Perbezaan antara semakan "Parlimen United Kingdom"

== Fungsi legislatif ==
[[Fail:Palace of Westminster, London - Feb 2007.jpg|right|300px|thumb|Parlimen bertemu dengan [[Istana Westminster]].]]
LawsUndang-undang candapat bedibuat madeoleh byAkta Acts of theParlimen United Kingdom Parliament. WhileSementara ActsAkta candapat applydigunakan topada the whole of thekeseluruhan UK includingtermasuk Scotland, duedisebabkan topermisahan the continuing separation ofberlanjutan [[Scotsundang-undang lawScotland]] manybanyak ActsAkta dotidak notdigunakan apply topada Scotland anddan aresama eitherada matcheddisesuaikan bydengan equivalentAkta Actspersamaan thatyang applydigunakan topada Scotland alonesendiri oratau, sincesejak 1999, bymengikut legislationpenggubalan setundang-undang bydiletakkan theoleh [[ScottishParlimen ParliamentScotland]] relatingberkaitan todengan devolvedperkara-perkara mattersditurunkan.
 
ThisIni hastelah ledmembawakan topada whatapa isyang known as thedigelar [[West Lothian question]]: thekeadaan situationdi wheremana AP Westminster MPsuntuk forkawasan Scottishpilihanraya constituenciesScotland mayyang votetidak onakan legislationmempunyai thatkesan willlanjut have no direct effect onpada Scotland.
 
Undang-undang, dalam draf dibentuk sebagai bil, dapat diperkenalkan oleh mana-mana Dewan, tetapi bil biasanya dipekenalkan oleh seorang Menteri Mahkota. Suatu bil diperkenalkan oleh seorang Menteri digelar "Bil Kerajaan"; satu diperkenalkan oleh seorang lagi ahli digelar "[[Bil Ahli Peribadi]]". Suatu cara lain mengkategorikan bil melibatkan hal. Kebanyakan bil, melibatkan orang ramai, digelar "[[Bil Awam]]". Suatu bil yang cuba untuk memberikan hak istimewa pada seorang individu atau kumpulan kecil individu, atau sebauh lembaga digelarkan suatu pihak berkuasa tempatan, digelar "[[Bil Peribadi]]". Suatu Bil Awam yang memberikan hak peribadi (dengan secara yang Bil akan lakukan) digelar sebuah "[[Hybrid Bill]]".
Laws, in draft form known as bills, may be introduced by any member of either House, but usually a bill is introduced by a Minister of the Crown. A bill introduced by a Minister is known as a "Government Bill"; one introduced by another member is called a "[[Private Member's Bill]]". A different way of categorising bills involves the subject. Most bills, involving the general public, are called "[[Public Bill]]s". A bill that seeks to grant special rights to an individual or small group of individuals, or a body such as a local authority, is called a "[[Private Bill]]". A Public Bill which affects private rights (in the way a Private Bill would) is called a "[[Hybrid Bill]]".
 
Private Members' Bills make up the majority of bills, but are far less likely to be passed than government bills. There are three methods for an MP to introduce a Private Member's Bill. The Private Members' Ballot (once per Session) put names into a ballot, and those who win are given time to propose a bill. The [[Ten Minute Rule]] is another method, where MPs are granted ten minutes to outline the case for a new piece of legislation. Standing Order 57 is the third method, which allows a bill to be introduced without debate if a day's notice is given to the Table Office. [[Filibuster]]ing is a danger, as an opponent to a bill can waste much of the limited time allotted to it. Private Members' Bills have no chance of success if the current government opposes them, but they are used in moral issues: the bills to decriminalise [[homosexuality]] and [[abortion]] were Private Members' Bills, for example. Governments can sometimes attempt to use Private Members' Bills to pass things it would rather not be associated with. "Handout bills" are bills which a government hands to MPs who win Private Members' Ballots.
Pengguna awanama