Perang Punic Ketiga: Perbezaan antara semakan

Carthage [[Pertempuran Carthage (sekitar 149 SM)|dikepung]] bermula pada sekitar 149 SM sehingga musim bunga pada 146 SM, apabila [[Scipio Aemilianus]] mengambil alih kota dengan serbuan. Meskipun rakyat Punic melawan dengan gagah berani, mereka secara berperingkat diundurkan oleh pasukan besar tentera Rom dan dimusnahkan.
 
==Kejadian selepas perang==
==Aftermath==
[[File:Tunisie Carthage Ruines 08.JPG|thumb|CarthageRuntuhan ruinsCarthage]]
ManyRamai Carthaginiansrakyat diedCarthage frommati akibat [[starvationkebuluran]] duringsemasa thetempoh laterterakhir part of the siegepengepungan, whilesementara manyyang otherslain diedmati insemasa theenam finalhari sixterakhir days of fightingperang. WhenApabila the warperang endedtamat, the remainingsisa 50,000 Carthaginianspenduduk Carthage, asatu smallbahagian partkecil ofdaripada thejumpa original pre-warasal population,penduduk sebelum wereperang, assepertimana wasnasib theyang normalbiasa fateberlaku inkepada antiquitypenduduk ofkota-kota inhabitantsyang of sacked citiesdijarah, solddijual intodalam [[slaveryperhambaan]] byoleh thepara victorspenakluk.<ref>Scullard, Howard Hayes: ''A History of the Roman World, 753 to 146 BC.'' Routledge, 2002, page 316. ISBN 0415305047</ref> TheKota cityini wassecara systematicallysistematik burneddibakar for somewhere betweenselama 10 andhingga 17 dayshari; thetembok-tembok city wallskota, its buildings andbangunan itsdan harbourpelabuhannya werejuga utterlydimusnahkan destroyedsepenuhnya.
 
TheWilayah remainingCarthage Carthaginianselebihnya territoriesdiduduki wereoleh annexedRom bydan Romedisusun andkembali reconstituted to become themenjadi [[AfricaWilayah ProvinceAfrika|Romanwilayah provinceRom ofdi AfricaAfrika]]. The site ofTapak Carthage wastelah [[Carthage#Roman Carthage|rebuiltdibina andsemula rededicateddan asdidedikasi asebagai Romansebuah kota cityRom]] byoleh [[Julius Caesar]] anddan wouldkemudian latermenjadi becomesalah onesatu ofdari thekota-kota mainutama citiesdi ofRom RomanAfrika Africapada at the time of thezaman [[RomanEmpayar EmpireRom|EmpireEmpayar]].
 
That Roman forces then [[Salting the earth|sowed the city with salt]] to ensure that nothing would grow there again is almost certainly a 19th century invention.<ref>Ridley, R.T., "To Be Taken with a Pinch of Salt: The Destruction of Carthage," Classical Philology vol. 81, no. 2 (1986).</ref> Contemporary accounts show that the land surrounding Carthage was declared ''[[ager publicus]]'' and that it was shared between local [[farmer]]s, and Roman and [[Italy|Italian]] ones. North Africa soon became a [[Grain supply to the city of Rome|vital source of grain]] for the Romans. Roman Carthage was the main hub transporting these supplies to the capital. The fact that Rome came to rely on North African grain as quickly as she did after conquering Carthage makes any notion that she might have destroyed Carthaginian farmlands quite doubtful.
Numerous significant Carthaginian cities, such as those in [[Mauretania]], were taken over and rebuilt by the Romans. Examples of these rebuilt cities are [[Volubilis]], [[Chellah]] and [[Mogador]]. Volubilis, for example, was an important Roman town situated near the westernmost border of Roman conquests. It was built on the site of the previous Carthaginian [[Human settlement|settlement]], but that settlement overlies an earlier [[neolithic]] habitation.<ref>[http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=14906 C.Michael Hogan, ''Volubilis'', Megalithic Portal, ed. A. Burnham (2007)]</ref> Utica, the Punic city which changed loyalties at the beginning of the siege, became the capital of the Roman [[Africa Province|province of Africa]].<ref name=scully>Scullard, pages 310 and 316</ref>
 
InPada JanuaryJanuari 1985, Ugo Vetere, thedatuk mayor ofbandar Rome, anddan Chedly Klibi, thedatuk mayor ofbandar Carthage, signedtelah amenandatangani symbolicsatu friendshippakatan andsimbolik collaborationpersahabtan pactdan kerjasama, "officially"secara endingrasminya" themenamatkan conflictkonflik betweenantara theirbandar-bandar citiesmereka.<ref>[http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9502E3DA143BF93AA25752C0A963948260 New York Times] Retrieved 15 September 2008</ref>
 
==Rujukan==
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