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James Dewey Watson (lahir 6 April 1928) ialah seorang ahli biologi molekuler, genetik dan zoologi dari Amerika Syarikat yang terbaik dikenali sebagai salah satu penemu bersama struktur DNA pada tahun 1953 dengan Francis Crick dan Rosalind Franklin. Watson, Crick, dan Maurice Wilkins telah dianugerai Hadiah Nobel dalam Fisiologi atau Perubatan "untuk penemuan mereka berkaitan dengan struktur molekul asid nukleik dan kepentingannya terhadap pemindahan maklumat dalam bahan hidup".

James Watson
ForMemRS KBE
James D Watson.jpg
James Watson
LahirJames Dewey Watson
(1928-04-06) 6 April 1928 (umur 91)[1]
Chicago, Illinois, Amerika Syarikat
WarganegaraAmerika Syarikat
BidangGenetik
Institusi
Pusat pendidikan
TesisThe Biological Properties of X-Ray Inactivated Bacteriophage (1951)
Penasihat kedoktoranSalvador Luria
Pelajar kedoktoran
Other notable students
Dikenali kerana
Anugerah
PasanganElizabeth Watson (née Lewis) (k. 1968)
Tandatangan

Beliau turut terlibat mengasas Projek Genom Manusia bersama Institut-Institut Kesihatan Negara Amerika Syarikat antara tahun 1988 hingga 1992.

Anugerah dan kehormatanSunting

Watson telah memenangi banyak anugerah termasuk:

Ijazah kehormat yang diterimaSunting

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ Templat:Who's Who (subscription required)
  2. ^ Capecchi, Mario (1967). On the Mechanism of Suppression and Polypeptide Chain Initiation (Tesis). Harvard University. 
  3. ^ Steitz, J (2011). "Joan Steitz: RNA is a many-splendored thing. Interview by Caitlin Sedwick". The Journal of Cell Biology. 192 (5): 708–9. doi:10.1083/jcb.1925pi. PMC 3051824 . PMID 21383073. 
  4. ^ Hopkin, Karen (June 2005). "Bring Me Your Genomes: The Ewan Birney Story". The Scientist. 19 (11): 60. 
  5. ^ Anon (1993). "Richard J. Roberts - Biographical". nobelprize.org. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 4 Mac 2016. Dicapai 28 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Ferry, Georgina (2014). EMBO in perspective: a half-century in the life sciences (PDF). Heidelberg: European Molecular Biology Organization. m/s. 145. ISBN 978-3-00-046271-9. OCLC 892947326. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada August 24, 2016. 
  7. ^ Ferry, Georgina (2014). "History: Fifty years of EMBO". Nature. London. 511 (7508): 150–151. doi:10.1038/511150a. 
  8. ^ a b c Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan formemrs tidak disediakan
  9. ^ a b Anon (1985). "James Watson EMBO profile". people.embo.org. Heidelberg: European Molecular Biology Organization. 
  10. ^ "Copley Medal". Royal Society website. The Royal Society. Dicapai April 19, 2013. 
  11. ^ The Lasker Foundation.1960 Winners Diarkibkan July 21, 2009, di Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on November 4, 2007.
  12. ^ "Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences Recipients". American Philosophical Society. Dicapai November 27, 2011. 
  13. ^ The Hastings Center Hastings Center Fellows. Accessed November 6, 2010
  14. ^ Nobility News: Honorary Knights 2007
  15. ^ O'Dowd, Niall. "He Helped Map the Structure of DNA. Up Next is a Cure For Cancer", Irish America magazine, March 10, 2011. Accessed March 22, 2011. "James Watson helped unravel the structure of DNA, a feat so stunning that it is considered the greatest scientific achievement of the 20th century. "
  16. ^ "John J. Carty Award for the Advancement of Science". National Academy of Sciences. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada December 29, 2010. Dicapai February 15, 2011. 
  17. ^ National Constitution Center.2000 Liberty Medal Recipients. Retrieved on November 4, 2007.
  18. ^ The National Science Foundation.The President's National Medal of Science: Recipient Details. February 14, 2006. Retrieved on November 4, 2007.
  19. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan The Nobel Foundation tidak disediakan
  20. ^ "Othmer Gold Medal". Science History Institute. Dicapai 22 March 2018. 
  21. ^ "James D. Watson to receive 2005 Othmer Gold Medal". Psych Central. February 23, 2005. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada February 6, 2015. Dicapai June 12, 2014. 
  22. ^ Presidential Medal of Freedom, 2007. Retrieved on November 4, 2007.
  23. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan chicago medal tidak disediakan
  24. ^ "University of Dublin, Trinity College". 

