Perbezaan antara semakan "Statistik jenayah"

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(Mencipta laman baru dengan kandungan ''''Statistik jenayah''' cuba untuk memberikan ukuran statistik bagi jenayah dalam masyarakat. Disebabkan jenayah dilakukan secara rahsia, ukurannya kemungkinan...')
 
'''Statistik jenayah''' cuba untuk memberikan ukuran statistik bagi jenayah dalam masyarakat. Disebabkan jenayah dilakukan secara rahsia, ukurannya kemungkinannya tidak tepat.
 
Beberapa kaedah bagi mengukur jenayah wujud, termasuk banci isi rumah, rekod hospital dan insuran dan kompilasi oleh polis dan anggota penguat kuasa yang seumpama dengannya. Biasanya statistik jenayah adalah dari rekod rasmi, tetapi sesetengah jenayah kemungkinannya tidak dilaporkan kepada polis. Bancian umum kadang-kala dilakukan bagi menganggar jumlah jenayah yang tidak dilaporkan kepada pihak polis. Bancian sedemikian biasanya lebih tepat bagi menilai trend semasa. Bancian umum jarang menyelitupi semua jenayah, jarang menghasilkan statustik berguna bagi menghalang jenayah, sering kali mengabai jenayah terhadap kanak-kanak, dan tidak mengira pesalah yang dihadapkan ke sistem mahkamah.
Several methods for measuring crime exist, including household surveys, hospital or insurance records, and compilations by [[police]] and similar law enforcement agencies. Typically official crime statistics are the latter, but some offences are likely to go unreported to the police. Public surveys are sometimes conducted to estimate the amount of crime not reported to police. Such surveys are usually more reliable for assessing trends. Public surveys rarely encompass all crime, rarely procure statistics useful for local crime prevention, often ignore offences against children, and do not count offenders brought before the criminal justice system.
 
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Crime statistics are gathered and reported by many countries and are of interest to several international organizations, including [[Interpol]] and the [[United Nations]]. Law enforcement agencies in some countries, such as the FBI in the United States and the Home Office in England & Wales, publish [[crime index|crime indices]], which are compilations of statistics for various types of crime.
 
The U.S. has two major data collection programs, the [[Uniform Crime Reports]] from the FBI and the [[National Crime Victimization Survey]] from the Bureau of Justice Statistics. However, the U.S. has no comprehensive infrastructure to monitor crime trends and report the information to related parties such as law enforcement.<ref name=NRCUnderstanding>Committee on Understanding Crime Trends, [[U.S. National Research Council]]. (2008). ''Understanding Crime Trends: Workshop Report''. National Academies Press. [http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12472#toc Free full-text].</ref>
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==Nota==
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