Perbezaan antara semakan "Konsonan bibir"

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'''Konsonan bibir''' adalah konsonan dimana satu atau kedua-dua bibir adalah [[manner of articulation|active articulator]]<!-- This wikilink would be better if it links to a specific section on the manner of articulation article. If you can find the proper section, please improve this link -->. This precludes [[linguolabial consonant|linguolabials]], dimana the tip of [[lidah]] reaches for the [[wiktionary:posterior|posterior]] side of the [[upper lip]] and which are considered [[coronal consonant|coronals]]. The two by far konsonan bibir terkenal ialah [[konsonan dwibibir|dwibibir]], diartikulasi dengan kedua-dua bibir, dan [[konsonan bibir-gusi|bibir-gusi]], articulated with the [[lower lip]] against the [[upper teeth]], bothkedua-duanya ofada which are present indalam [[EnglishPhonologi phonologyBahasa Inggeris|EnglishBahasa Inggeris]]. OtherKonsonan bibir lain termasuk labials include [[dentolabialkonsonan consonantbibir-gigi|dentolabialsbibir-gigi]], articulated with the upper lip against the [[lower teeth]], the reverse of labiodental.
The most common distribution between bilabials and labiodentals is the [[English language|English]] one, in which the [[stop consonant|stops]], {{IPA|[m]}}, {{IPA|[p]}}, and {{IPA|[b]}}, are bilabial and the [[fricative consonant|fricatives]], {{IPA|[f]}}, and {{IPA|[v]}}, are labiodental. [[Bilabial fricative]]s and the [[bilabial approximant]] do not exist in [[English language|English]], but do occur in many languages. For example, the [[Spanish language|Spanish]] consonant spelt ''b'' or ''v'' is pronounced as a [[voiced bilabial approximant]] between [[vowel]]s.
Lip rounding, or [[labialisation|labialization]], is a common [[approximant consonant|approximant]]-like [[Secondary articulation|co-articulatory]] feature. English {{IPA|/w/}} is a [[Voiced labio-velar approximant|voiced labialized velar approximant]], which is far more common than the purely [[labial approximant]]. In the [[languages of the Caucasus]] labialized [[dorsal consonant|dorsals]] like /kʷ/ and /qʷ/ are very common.
Very few languages, however, make a distinction purely between [[bilabial consonant|bilabials]] and [[labiodental consonant|labiodentals]], making "labial" usually a sufficient specification of a language's [[phoneme]]s. One language that does make such a distinction is [[EweBahasa language|Ewe]], having both kinds of fricatives, though the labiodentals are produced with greater articulatory force.
==Lack of labials==
While most languages make use of purely labial phonemes, a few generally lack them. Examples are [[TlingitBahasa language|Tlingit]], [[EyakBahasa language|Eyak]] (bothkedua-dua [[Na-Dene languages|Na-Dené]]), [[WichitaBahasa language|Wichita]] ([[Caddoan languages|Caddoan]]), and the [[Iroquoian languages]] except [[Cherokee language|Cherokee]]. All of these languages have seen labials introduced under the influence of English.
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