1951-1952 (Hero of the Battle of Hill Eerie, May 1952)
Perang Vietnam, 1965 to 1968
Battle of Marawi, 1972

Sebelum menjadi presiden, Ramos berkhidmat dalam Kabinet Presiden Corazon Aquino mula mula sebagai Pemerintah Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Filipina (AFP) dan, selepas itu, menjadi Setiausaha Pertahanan Negara dari tahun 1986 hingga tahun 1991.

Semasa hari bersejarah 1986 EDSA Revolusi Kuasa Rakyat, Ramos, bersama dengan Menteri Pertahanan, Juan Ponce Enrile, telah diangkat sebagai hero oleh rakyat Filipina kerana keputusan Ramos dan Enrile untuk berpecah dari menjadi sebahagian daripada pentadbiran Mendiang Presiden Ferdinand Marcos dan mengangkat sumpah taat setia kepada kerajaan baru pimpinan Corazon Aquino, selepas muncul setelah kejatuhan rejim Marcos pada Februari 1986. Dahulunya, Ramos adalah Bekas Pemerintah Angkatan Bersenjata dibawah Presiden Marcos.

Sehingga kini, hanya Ramos seorang adalah Presiden yang nonkatolik. Ramos berugama Protestan United Methodist Church.

RujukanSunting

Dalam baris
Umum
  • Fidel Ramos Curiculum Vitae
  • Westpoint Distinguished Graduate Award: DGA Fidel Ramos
  • Zaide, Sonia M. (1999). The Philippines: A Unique Nation. All Nations Publishing. ISBN 971-642-071-4.
  • Bardos, Phil, Cold War Warriors: The Story of the Achievements and Leadership of the Men of the West Point Class of 1950, (United States, 2000)
  • Bowring, Philip. "Filipino Democracy Needs Stronger Institutions.", January 22, 2001. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved August 24, 2008: http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/22/opinion/22iht-edbow.t_3.html
  • "Church, elite, Ramos ousted me, says Estrada." SunStar Network Online. (June 1, 2006). Retrieved August 24, 2008: http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/net/2006/06/01/church.elite.ramos.ousted.me.says.estrada.html
  • Fernandez, Butch. "Ramos told to come clean before hitting Palace pardon for Erap." (November 2–3, 2007). Business Mirror. Retrieved August 24, 2008: http://www.businessmirror.com.ph/1102&032007/nation01.html.
  • Florentino-Hofilena and Ian Sayson. Centennial Expo: Convenient Cover for Election Fundraising. (June 14–16, 1999). Retrieved August 24, 2008 from the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism: http://www.pcij.org/stories/1999/expo.html.
  • Johnson, Bryan, Four Days of Courage: The Untold Story of the Fall of Ferdinand Marcos, (Toronto, Canada, 1987)
  • Cal, Ben, FVR Through the Years, (Washington D.C., USA, 1998)
  • Hamilton-Paterson, James, America's Boy: The Marcoses and the Philippines, (Granta Books, London, Great Britain, 1998)
  • Lazaro, Isagani L., Mga Dakilang Lider na Pilipino, 5th Edition, (National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, Philippines, 2004)
  • Mendoza, Jr., Amado. Study 2a-The industrial anatomy of corruption: Government procurement, bidding and award of contracts. Retrieved August 24, 2008, from the Transparent Accountable Governance website: http://www.tag.org.ph/pdf/PCPS-Study2a.PDF
  • More electricity rate hikes to come: Sale of energy assets to have long-term shocking effects on the people – Bayan Muna. (2007, August 21). Bayan Muna.
  • Mydans, Seth. "Expecting Praise, Filipinos Are Criticized for Ouster." The New York Times. (February 5, 2001). Retrieved August 24, 2008: http://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/05/world/05FILI.html?ex=1219723200&en=abf1881ac23d0c2e&ei=5070
  • Mydans, Seth. "Manila Journal; People Power 2: A Sleeping Giant Is Awakened." The New York Times. (September 22, 1997). Retrieved August 24, 2008: http://www.nytimes.com/1997/09/20/world/manila-journal-people-power-2-a-sleeping-giant-is-awakened.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all
  • Rimban, Luz and Samonte-Pesayco, Sheila. Trail of Power Mess Leads to Ramos. (August 5–8, 2002). Retrieved August 24, 2008, from the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism website: http://www.pcij.org/stories/2002/ramos.html
  • Chŏnsa Pʻyŏnchʻan Wiwŏnhoe, The history of the United Nations forces in the Korean War, Volume I-VI, (Seoul, Ministry of National Defense, Republic of Korea, 1972–77)
  • Ramos Presidential Center, Makati City
  • Senate, Republic of the Philippines. COMMITTEE REPORT NO. 30. Eleventh Congress. Retrieved August 24, 2008, from the Senator Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel official website: http://www.nenepimentel.org/cgi-bin/build.pl?section=bluerib;id=CRF-30
  • Uy, Jocelyn. "9 in PEA-AMARI deal ordered suspended." Philippine Daily Inquirer. (August 13, 2008). Retrieved August 24, 2008: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/nation/view/20080813-154468/9-in-PEA-Amari-deal-ordered-suspended
  • Villasanta, Johnny F., 20th Battalion Combat Team (Leaders), The Philippine Expeditionary Force to Korea (1950–1955), http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/peftok/20thbct.html&date=2009-10-26+00:22:05, (August 26, 2006)

Pautan luarSunting

Pegawai tentera
Didahului oleh
Fabian Ver
Ketua Turus Angkatan Tentera Filipina
1986–1988
Diikuti oleh:
Renato de Villa
Jawatan politik
Didahului oleh
Rafael Ileto
Setiausaha Pertahanan Negara Filipina
1988–1991
Diikuti oleh:
Renato de Villa
Didahului oleh
Corazon Aquino
Presiden Filipina
30 Jun 1992 – 30 Jun 1998
Diikuti oleh:
Joseph Estrada