Perbezaan antara semakan "Statistik jenayah"

kemas
(kemas)
'''Statistik jenayah''' cuba untuk memberikan ukuran [[statistik]] bagi [[jenayah]] dalam masyarakat. Disebabkan jenayah lazimnya dilakukan secara rahsia, ukurannya kemungkinannya tidak tepat.
 
Beberapa kaedah bagi mengukur jenayah wujud, termasuk banci isi rumah, rekod hospital dan insuran dan kompilasi oleh polis dan anggota penguat kuasa yang seumpama dengannya. Biasanya statistik jenayah adalah dari rekod rasmi, tetapi sesetengah jenayah kemungkinannya tidak dilaporkan kepada polis. Bancian umum kadang-kala dilakukan bagi menganggar jumlah jenayah yang tidak dilaporkan kepada pihak polis. Bancian sedemikian biasanya lebih tepat bagi menilai trend semasa. Bancian umum jarang menyelitupi semua jenayah, jarang menghasilkan statustik berguna bagi menghalang jenayah, sering kali mengabai jenayah terhadap kanak-kanak, dan tidak mengira pesalah yang dihadapkan ke sistem mahkamah.
 
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Crime statistics are gathered and reported by many countries and are of interest to several international organizations, including [[Interpol]] and the [[United Nations]]. Law enforcement agencies in some countries, such as the FBI in the United States and the Home Office in England & Wales, publish [[crime index|crime indices]], which are compilations of statistics for various types of crime.
 
== Pengumpulan dan penyusunan data ==
==Data collection and organization==
Statistics are usually collected on:
*Offences - Breaches of the law
The U.S. has two major data collection programs, the [[Uniform Crime Reports]] from the FBI and the [[National Crime Victimization Survey]] from the Bureau of Justice Statistics. However, the U.S. has no comprehensive infrastructure to monitor crime trends and report the information to related parties such as law enforcement.<ref name=NRCUnderstanding>Committee on Understanding Crime Trends, [[U.S. National Research Council]]. (2008). ''Understanding Crime Trends: Workshop Report''. National Academies Press. [http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12472#toc Free full-text].</ref>
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== Nota ==
 
==Nota==
{{Reflist}}
 
*[http://www.disastercenter.com/crime/ United States: Uniform Crime Report -- State Statistics from 1960 - 2005]
*[http://www.brain-gain.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=59%3Aexperience-and-communication-as-factors-explaining-criminal-risk-perception&catid=56%3Acat-crime-perception&Itemid=92&lang=de Experience and Communication as explanations for Criminal Risk Perception]
 
[[Kategori:Bidang penggunaan statistik]]
[[Kategori:Data jenayah| ]]
[[Kategori:Penguatkuasaan undang-undang]]
 
[[de:Polizeiliche Kriminalstatistik (Deutschland)]]
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