Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (31 Ogos 1821 - 8 September 1894) ialah seorang ahli perubatan dan ahli fizik Jerman yang membuat sumbangan penting dalam beberapa bidang saintifik. Institusi penyelidikan terbesar Jerman, Persatuan Helmholtz, dinamakan sempena namanya.[5]

Hermann von Helmholtz
ForMemRS
Hermann von Helmholtz.jpg
LahirHermann Ludwig Ferdinand Helmholtz
(1821-08-31)31 Ogos 1821
Potsdam, Kerajaan Prusia
Meninggal dunia8 September 1894(1894-09-08) (umur 73)
Charlottenburg, Empayar Jerman
KediamanJerman
WarganegaraJerman
Bidang
Institusi
Pusat pendidikanMedicinisch-chirurgisches Friedrich-Wilhelm-Institut (de)
TesisDe fabrica systematis nervosi evertebratorum (1842)
Penasihat kedoktoranJohannes Peter Müller
Pelajar kedoktoran
Other notable students
Dikenali kerana
Pengaruh
  • Johann Gottlieb Fichte
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Hermann Lotze[2]
Dipengaruhi olehFriedrich Albert Lange[3]
Ludwig Wittgenstein[4]
Anugerah

Dalam fisiologi dan psikologi, beliau terkenal dengan matematik mata, teori penglihatan, idea mengenai persepsi visual ruang, penyelidikan penglihatan warna, dan sensasi nada, persepsi bunyi, dan empirisisme dalam fisiologi persepsi.

Dalam fizik, beliau terkenal dengan teori-teorinya mengenai pemuliharaan tenaga, bekerja dalam elektrodinamika, termodinamik kimia, dan pada asas mekanik termodinamik.

Sebagai seorang ahli falsafah, beliau terkenal dengan falsafah sainsnya, idea-idea mengenai hubungan antara undang-undang persepsi dan undang-undang alam, sains estetik, dan idea mengenai kuasa sains saintifik.

KaryaSunting

  • On the Conservation of Force (1847) HathiTrust
  • Helmholtz, Herman (1876). "On the Limits of the Optical Capacity of the Microscope". Monthly Microscopical Journal. 16: 15–39. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2818.1876.tb05606.x.
  • On the Conservation of Force (1895) Introduction to a Series of Lectures Delivered at Carlsruhe in the Winter of 1862–1863, English translation
  • On the Sensations of Tone as a Physiological Basis for the Theory of Music (downloadable from California Digital Library) Third Edition of English Translation, based on Fourth German Edition of 1877, By Hermann von Helmholtz, Alexander John Ellis, Published by Longmans, Green, 1895, 576 pages
  • On the Sensations of Tone as a Physiological Basis for the Theory of Music (downloadable from Google Books) Fourth Edition, By Hermann von Helmholtz, Alexander John Ellis, Published by Longmans, Green, 1912, 575 pages
  • Treatise on Physiological Optics (1910) three volumes. English translation by Optical Society of America (1924–5).
  • Popular lectures on scientific subjects (1885)
  • Popular lectures on scientific subjects second series (1908)

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ David Cahan (1993). Hermann Von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press. m/s. 198. ISBN 978-0-520-08334-9.
  2. ^ Hermann von Helmholtz entry at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy by Lydia Patton
  3. ^ Friedrich Albert Lange entry at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy by Nadeem J. Z. Hussain
  4. ^ Patton, Lydia, 2009, "Signs, Toy Models, and the A Priori: from Helmholtz to Wittgenstein," Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 40 (3): 281–289.
  5. ^ Cahan, David (1993). Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-08334-9.[halaman diperlukan]

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • David Cahan: Helmholtz: A Life in Science (University of Chicago, 2018). ISBN 978-0-226-48114-2
  • David Cahan (Ed.): Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. Univ. California, Berkeley 1994, ISBN 978-0-520-08334-9.
  • Gregor Schiemann: Hermann von Helmholtz's Mechanism: The Loss of Certainty. A Study on the Transition from Classical to Modern Philosophy of Nature. Dordrecht: Springer 2009, ISBN 978-1-4020-5629-1.
  • Franz Werner: Hermann Helmholtz´ Heidelberger Jahre (1858–1871). (= Sonderveröffentlichungen des Stadtarchivs Heidelberg 8). Mit 52 Abbildungen. Berlin / Heidelberg (Springer) 1997.

Pautan luarSunting