Perbezaan antara semakan "Parlimen United Kingdom"

Suatu sesi Parlimen dibawakan ke pengakhiran oleh sebuah prorogasi. Ada suatu upacara yang mirip dengan Pembukaan Negara, tetapi lebih kurang dikenali. Biasanya, Raja tidak secara peribadi menghadiri prorogasi upacara dalam Dewan Pertuanan; dia diwakili oleh Jawantankuasa Pertuanan. Sesi berikutnya Parlimen bermula di bawah tatacara seperti dijelaskan di atas, tetapi ia tidak semestinya harus melakukan suatu pilihanraya lagi pada seorang Penutur atau mengangkat sumpah allegiance afresh di permulaan pada sesetengah sesi yang mengikuti. Daripada itu, Pembukaan Negara Parlimen berlanjut secara terus. Untuk mencegahkan pembukaan suatu sesi baru pada peristiwa suatu kecemasan sewaktu istirehat musim panas panjang, Parlimen tidak lagi diprolog terdahulunya, tetapi hanya selepas kedua-dua Dewan telah bersambung pada musim gugur; Pembukaan Negara mengikut beberapa hari sahaja kemudian.
 
Tiap Parlimen datang pada akhirnyaberakhir, selepas beberapa sesi, sama ada oleh arahan Sovereign or byoleh effluxion of timewaktu, theyang formerpertama beingmenjadi morelebih commonumum inpada modernzaman timesmoden. ThePembubaran dissolutionParlimen ofdikesan Parliament is effected by theoleh Sovereign, alwayssentiasa ondengan thenasihat advicePerdana of the Prime MinisterMenteri. ThePerdana PrimeMenteri Ministerboleh maycuba seekmendapatkan dissolutionpembubaran becausekerana thewaktu timeitu isadalah politicallymengikut advantageouspolitik tomenguntungkan his or herpada partypartinya. IfJika thePerdana PrimeMenteri Ministerhilang losessokongan theDewan support of the House of CommonsRakyat, hedia mustharus eithersama resignada ormeletak seekjawatan dissolutionatau ofmencari Parliamentpembubaran toParlimen renewuntuk his ormembaharui hersemula mandatemandatnya.
 
OriginallyTerdahulunya theretiada washad nodiletakkan fixedpada limitjangka onpanjang the length of a ParliamentParlimen, but thetetapi [[Akta Triennial Act 1694]] setmeletakkan thejangka maximumpanjang durationmaksimum atke threetiga yearstahun. AsApabila thepilihanraya frequentsering electionsdianggap were deemed inconvenientmenyusahkan, the [[Septennial Act 1716]] extended the maximum to seven years, but the [[Parliament Act|Parliament Act 1911]] reduced it to five. During the [[World War II|Second World War]], the term was temporarily extended to ten years by Acts of Parliament. Since the end of the war the maximum has remained five years. Modern Parliaments, however, rarely continue for the maximum duration; normally, they are dissolved earlier. For instance, the [[Fifty-Second Parliament of the United Kingdom|52nd]], which assembled in 1997, was dissolved after four years.
 
Formerly, the demise of the Sovereign automatically brought a Parliament to an end, the Crown being seen as the ''{{lang|la|caput, principium, et finis}}'' (beginning, basis and end) of the body, but this is no longer the case. The first change was during the reign of William and Mary, when it was seen to be inconvenient to have no Parliament at a time when succession to the Crown could be disputed, and an act was passed that provided that a Parliament was to continue for six months after the death of a Sovereign, unless dissolved earlier. The [[Representation of the People Act 1867]] brought this arrangement to an end.
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