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Chadarevian, S. (2002) Designs For Life: Molecular Biology After World War II. Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-57078-60-521-57078-6
  • Chargaff, E. (1978) Heraclitean Fire. New York: Rockefeller Press.
  • Chomet, S., ed., (1994) D.N.A.: Genesis of a Discovery London: Newman-Hemisphere Press.
  • Collins, Francis. (2004) Coming to Peace With Science: Bridging the Worlds Between Faith and Biology. InterVarsity Press. ISBN 978-0-8308-2742-8978-0-8308-2742-8
  • Collins, Francis. (2007) The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief Free Press. ISBN 978-1-4165-4274-2978-1-4165-4274-2
  • Crick, F. H. C. (1988) What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery (Basic Books reprint edition, 1990) ISBN 0-465-09138-50-465-09138-5
  • John Finch; 'A Nobel Fellow On Every Floor', Medical Research Council 2008, 381 pp, ISBN 978-1-84046-940-0978-1-84046-940-0; this book is all about the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge.
  • Friedberg, E.C.; "Sydney Brenner: A Biography", CSHL Press October 2010, ISBN 0-87969-947-70-87969-947-7.
  • Friedburg, E. C. (2005) "The Writing Life of James D. Watson". "Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press" ISBN 0-87969-700-80-87969-700-8
  • Hunter, G. (2004) Light Is A Messenger: the life and science of William Lawrence Bragg. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-852921-X0-19-852921-X
  • Inglis, J., Sambrook, J. & Witkowski, J. A. (eds.) Inspiring Science: Jim Watson and the Age of DNA. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 2003. ISBN 978-0-87969-698-6978-0-87969-698-6.
  • Judson, H. F. (1996). The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology, Expanded edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. ISBN 0-87969-478-50-87969-478-5
  • Maddox, B. (2003). Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-098508-90-06-098508-9
  • McEleheny, Victor K. (2003) Watson and DNA: Making a scientific revolution, Perseus. ISBN 0-7382-0341-60-7382-0341-6
  • Robert Olby; 1974 The Path to The Double Helix: Discovery of DNA. London: MacMillan. ISBN 0-486-68117-30-486-68117-3; Definitive DNA textbook, with foreword by Francis Crick, revised in 1994 with a 9-page postscript.
  • Robert Olby; (2003) "Quiet debut for the double helix" Nature 421 (January 23): 402-405.
  • Robert Olby; "Francis Crick: Hunter of Life's Secrets", Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, ISBN 978-0-87969-798-3978-0-87969-798-3, August 2009.
  • Ridley, M. (2006) Francis Crick: Discoverer of the Genetic Code (Eminent Lives) New York: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-06-082333-X0-06-082333-X.
  • James D. Watson, "The Annotated and Illustrated Double Helix, edited by Alexander Gann and Jan Witkowski" (2012) Simon & Schuster, ISBN 978-1-4767-1549-0978-1-4767-1549-0.
  • Wilkins, M. (2003) The Third Man of the Double Helix: The Autobiography of Maurice Wilkins. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860665-60-19-860665-6.
  • The History of the University of Cambridge: Volume 4 (1870 to 1990), Cambridge University Press, 1992.

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