Gilbert Scott-Heron (1 April 1949 – 27 Mei 2011) merupakan seorang penyajak, penulis dan pemuzik Amerika Syarikat. Beliau mengkhusus utama dalam genre-genre spoken word soul dan jazz. lagi-lagi dengan karya bersama Brian Jackson pada tahun-tahun 1970-an dan 1980-an.

Gil Scott-Heron
Gil Scott-Heron - 10-03-2009 San Francisco, California.jpg
Scott-Heron pada tahun 2019
Latar belakang
Nama lahirGilbert Scott-Heron
Kelahiran(1949-04-01)1 April 1949
Chicago, Illinois,
Amerika Syarikat
Meninggal dunia27 Mei 2011(2011-05-27) (umur 62)
New York City, New York, U.S.[1]
Genre
Pekerjaan
  • Poet
  • singer-songwriter
  • author
  • musician
InstrumenVocals, piano, Rhodes piano, guitar
Tahun aktif1969–2011
Syarikat rakaman
Pengkarya berkait

Beliau dilihat sebagai antara pelopor kepada seni rap yang turut mempengaruhi genre-genre muzik terkemudian di Amerika Syarikat seperti hip hop dan neo soul; malah beliau dianggap MC dan penyanyi rap pertama dalam subbudaya ini.

BiografiSunting

Gaya penulisanSunting

DiskografiSunting

Album studioSunting

Tahun Album Label Rjkn
1970 Small Talk at 125th and Lenox Flying Dutchman [5]
1971 Pieces of a Man Flying Dutchman [5]
1972 Free Will Flying Dutchman [5]
1974 Winter in America Strata-East [5]
1975 The First Minute of a New Day Arista [5]
1975 From South Africa to South Carolina Arista [5]
1976 It's Your World Arista [5]
1977 Bridges Arista [5]
1978 Secrets Arista [5]
1980 1980 Arista [5]
1980 Real Eyes Arista [5]
1981 Reflections Arista [5]
1982 Moving Target Arista [5]
1994 Spirits TVT [5]
2010 I'm New Here XL [5]
2011 We're New Here XL /Young Turks [5]
2014 Nothing New XL [5]

Album langsungSunting

Tahun Album Label Refs
1976 It's Your World Arista [5]
1990 Tales of Gil Scott-Heron and His Amnesia Express Castle Music UK/Peak Top [petikan diperlukan]
1994 Minister of Information: Live Peak Top [5]
2004 The Best of Gil Scott-Heron Live Intersound [5]
2004 Tour De Force Phantom Sound & Vision [5]
2004 Save the Children Delta Music [5]
2004 Winter in America, Summer in Europe Pickwick [5]
2005 Greatest Hits Live: Collector Series Intersound [5]
2008 Live at the Town & Country 1988 Acadia/Evangeline [5]

Album kompilasiSunting

Tahun Album Label Refs
1974 The Revolution Will Not Be Televised Flying Dutchman [5]
1978 The Mind of Gil Scott-Heron Arista [5]
1984 The Best of Gil Scott-Heron Arista [5]
1988 The Revolution Will Not Be Televised Bluebird [5]
1990 Glory: The Gil Scott-Heron Collection Arista [petikan diperlukan]
1998 The Gil Scott-Heron Collection: Sampler 1974–1975 TVT [5]
1998 Ghetto Style Camden [5]
1999 Evolution and Flashback: The Very Best of Gil Scott-Heron RCA [5]
2005 Anthology: Messages (Gil Scott-Heron & Brian Jackson) Soul Brother [5]
2006 The Best of Gil Scott-Heron Sony/BMG [5]
2009 Storm Music (The Best of Gil Scott-Heron) Phantom Sound & Vision [5]
2012 The Revolution Begins: The Flying Dutchman Masters BGP [5]

Album kolaborasiSunting

BibliografiSunting

  • The Vulture (1970) - ISBN: 0862415284
  • Small Talk at 125th and Lenox (1970)
  • The Nigger Factory (1972) - ISBN: 0862415276
  • So Far, So Good (1990) - ISBN: 0883781336
  • Now and Then: The Poems of Gil Scott-Heron (2001) - ISBN: 086241900X
  • The Last Holiday (2012) - ISBN: 0857863010


RujukanSunting

  1. ^ "Gil Scott-Heron, Spoken-Word Musician, Dies at 62". The New York Times. May 28, 2011. Dicapai pada January 16, 2012.
  2. ^ Paul, Anna. "An Introduction To Gil Scott-Heron In 10 Songs". The Culture Trip. Dicapai pada January 31, 2018.
  3. ^ Woodstra, Chris; Bush, John; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2008). Old School Rap and Hip-hop. Backbeat Books. halaman 146–. ISBN 978-0-87930-916-9. Dicapai pada 28 February 2019.
  4. ^ Bush, John. "Gil Scott-Heron - Biography & History". AllMusic. Dicapai pada 31 Januari 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "Gil Scott-Heron | Album Discography". AllMusic.

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Gil Scott-Heron (August 20, 2013). The Last Holiday: A Memoir. Grove/Atlantic, Incorporated. ISBN 978-0-8021-9443-5.

Pautan luarSunting