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Virus influenza B ialah sejenis virus di bawah keluarga Orthomyxoviridae dan satu-satunya spesis di bawah genus Betainfluenzavirus. Virus ini termasuk tiga virus influenza selain daripada jenis A dan C. Virus influenza B memiliki dua strain, yakni strain Victoria (B/Victoria/2/87) dan Yamagata (B/Yamagata/2/87).

Virus influenza B
Pengelasan virus
Group: Kumpulan V ((−)ssRNA)
Alam: Virus
Divisi: Riboviria
Filum: Negarnaviricota
Kelas: Insthoviricetes
Order: Articulavirales
Keluarga: Orthomyxoviridae
Genus: Betainfluenzavirus
Spesies: Virus influenza B
Type strain
B/Yamagata/2/87

B/Victoria/2/87

Sinonim
Spesis
  • Influenza type B virus[1]
  • Influenza virus B[2]
Genus
  • Influenzavirus B[3]

Virus ini diketahui hanya menyebabkan influenza kepada manusia dan anjing laut.[4] Virus ini berevolusi lebih lambat berbandingkan virus influenza A tetapi lebih pantas daripada virus influenza B.[5] Mesipun begitu, virus ini masih dapat menyebabkan kematian di seluruh dunia dan memberi kesan kepada kanak-kanak dan murid sekolah.[6]

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ ICTV 2nd Report Fenner, F. (1976). Classification and nomenclature of viruses. Second report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Intervirology 7: 1-115. p57 https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/ICTV%202nd%20Report.pdf
  2. ^ ICTV 6th Report Murphy, F. A., Fauquet, C. M., Bishop, D. H. L., Ghabrial, S. A., Jarvis, A. W. Martelli, G. P. Mayo, M. A. & Summers, M. D.(eds)(1995). Virus Taxonomy. Sixthreport of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Archives of Virology Supplement 10, p297 https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/ICTV%206th%20Report.pdf
  3. ^ Smith, Gavin JD; dll. (8 June 2017). "Changing individual genus and species names in the family Orthomyxoviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 22 March 2019. 
  4. ^ Osterhaus AD, Rimmelzwaan GF, Martina BE, Bestebroer TM, Fouchier RA (2000). "Influenza B virus in seals". Science. 288 (5468): 1051–53. Bibcode:2000Sci...288.1051O. doi:10.1126/science.288.5468.1051. PMID 10807575. 
  5. ^ Yamashita M, Krystal M, Fitch WM, Palese P (1988). "Influenza B virus evolution: co-circulating lineages and comparison of evolutionary pattern with those of influenza A and C viruses". Virology. 163 (1): 112–22. doi:10.1016/0042-6822(88)90238-3. PMID 3267218. 
  6. ^ van de Sandt, Carolien E; Bodewes, Rogier; Rimmelzwaan, Guus F; de Vries, Rory D (September 2015). "Influenza B viruses: not to be discounted". Future Microbiology. 10 (9): 1447–65. doi:10.2217/fmb.15.65. PMID 26357957.