Kawasan metropolitan di Amerika Syarikat

Kawasan metropolitan di Amerika Syarikat merangkumi kawasan-kawasan yang mempunyai hubungan ekonomi yang rapat serta kepadatan penduduk tinggi di bahagian terasnya. Ia tidak semestinya terletak di bawah struktur pentadbiran yang ditetapkan, dan definisinya berbeza mengikut sumber statistik.

Kawasan Metropolitan Statistik (MSA) dalam merah.

Berikut merupakan senarai 50 kawasan metropolitan terbesar di Amerika Syarikat yang disusun oleh Pejabat Pengurusan dan Belanjawan (OMB). Definisi yang digunakan ialah "Kawasan Metropolitan Statistik" (bahasa Inggeris: Metropolitan Satistical Area, MSA), iaitu sekumpulan satu atau lebih kaunti yang mempunyai sekurang-kurangnya satu kawasan teras yang mempunyai lebih daripada 50,000 penduduk, serta kawasan berdekatan yang mempunyai tahap integrasi sosial dan ekonomi dengan kawasan teras yang tinggi.[1][2]

OMB juga menyediakan senarai "Kawasan Bergabung Statistik" (Combined Statistical Area, CSA), iaitu pengelompokan beberapa Kawasan Metropolitan Statistik dan Kawasan Mikropolitan Statistik berdekatan yang mempunyai hubungan pengangkutan rapat.[2]

