Perbezaan antara semakan "Ekonomi United Kingdom"

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==IndustriesIndustri==
===AgriculturePertanian, huntingpemburuan, forestryperhutanan, anddan fishingpemancingan===
[[AgriculturePertanian]] isadalah [[intensivepertanian agricultureintensif|intensiveintensif]], highly [[mechanisedpertanian agriculturedijenterakan|mechaniseddijenterakan]] secara tinggi, anddan efficient by piawai [[EuropeEropah]]an standards, producingmenghasil aboutsekitar 60% ofdari foodkeperluan needsmakanan <ref name="ReferenceA">https://statistics.defra.gov.uk/esg/quick/agri.asp Defra agriculture statis;;;tics 2007</ref> with less than 2% of the labour force (477,000<ref name="ReferenceA"/> out of a total workforce of 31,598,000, 3rd quarter of 2007) <ref>http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/tsdataset.asp?vlnk=496&More=N&All=Y UK National Statistics Workforce Jobs</ref>.{{Citation needed|date=July 2007}} It contributes around 2% of [[Gross domestic product|GDP]].{{Citation needed|date=July 2007}} Around two-thirds of the production is devoted to [[livestock]], one-third to [[agronomy|arable]] crops.{{Citation needed|date=July 2007}} The main crops that are grown are wheat, barley, oats, oilseed rape, maize for animal feeds, potatoes and sugar beet. New
crops are also emerging, such as linseed for oil and hemp for fibre production.<ref>[http://66.102.9.104/search?q=cache:3aNPzGTeUyEJ:www.face-online.org.uk/resources/factsheets/discovering/britishfarming.pdf+UK+main+growing+crops+wheat,+barley,+oats,+potatoes,+sugar+beets&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=uk www.face-online.org.uk]</ref> Agriculture is subsidised by the European Union's [[Common Agricultural Policy]].
 
The [[Office_for_National_Statistics#The Blue Book|Blue Book]] 2006 (page 110) reports that the "Agriculture hunting, forestry and fishing" added gross value of £10,323 million (at 2006 prices) to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook>{{cite web |title=United Kingdom National Accounts The Blue Book 2006 |url=http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_economy/BlueBook2006.pdf |format=PDF|date=2006-08-22 |accessdate=2008-11-29}}</ref>
 
===ProductionPengeluaran===
[[Image:2005UK goods exports.PNG|thumb|right|UK exports of goods in 2005]]
====MiningPelombongan anddan quarryingpenggalian batu====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this sector added gross value of £21,876 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
====ManufacturingPerkilangan====
{{Main|ManufacturingPerkilangan in thedi United Kingdom}}
In 2003, manufacturing industry accounted for 16% of national output in the UK and for 13% of employment. This is a continuation of the steady decline in the importance of this sector to the British economy since the 1960s, although the sector is still important for overseas trade, accounting for 83% of exports in 2003. Manufacturing is an important sector of the modern British economy and there is a considerable amount of published research on the subject of the factors affecting its growth and performance
 
====ElectricityBekalan elektrik, gas and waterdan supplyair====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this sector added gross value of £17,103 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/> The United Kingdom is expected to launch the building of new nuclear reactors to replace existing generators and to boost UK's energy reserves<ref>''Britain moves a step closer to building new nuclear reactors'', [[Financial Times]], 9/01/2008</ref>.
 
====ConstructionPembinaan====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this industry added gross value of £64,747 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
===ServiceIndustri industriesperkhidmatan===
[[Image:2005UK services exports.PNG|thumb|right|UK exports of services in 2005]]
The [[service sector]] is the dominant sector of the UK economy, a feature normally associated with the economy of a developed country. This means that the Tertiary sector jobs outnumber the Secondary and Primary sector jobs.
This sector includes the motor trade, auto repairs, personal and household goods industries. The Blue Book 2006 reports that this sector added gross value of £127,520 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
====HotelsHotel anddan restaurantsrestoran====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this industry added gross value of £33,074 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/><!-- page 110 -->
 
====TransportAngkutan, storagesimpanan anddan communicationkomunikasi====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that the transport and storage industry added gross value of £49,516 million to the UK economy in 2004 while the communication industry added a gross value of £29,762 million.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
====FinancialPerantaraan intermediationkewangan====
[[Image:Broadgate aerial 1.jpg|thumb|right|[[City of London]] adalah [[Pusat kewangan antarabangsa|pusat kewangan]] terbesar di dunia.<ref name="London vs. New York">{{cite web|url=http://www.cincodias.com/articulo/mercados/Londres-versus-Nueva-York/20080901cdscdimer_3/cdsmer/|title=London vs. New York, 2005–06|format=PDF|publisher=Cinco Dias|accessdate=2008-03-11}}</ref>]]
 
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this industry added gross value of £86,145 million to the UK economy before adjustment of financial services valued at £50,165 million in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
====RealHarta estatetanah anddan lettingspenyewaan====
The UK property market boomed for the seven years up to 2008 and in some areas property trebled in value over that period. The increase in property prices had a number of causes: sustained economic growth, low interest rates, the growth in [[buy-to-let|property investment]], and [[planning permission|planning restrictions]] on the supply of new housing.
 
The paucity of finance available to homebuyers by the self-regulation of the banks following the collapse of the financial system in 2007 continues to contribute to a very much diminished demand for housing in the UK with sales volumes around half of the pre-crash level. With many sellers reluctant to drop their price, there is a chronic over-supply of housing on the market at prices in excess of demand (as of September 2009), leading to the average time on the market for residential property to be over 12 months (well above the long term trend). This situation has arisen partly because of the deferred repayment windows created by the government forcing the courts to delay possession orders. As the regulatory framework of the banks is in concordance with Basel II, then the demand for UK residential property is likely to remain very subdued in comparison to pre credit-crunch lending for many years to come. As the forced sellers in the market increase when the repayment deferrals cease, in combination with other forced sellers (death and divorce), many economists predict that the worst of the crash in UK residential property is yet to be realised. This is in keeping with other major economies that experienced rapid house price growth over the last decade; They have seen larger scale falls in prices that have yet to materialise in the UK, as of September 2009.
 
====PublicPetadbiran administrationawam anddan defencepertahanan====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this sector added gross value of £55,280 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
====EducationPendidikan====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this sector added gross value of £61,786 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
====HealthKesihatan anddan socialkerja worksosial====
The Blue Book 2006 reports that this sector added gross value of £75,817 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
====OtherPerkhidmatan socialsosial anddan personalperibadi serviceslain====
This sector includes value added by private households with employees and extraterritorial organisations. The Blue Book 2006 reports that this sector added gross value of £55,543 million to the UK economy in 2004.<ref name=bluebook/>
 
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