Johannes Kepler

German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer

Johannes Kepler (Sebutan bahasa Jerman: [ˈkɛplɐ]; 27 Disember 1571 – 15 November 1630) adalah seorang ahli matematik, astronomi and astrologi Jerman, dan merupakan orang penting di dalam revolusi saintifik abad ke-17. Beliau paling dikenali dengan pembuktiannya menggunakan hukum gerakan planet, yang dikodkan oleh ahli astronomi terkemudian, berdasarkan kerjanya Astronomia nova, Harmonices Mundi dan Epitome of Copernican Astronomy. Mereka juga menyediakan salah satu asas untuk teori graviti semesta Isaac Newton.

Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler 1610.jpg
Potret 1610 Johannes Kepler
Kelahiran(1571-12-27)27 Disember 1571
Meninggal dunia15 November 1630(1630-11-15) (umur 58)
Pusat pendidikanUniversiti Tübingen
Terkenal keranaHukum gerakan planet Kepler
Konjektur Kepler
Kerjaya saintifik
BidangAstronomi, astrologi, matematik dan falsafah alam
InstitusiUniversiti Linz
Unterschrift Kepler.svg


Nota kakiSunting

  • The most complete biography of Kepler is Max Caspar's Kepler. Though there are a number of more recent biographies, most are based on Caspar's work with minimal original research; much of the information cited from Caspar can also be found in the books by Arthur Koestler, Kitty Ferguson, and James A. Connor. Owen Gingerich's The Eye of Heaven builds on Caspar's work to place Kepler in the broader intellectual context of early-modern astronomy. Many later studies have focused on particular elements of his life and work. Kepler's mathematics, cosmological, philosophical and historical views have been extensively analyzed in books and journal articles, though his astrological work—and its relationship to his astronomy—remains understudied.