SenaraiSunting

Ked. Kawasan metropolitan Penduduk
2009
Penduduk
2000
Perubahan Kawasan Metropolitan Statistik (MSA) Kawasan Bergabung Metropolitan (CSA)
!000001 New York !B9836292177626 12,874,797 !B9836695688347 12,365,627 style="text-align:right;"|12,365,627 12,874,797 +4.12% New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA MSA New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA
!000002 Los Angeles !B9836292177626 12,874,797 !B9836695688347 12,365,627 style="text-align:right;"|12,365,627 12,874,797 +4.12% Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA MSA Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA
!000003 Chicagoland !B9839247526660 9,580,567 !B9839764001005 9,098,316 style="text-align:right;"|9,098,316 9,580,567 +5.30% Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI MSA Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI CSA
!000004 Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex !B9843207791470 6,447,615 !B9845432536824 5,161,544 style="text-align:right;"|5,161,544 6,447,615 +24.92% Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA
!000005 Lembah Delaware !B9843980353548 5,968,252 !B9844462807256 5,687,147 style="text-align:right;"|5,687,147 5,968,252 +4.94% Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD MSA Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA
!000006 Houston !B9844150626680 5,867,489 !B9846336542094 4,715,407 style="text-align:right;"|4,715,407 5,867,489 +24.43% Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX MSA Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA
!000007 Florida Selatan !B9844712230068 5,547,051 !B9845735398727 5,007,564 style="text-align:right;"|5,007,564 5,547,051 +10.77% Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000008 Washington, D.C. !B9844840705253 5,476,241 !B9846166690488 4,796,183 style="text-align:right;"|4,796,183 5,476,241 +14.18% Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV MSA Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV CSA
!000009 Atlanta !B9844842582629 5,475,213 !B9847380456307 4,247,981 style="text-align:right;"|4,247,981 5,475,213 +28.89% Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA MSA Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL CSA
!000010 Boston !B9846608970410 4,588,680 !B9847048541114 4,391,344 style="text-align:right;"|4,391,344 4,588,680 +4.49% Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH MSA Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH CSA
!000011 Detroit !B9847021040696 4,403,437 !B9846910109041 4,452,557 style="text-align:right;"|4,452,557 4,403,437 −1.10% Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI MSA Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA
!000012 Phoenix !B9847110788344 4,364,094 !B9850052573814 3,251,876 style="text-align:right;"|3,251,876 4,364,094 +34.20% Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000013 San Francisco Bay Area !B9847217311540 4,317,853 !B9847677289234 4,123,740 style="text-align:right;"|4,123,740 4,317,853 +4.71% San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA MSA San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
!000014 Inland Empire !B9847630420043 4,143,113 !B9850043521602 3,254,821 style="text-align:right;"|3,254,821 4,143,113 +27.29% Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MSA Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA
!000015 Seattle !B9849584084350 3,407,848 !B9850713570816 3,043,878 style="text-align:right;"|3,043,878 3,407,848 +11.96% Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA
!000016 Minneapolis-Saint Paul !B9849997563394 3,269,814 !B9850963295902 2,968,806 style="text-align:right;"|2,968,806 3,269,814 +10.14% Minneapolis-Saint Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI MSA Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA
!000017 San Diego !B9850681050174 3,053,793 !B9851499418312 2,813,833 style="text-align:right;"|2,813,833 3,053,793 +8.53% San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000018 St. Louis !B9851445696845 2,828,990 !B9851917240836 2,698,687 style="text-align:right;"|2,698,687 2,828,990 +4.83% St. Louis, MO-IL MSA St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL CSA
!000019 Tampa Bay !B9851738810227 2,747,272 !B9853106900138 2,395,997 style="text-align:right;"|2,395,997 2,747,272 +14.66% Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000020 Baltimore !B9851946189346 2,690,886 !B9852472226539 2,552,994 style="text-align:right;"|2,552,994 2,690,886 +5.40% Baltimore-Towson, MD MSA Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV CSA
!000021 Denver !B9852475356688 2,552,195 !B9854055132498 2,179,240 style="text-align:right;"|2,179,240 2,552,195 +17.11% Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO MSA Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO CSA
!000022 Pittsburgh !B9853279669737 2,354,957 !B9852961509596 2,431,087 style="text-align:right;"|2,431,087 2,354,957 −3.13% Pittsburgh, PA MSA Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA CSA
!000023 Portland !B9853771920387 2,241,841 !B9855280679697 1,927,881 style="text-align:right;"|1,927,881 2,241,841 +16.29% Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000024 Cincinnati !B9854088889232 2,171,896 !B9854865378213 2,009,632 style="text-align:right;"|2,009,632 2,171,896 +8.07% Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN MSA Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington, OH-KY-IN CSA
!000025 Sacramento !B9854296100180 2,127,355 !B9855984504144 1,796,857 style="text-align:right;"|1,796,857 2,127,355 +18.39% SacramentoArden-ArcadeRoseville, CA MSA Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Yuba City, CA-NV CSA
