Joseph Conrad (Poland: [ˈjuz̪ɛf ˌkɔn.rad]; nama lahir: Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski; 3 Disember 1857 – 3 Ogos 1924) merupakan seorang penulis berbangsa Poland.[1] Meskipun beliau tidak berapa fasih berbahasa Inggeris sehingga beliau berusia 20-an, namun beliau menyumbangkan unsur dan sudut pandang yang unik kepada penulisan dalam bahasa tersebut[note 1] sehinga beliau menjadi disanjung sebagai antara penulis sastera bahasa Inggeris terhebat sepanjang zaman.[2]

Joseph Conrad
Head shot with moustache and beard
Potret Conrad pada 1904
oleh George Charles Beresford
LahirJózef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski
(1857-12-03)3 Disember 1857
Berdychiv, Empayar Rusia
Died3 Ogos 1924(1924-08-03) (umur 66)
Bishopsbourne, Kent, England
Tempat pengebumianCanterbury Cemetery, Canterbury
PekerjaanNovelis, penulis cerita pendek
WarganegaraPoland
WarganegaraBritish
Tempoh1895–1923: Modernisme
GenreCerita rekaan
Karya terkenalThe Nigger of the 'Narcissus' (1897)
Heart of Darkness (1899)
Lord Jim (1900)
Typhoon (1902)
Nostromo (1904)
The Secret Agent (1907)
Under Western Eyes (1911)
PasanganJessie George
Anak2
Tandatangan

Bibliografi sunting

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Nota sunting

  1. ^ Rudyard Kipling felt that "with a pen in his hand he was first amongst us" but that there was nothing English in Conrad's mentality: "When I am reading him, I always have the impression that I am reading an excellent translation of a foreign author." Cited in Jeffrey Meyers, Joseph Conrad: A Biography, p. 209. Cf. Zdzisław Najder's similar observation: "He was [...] an English writer who grew up in other linguistic and cultural environments. His work can be seen as located in the borderland of auto-translation." Zdzisław Najder, Joseph Conrad: A Life, 2007, p. ix.

Rujukan sunting

  1. ^ Brownstone, David M.; Franck, Irene M. (1994). Timelines of the Arts and Literature. HarperCollins. m/s. 397. ISBN 978-0-062-70069-8.
  2. ^ Joseph Conrad di Encyclopædia Britannica

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