Perbezaan antara semakan "Arsenal F.C."

572 bait ditambah ,  14 tahun lalu
{{Football club infobox |
Nama kelab = Arsenal |
Imej = [[Image:Arsenal FC.png|140px]] |
Arsenal were founded as '''Dial Square''' in 1886 by workers at the [[Royal Arsenal]] in [[Woolwich]], but were renamed '''Royal Arsenal''' shortly afterwards. They renamed themselves again to '''Woolwich Arsenal''' after turning professional in 1891. The club joined the [[Football League]] in 1893, starting out in the [[Football League Second Division|Second Division]], and won promotion to the [[Football League First Division|First Division]] in 1904. However, the club's geographic isolation resulted in lower attendances than those of other clubs, which led to the club becoming mired in financial problems. In 1913, soon after relegation back to the Second Division, they moved across the [[River Thames|Thames]] to the new [[Arsenal Stadium]] in [[Highbury]], north London. They dropped "Woolwich" from their name the following year. Arsenal only finished in fifth place in 1919, but nevertheless were elected to rejoin the First Division at the expense of local rivals [[Tottenham Hotspur F.C.|Tottenham Hotspur]], by reportedly dubious means.<ref>It has been alleged that Arsenal's promotion, on historical grounds rather than merit, was thanks to underhand actions by the then Arsenal chairman, [[Henry Norris|Sir Henry Norris]] (see [[History of Arsenal F.C.]] for more details). No firm proof has ever been offered, though Chapter Two of ''Rebels for the Cause'' (listed below) and [http://www.emiratesstadium.info/serv01.htm this webpage] present plenty of supporting evidence.</ref>
 
InPada tahun 1925, Arsenal appointedtelah the highly successfulmelantik [[Herbert Chapman]] assebagai managerpengurus pasukan. Chapman had wontelah thememenangi leagueliga withdengan [[Huddersfield Town A.F.C.|Huddersfield Town]] inpada tahun 1924 anddan 1925, anddan beliau hetelah broughtmembawa Arsenal theirkepada firstfasa periodpertama ofke majorarah successkegemilangan. HisBeliau revolutionarytelah tacticsmerevolusikan andtaktik training,dan alongsistem latihan, withbersama-sama stardengan playerspemain-pemain suchterkemuka asseperti [[Alex James (footballer)|Alex James]] anddan [[Cliff Bastin]], laidmeletakkan theasas foundationskepada ofdominasi thekelab club'stersebut dominationdalam ofbolasepak EnglishInggers footballpada intahun the 1930s1930-an. BetweenAntara tahun 1930 and 1938, Arsenal won thetelah Firstmenjuarai DivisionDivisi fivePertama timessebanyak andlima kali dan thepiala [[FA Cup]] twicedua kali, althoughmeskipun Chapman didtidak notsempat liveuntuk tomelihat seepencapaian allini ofkerana thesebeliau achievements,telah asmenghembuskan henafas diedterakhirnya ofakibat penyakit [[pneumonia]] inpada tahun 1934. InSebagai additiontambahan, Chapman wastelah reportedlydilaporkan behindtelah themengepalai 1932penamaan renamingsemula ofstesen the localtempatan [[London Underground]] station fromdari "Gillespie Road" tokepada "[[Arsenal tube station|Arsenal]]", makingpada ittahun the1932, onlymenjadikan Tubestesen stationitu tosebagai besatu-satunya stesen Tube namedyang specificallydinamakan aftersempena asebuah footballkelab clubbolasepak.
 
FollowingBerikutan thedengan suspensionpengantungan ofbolasepak Englishprofesional professionalInggeris football duringsemasa [[World War II]], Arsenal wontelah themenjuarai leagueliga inpada tahun 1948 anddan 1953 anddan thepiala FA Cup inpada tahun 1950. HoweverBagaimanapun, theirnasib fortunesmereka beganmulai to waneberubah; unablegagal tountuk attractmenarik playerspemain-pemain ofberkaliber theseperti samepemain-pemain calibrepada aszaman they30-an, hadkelab inini thetelah '30s,menghabiskan thezaman club1950-an spentand most1960-an ofmereka thedalam 1950skeadaan and 1960s in trophylesskekeringan mediocritytrofi. EvenHinggakan formerbekas [[England national football team|England]] captainkapten [[Billy Wright (footballer)|Billy Wright]] couldtidak mampu notuntuk bringmembawa thekejayaan clubkepada anykelab successini assebagai managerpengurus.
 
Era kegemilangan Arsenal's secondkedua successfulbermula eradengan beganperlantikan withmengejutkan theahli surprisefisioterapi appointmentkelab ofitu, clubiaitu [[physiotherapy|physiotherapist]] [[Bertie Mee]] assebagai managerpengurus inpada tahun 1966. AfterSelepas losingtewas twodalam dua perlawanan akhir piala [[League Cup]] finals,mereka theytelah wonmemenangi thepiala [[Inter-Cities Fairs Cup]], theirpiala firstEropah Europeanmereka trophy,yang inpertama pada tahun 1970. This wasIni followeddiikuti bydegan ankejayaan evenyang greaterlebih triumphmembanggakan: theirkejayaan firstberganda Leaguepertama anduntuk merangkul juara liga dan piala FA Cup [[the Double|double]] inpada tahun 1971. HoweverBagaimanapun, thedekad-dekad followingyang decadeberikutnya wastelah characteriseddicirikan bysebagai asiri-siri seriesyang ofhampir near missesmenang. Arsenal finishedberkedudukan assebagai Firstnaib Divisionjohan runners-upDivisi inPertama pada tahun 1973, losttewas threedalam FAtiga Cupperlawanan finalsakhir piala FA (1972, 1978 and 1980) anddan losttewas thedalam 1980perlawanan akhir piala [[Cup Winners' Cup]] final onatas [[penalty shootout (football)|penalties]] pada tahun 1980. TheKejayaan club'stunggal onlykelab successini duringpada thisera timeini wasadalah anpiala FA Cuppada win intahun 1979, withdengan akemenangan last3-minute2 3–2di victorysaat-saat overakhir perlawanan ke atas [[Manchester United F.C.|Manchester United]] that isyang widelyhingga regardedkini asdianggap asebagai classicklasik.
 
[[Image:Arsenal open top bus parade 2004.jpg|thumb|275px|right|Arsenal's players and fans celebrate their 2004 title win with an open-top bus parade]]
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