Perbezaan antara semakan "Ekonomi United Kingdom"

tiada ringkasan suntingan
KDNK secara ringkasnya telah mencapai pertumbuhan 4% pada awal 1990an dan secara beransur merosot pada tahun-tahun berikutnya. Ekonomi yang mencapai kemuncak itu adalah sementara berbanding tahun-tahun sebelumnya seperti kadar yang dicapai 6.5% pada 1970 yang menujukkan pertumbuhan yang mampan.<ref>ONS figures, reproduced by the Local Government Association, "From Recession to recovery", Nov 2008, http://www.lga.gov.uk/lga/aio/1215871, accessed 13-05-09, p7</ref> Kadar pertumbuhan tahunan adalah secara purata 2.68% dari tahun 1992-2007 berdasarkan laporan IMF dengan sector kewangan menjadi penyumbang terbesar dalam pertumbuhan.
 
ThisKeadaan boomekonomi endedmelambung inberakhir 2008pada when2008 theapabila United Kingdom suddenlytiba-tiba enteredmemasuki asuatu [[LateKemelesetan 2000slewat recession2000an|recessionkemelesetan]] broughtdi aboutbawa by theoleh [[GlobalKrisis financialkewangan crisismerata ofdunia 2008–2009|globalkrisis financialkewangan crisismerata dunia]]. BeginningBermula withdengan the collapse ofkeruntuhan [[Northern Rock]], whichyang wasdiambil takenke intodalam [[publicpemilikan ownershipawam]] inpada FebruaryFebruari 2008, other banksbank hadlain toharus bemenjadi partlysparuh nationaliseddimiliknegarakan. The [[Royal Bank of Scotland Group]], whichyang atmana itsdi peakpuncaknya wasadalah thebank secondterbesar largestkedua bank in thedi UK anddan thekelima fifthterbesar largestdi indunia themengikut worldkapitalisasi bypasar, markettelah capitalisation,secara wasberkesan effectivelydimiliknegarakan nationalised onpada 13 OctoberOktober 2008, whenapabila theKerajaan British Government announcedmengumumkan itia wouldakan take a stake of up to 58% in the Group. By mid 2009, the HM Treasury had a 70.33% controlling shareholding in RBS, and a 43% shareholding through UK Financial Investments Limited of [[Lloyds Banking Group]], formerly the fifth largest banking group in the UK. This recession has seen unemployment rise substantially, from just over 1,600,000 in January 2008 [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7304330.stm] to nearly 2,500,000 in October 2009 [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/8415683.stm] yet less so when comapared to countries such as Germany, France or Spain.
 
The UK economy had been one of the strongest EU economies in terms of [[inflation]], [[interest rate]]s and [[unemployment]], all of which remained relatively low until the 2008-09 recession. Unemployment has since reached a peak of just under 2.5 million (7.8%), the highest level since early 1990s although this rate remains far lower than many other European nations. However, interest rates have been slashed to 0.5%. In 2007, according to the [[International Monetary Fund]], the United Kingdom had the ninth highest level of [[GDP per capita]] in the European Union in terms of purchasing power parity, after [[Luxembourg]], [[Ireland]], the [[Netherlands]], [[Austria]], [[Denmark]], [[Sweden]], [[Belgium]] and [[Finland]]. However, in common with the economies of other [[Anglosphere|English-speaking countries]], it has higher levels of [[income inequality]] than many European countries. During August 2008 the IMF warned that the UK economic outlook had worsened due to a twin shock: financial turmoil as well as rising commodity prices.<ref>[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/2008/CAR081108A.htm Twin Global Shocks Dent United Kingdom Outlook], IMF, August 11, 2008.</ref> Both developments harm the UK more than most developed countries, as the UK obtains revenue from exporting financial services while recording deficits in finished goods and commodities, including food.
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