!000026 Cleveland !B9854467102542 2,091,286 !B9854198856940 2,148,143 style="text-align:right;"|2,148,143 2,091,286 −2.65% Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH MSA Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH CSA
!000027 Orlando !B9854509582828 2,082,421 !B9856870159627 1,644,561 style="text-align:right;"|1,644,561 2,082,421 +26.62% Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL MSA Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL CSA
!000028 San Antonio !B9854559133434 2,072,128 !B9856470006606 1,711,703 style="text-align:right;"|1,711,703 2,072,128 +21.06% San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000029 Kansas City !B9854581081825 2,067,585 !B9855768794528 1,836,038 style="text-align:right;"|1,836,038 2,067,585 +12.61% Bandar Raya Kansas, MO-KS MSA Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS CSA
!000030 Las Vegas !B9855411450882 1,902,834 !B9858654795019 1,375,765 style="text-align:right;"|1,375,765 1,902,834 +38.31% Las Vegas-Paradise, NV MSA Las Vegas-Paradise-Pahrump, NV CSA
!000031 San Jose !B9855748869271 1,839,700 !B9856330100939 1,735,819 style="text-align:right;"|1,735,819 1,839,700 +5.98% San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSA San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA
!000032 Columbus !B9855956766371 1,801,848 !B9857065833695 1,612,694 style="text-align:right;"|1,612,694 1,801,848 +11.73% Columbus, OH MSA Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH CSA
!000033 Charlotte !B9856274346449 1,745,524 !B9858989737144 1,330,448 style="text-align:right;"|1,330,448 1,745,524 +31.20% Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MS Charlotte-Gastonia-Salisbury, NC-SC CSA
!000034 Indianapolis !B9856285042366 1,743,658 !B9857624268375 1,525,104 style="text-align:right;"|1,525,104 1,743,658 +14.33% Indianapolis-Carmel, IN MSA Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN CSA
!000035 Austin !B9856508803439 1,705,075 !B9859615355086 1,249,763 style="text-align:right;"|1,249,763 1,705,075 +36.43% Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX MSA Austin-Round Rock-Marble Falls, TX CSA
!000036 Hampton Roads !B9856689760231 1,674,498 !B9857293647065 1,576,370 style="text-align:right;"|1,576,370 1,674,498 +6.22% Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000037 Providence !B9857140846432 1,600,642 !B9857251695562 1,582,997 style="text-align:right;"|1,582,997 1,600,642 +1.11% Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA MSA Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH CSA
!000038 Nashville !B9857256327092 1,582,264 !B9859130975876 1,311,789 style="text-align:right;"|1,311,789 1,582,264 +20.62% Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin, TN MSA Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Columbia, TN CSA
!000039 Milwaukee !B9857400171050 1,559,667 !B9857785304559 1,500,741 style="text-align:right;"|1,500,741 1,559,667 +3.93% Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI MSA Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI CSA
!000040 Jacksonville !B9859007069631 1,328,144 !B9860687084090 1,122,750 style="text-align:right;"|1,122,750 1,328,144 +18.29% Jacksonville, FL MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000041 Memphis !B9859183431078 1,304,926 !B9859978405948 1,205,204 style="text-align:right;"|1,205,204 1,304,926 +8.27% Memphis, TN-MS-AR MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000042 Louisville !B9859545077243 1,258,577 !B9860343682984 1,161,975 style="text-align:right;"|1,161,975 1,258,577 +8.31% Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN MSA Louisville/Jefferson County–Elizabethtown–Scottsburg, KY-IN CSA
!000043 Richmond !B9859708412290 1,238,187 !B9860919494593 1,096,957 style="text-align:right;"|1,096,957 1,238,187 +12.87% Richmond, VA MSA kawasan statistik primer
!000044 Oklahoma City !B9859796907331 1,227,278 !B9860933506777 1,095,421 style="text-align:right;"|1,095,421 1,227,278 +12.04% Oklahoma City, OK MSA Oklahoma City-Shawnee, OK CSA
!000045 Hartford !B9860055084587 1,195,998 !B9860459299614 1,148,618 style="text-align:right;"|1,148,618 1,195,998 +4.12% Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT MSA Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic, CT CSA
!000046 New Orleans !B9860105521014 1,189,981 !B9859095051462 1,316,510 style="text-align:right;"|1,316,510 1,189,981 −9.61% New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA MSA New Orleans-Metairie-Bogalusa, LA CSA
!000047 Birmingham !B9860613253546 1,131,070 !B9861335701175 1,052,238 style="text-align:right;"|1,052,238 1,131,070 +7.49% Birminghom-Hoover, AL MSA Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, AL CSA
!000048 Salt Lake City !B9860620125508 1,130,293 !B9862161266626 968,858 style="text-align:right;"|968,858 1,130,293 +16.66% Salt Lake City, UT MSA Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, UT CSA
!000049 Research Triangle !B9860659715653 1,125,827 !B9864113009621 797,071 style="text-align:right;"|797,071 1,125,827 +41.25% Raleigh-Cary, NC MSA Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC CSA
!000050 Buffalo-Niagara Falls !B9860677700829 1,123,804 !B9860273908259 1,170,111 style="text-align:right;"|1,170,111 1,123,804 −3.96% Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY MSA Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus, NY CSA

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/metroarea.html
  2. ^ a b "OMB Bulletin No. 10-02: Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. December 1, 2009. Dicapai pada March 29, 2010.

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