Perbezaan antara semakan "Parlimen United Kingdom"

== Perhubungan dengan Kerajaan ==
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Kerajaan British bertanggung jawab terhadap Dewan Rakyat. Meskipun, tidak pun Perdan Menteri atau ahli-ahli Kerajaan dipilih oleh Dewan Rakyat. Daripada itu, Ratu meminta orang yang mostlebih likelymungkin tomengarah commandsokongan thesuatu supportkebanyakan ofdalam a majority in the HouseDewan, normallybiasanya theketua leaderparti ofterbesar thedalam largest party in the House ofDewan CommonsRakyat, tountuk formmembentuk asuatu governmentkerajaan. SoSupaya thatmereak theydapat maybertanggungjawab bepada accountableDewan to the Lower HouseBawah, thePerdana PrimeMenteri Ministerdan andkebanyakan most members of theahli [[Cabinet of theKabinet United Kingdom|CabinetKabinet]] areadalah membersahli of the House ofDewan CommonsRakyat. ThePerdana lastMenteri Primeterakhir Ministerdari toseorang beahli aDewan memberPertuanan of the House of Lords wasadalah [[Alec Douglas-Home|Alec Douglas-Home, 14th Earl of Home]], whoyang becamemenjadi PrimePerdana MinisterMenteri inpada 1963. To adhereUntuk tomematuhi thekonvensyen conventiondi underbawah whichmana hedia wastelah responsiblebertanggung tojawab thepada LowerDewan HouseBawah, hedia disclaimed his peerage and procured election to the House of Commons within days of becoming Prime Minister.
 
Governments have a tendency to dominate the legislative functions of Parliament, by using their in-built majority in the House of Commons, and sometimes using their patronage power to appoint supportive peers in the Lords. In practice, governments can pass any legislation (within reason) in the Commons they wish, unless there is major dissent by MPs in the governing party. But even in these situations, it is highly unlikely a bill will be defeated, though dissenting MPs may be able to extract concessions from the government. In 1976, [[Lord Hailsham]] created a now widely used name for this behaviour, in an academic paper called "[[elective dictatorship]]".
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