Epitome astronomiae copernicanae, 1618
  • Andersen, Hanne; Peter Barker; and Xiang Chen: The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions, chapter 6: "The Copernican Revolution." New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006 ISBN 0521855756
  • Armitage, Angus: John Kepler, Faber, 1966
  • Banville, John: Kepler, Martin, Secker and Warburg, London, 1981 (fictionalised biography)
  • Barker, Peter and Bernard R. Goldstein: "Theological Foundations of Kepler's Astronomy". Osiris, Volume 16: Science in Theistic Contexts. University of Chicago Press, 2001, pp 88–113
  • Caspar, Max: Kepler; transl. and ed. by C. Doris Hellman; with a new introduction and references by Owen Gingerich; bibliographic citations by Owen Gingerich and Alain Segonds. New York: Dover, 1993 ISBN 0486676056
  • Connor, James A.: Kepler's Witch: An Astronomer's Discovery of Cosmic Order Amid Religious War, Political Intrigue, and the Heresy Trial of His Mother. HarperSanFrancisco, 2004 ISBN 0060522550
  • De Gandt, Francois: Force and Geometry in Newton's Principia, Translated by Curtis Wilson, Princeton University Press 1995 ISBN 0691033676
  • Dreyer, J. L. E.: A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler. Dover Publications Inc, 1967 ISBN 0486600793
  • Ferguson, Kitty: The nobleman and his housedog: Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler: the strange partnership that revolutionized science. London: Review, 2002 ISBN 0747270228 - published in the US as: Tycho & Kepler: the unlikely partnership that forever changed our understanding of the heavens. New York: Walker, 2002 ISBN 0802713904
  • Field, J. V.: Kepler's geometrical cosmology. Chicago University Press, 1988 ISBN 0226248232
  • Gilder, Joshua and Anne-Lee Gilder: Heavenly Intrigue: Johannes Kepler, Tycho Brahe, and the Murder Behind One of History's Greatest Scientific Discoveries, Doubleday (May 18, 2004), ISBN 0385508441 Reviews [1] [2]
  • Gingerich, Owen: The Eye of Heaven: Ptolemy, Copernicus, Kepler. American Institute of Physics, 1993 ISBN 0883188635 (Masters of modern physics; v. 7)
  • Gingerich, Owen: "Kepler, Johannes" in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Volume VII. Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973
  • Jardine, Nick: "Koyré’s Kepler/Kepler's Koyré," History of Science, Vol. 38 (2000), pp 363–376
  • Kepler, Johannes: Johannes Kepler New Astronomy trans. W. Donahue, forward by O. Gingerich, Cambridge University Press 1993 ISBN 0521301319
  • Kepler, Johannes and Christian Frisch: Joannis Kepleri Astronomi Opera Omnia (John Kepler, Astronomer; Complete Works), 8 vols.(1858–1871). vol. 1, 1858, vol. 2, 1859, vol. 3,1860, vol. 6, 1866, vol. 7, 1868, Francofurti a.M. et Erlangae, Heyder & Zimmer, - Google Books
  • Kepler, Johannes, et al.: Great Books of the Western World. Volume 16: Ptolemy, Copernicus, Kepler , Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 1952. (Contains English translations by of Kepler's Epitome, Books IV & V and Harmonices Book 5.)
  • Koestler, Arthur: The Sleepwalkers: A History of Man's Changing Vision of the Universe. (1959). ISBN 0140192468
  • Koyré, Alexandre: Galilean Studies Harvester Press 1977 ISBN 0855273542
  • Koyré, Alexandre: The Astronomical Revolution: Copernicus-Kepler-Borelli Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1973 ISBN 0801405041; Methuen, 1973 ISBN 0416769802; Hermann, 1973 ISBN 2705656480
  • Kuhn, Thomas S.: The Copernican Revolution: Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1957. ISBN 0674171039
  • Lindberg, David C.: "The Genesis of Kepler's Theory of Light: Light Metaphysics from Plotinus to Kepler." Osiris, N.S. 2. University of Chicago Press, 1986, pp 5–42.
  • Lear, John: Kepler's Dream. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965
  • North, John: The Fontana History of Astronomy and Cosmology, Fontana Press, 1994. ISBN 0006861776
  • Pannekoek, Anton: A History of Astronomy, Dover Publications Inc 1989. ISBN 0486659941
  • Pauli, Wolfgang: Wolfgang Pauli — Writings on physics and philosophy, translated by Robert Schlapp and edited by P. Enz and Karl von Meyenn (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1994). See section 21, The influence of archetypical ideas on the scientific theories of Kepler, concerning Johannes Kepler and Robert Fludd (1574–1637). ISBN 354056859X
  • Schneer, Cecil: "Kepler's New Year's Gift of a Snowflake." Isis, Volume 51, No. 4. University of Chicago Press, 1960, pp 531–545.
  • Shapin, Steven: The Scientific Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. ISBN 0226750205
  • Stephenson, Bruce: Kepler's physical astronomy. New York: Springer, 1987 ISBN 0-387-96541-6 (Studies in the history of mathematics and physical sciences; 13); reprinted Princeton:Princeton Univ. Pr., 1994 ISBN 0691036527
  • Stephenson, Bruce: The Music of the Heavens: Kepler's Harmonic Astronomy, Princeton University Press, 1994. ISBN 0691034397
  • Toulmin, Stephen and June Goodfield: The Fabric of the Heavens: The Development of Astronomy and Dynamics. Pelican, 1963.
  • Voelkel, James R.: The Composition of Kepler's Astronomia nova, Princeton University Press, 2001. ISBN 0691007381
  • Westfall, Richard S.: The Construction of Modern Science: Mechanism and Mechanics. John Wiley and Sons, 1971. ISBN 047193531X; reprinted Cambridge University Press, 1978. ISBN 0521292956
  • Westfall, Richard S.: Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton. Cambridge University Press, 1981. ISBN 0521231434
  • Wolf, A.: A History of Science, Technology and Philosophy in the 16th and 17th centuries. George Allen & Unwin, 1950.

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