Hans-Adam II, Putera Liechtenstein: Perbezaan antara semakan

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|honorific-prefix = <small>[[His Serene Highness]]</small><br />
| name = Hans-Adam II
| succession = [[Prince ofPutera Liechtenstein]]
| image = Fürst Hans-Adam II. von und zu Liechtenstein (cropped).jpg
| imgw = 200px
| reign = 13 November 1989 – presentsekarang<br>({{age in years and days|1989|11|13}})
| coronation =
| predecessor = [[Franz Joseph II, Prince ofPutera Liechtenstein|Francis Joseph II]]
| successor = [[Alois, HereditaryPutera Prince ofMahkota Liechtenstein|Hereditary Prince Alois]]
| suc-type = Heir apparentWarisan
| regent = [[Alois, HereditaryPutera Prince ofMahkota Liechtenstein|Hereditary Prince Alois]] (2004-)
| spouse = [[Marie, Princess ofPuteri Liechtenstein|Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau]]
| issue = [[Alois, HereditaryPutera Prince ofMahkota Liechtenstein]]<br>[[Prince Maximilian of Liechtenstein|Prince Maximilian]]<br>[[Prince Constantin of Liechtenstein|Prince Constantin]]<br>[[Princess Tatjana of Liechtenstein|Princess Tatjana]]
| house = [[PrincelyKeluarga Family ofDiraja Liechtenstein|House of Liechtenstein]]
| father = [[Franz Joseph II, Prince ofPutera Liechtenstein|Francis Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein]]
| mother = [[Countess Georgina von Wilczek]]
| birth_date = {{Birth date and age|1945|2|14|df=y}}
 
==Kuasa==
Putera [[Liechtenstein]] mempunyai kuasa budi bicara yang banyak; [[referendum]] diadakan untuk Hans-Adam menilai semula [[Perlembagaan Liechtenstein|constitution]] untuk menambahkan kuasa berperlembagaannya pada 2003.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2853991.stm Liechtenstein prince wins powers] BBC News Online, 16 March 2003. Retrieved 29 December 2006.</ref> Perubahan juga termasuk pilihan republik, di mana Putera dihalang secara rasmi daripada mem[[veto]] rang undang-undang untuk menubuhkan [[republik]]. Di samping itu hak untuk tidak lagi bernaung pada gereja yang diiktiraf [[Prinsipaliti]]. Hans Adam mengugut akan berpindah ke [[Austria]] jika referendum itu gagal. Walaupun dibangkang oleh [[Mario Frick (politician)|Mario Frick]], bekas [[perdana menteri]], referendum Putera telah dibuat oleh para pengundi.
 
Pada 15 August 2004, Putera Hans-Adam II telah menyerahkan kuasa membuat keputusan kerajaan kepada anaknya, [[Putera Alois dari Liechtenstein|Prince Alois]], sebagai satu langkah untuk menyerahkannya kepada generasi baru. Secara rasmi, Hans-Adam kekal sebagai [[Ketua Negara]].<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1066002.stm#leaders Country profile: Liechtenstein - Leaders] BBC News, 6 December 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2006.</ref>
 
Anak-anak mereka:
* [[Alois, Putera Mahkota Liechtenstein|Hereditary Prince Alois]] (l. Zürich, 11 Jun 1968) Baginda mengahwini [[Sophie, Puteri Mahkota Liechtenstein|Duchess Sophie in Bavaria]] pada 3 Julai 1993, 4 anak:
** Putera '''Joseph Wenzel''' Maximilian Maria of Liechtenstein, [[Count of Rietberg]] (lahir 24 Mei 1995 di [[London]])
** Puteri '''Marie-Caroline''' Elisabeth Immaculata of Liechtenstein, [[Countess of Rietberg]] (lahir 17 Oktober 1996 di [[Grabs]], [[Canton St. Gallen]], [[Switzerland]])
** Putera '''Georg Antonius''' Constantin Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (lahir 20 April 1999 di Grabs, Canton St. Gallen)
** Putera '''Nikolaus Sebastian''' Alexander Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (lahir 6 Disember 2000, di Grabs, Canton St. Gallen)
* [[Putera Maximilian of Liechtenstein|Prince Maximilian Nikolaus Maria]] (l. St Gallen, 16 Mei 1969) HeDia marriedmengahwini [[PrincessPuteri Angela of Liechtenstein|Angela Gisela Brown]] civillysecara insivil di Vaduz onpada 21 JanuaryJanuari 2000 anddan religiouslysecara inagama di [[Bandaraya New York City]], New York, in thedi [[Church ofGereja St. Vincent Ferrer (New York)]], onpada 29 JanuaryJanuari 2000, 1 childanak:
** PrincePutera '''Alfons''' Constantin Maria (bl. London, 18 MayMei 2001)
* PrincePutera Constantin Ferdinand Maria (bl. St Gallen, 15 March 1972), marriedkahwin civillysecara insivil di [[Vaduz]] onpada 14 MayMei 1999 anddan religiouslysecara inagama di ([[Cicov]]), [[Slovakia]], onpada 18 JulyJulai 1999 dengan Maria Gräfin Kálnoky von Köröspatak (bl. [[Graz]], 16 JulyJulai 1975),<ref>http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/kalnoky.html Countly House of Kálnoky</ref> 3 childrenanak:
** PrincePutera '''Moritz''' Emanuel Maria (bl. [[Bandaraya New York City]], [[New York]], 27 MayMei 2003)
** PrincessPutera '''Georgina''' Maximiliana Tatiana Maria (bl. [[Vienna]], 23 JulyJulai 2005)
** PrincePutera '''Benedikt''' Ferdinand Hubertus Maria (bl. [[Vienna]], 18 MayMei 2008)
* PrincessPuteri Tatjana Nora Maria (bl. St Gallen, 10 April 1973), marriedkahwin indi [[Vaduz]] onpada 5 JuneJun 1999 dengan Matthias Claus-Just Carl ''Philipp'' von Lattorff (bl. [[Graz]], 25 MarchMac 1968), 6 childrenanak:
** '''Lukas''' Marie von Lattorff (bl. [[Wiesbaden]], 13 MayMei 2000)
** '''Elisabeth''' Maria Angela Tatjana von Lattorff (bl. [[Grabs]], 25 JanuaryJanuari 2002)
** '''Marie''' Teresa von Lattorff (bl. [[Grabs]], 18 JanuaryJanuari 2004)
** '''Camilla''' Maria Katharina von Lattorf (bl. [[Monza]], 4 November 2005)
** '''Anna''' Pia Theresia Maria von Lattorf (bl. [[Goldgeben]], 3 AugustOgos 2007)
** '''Sophie''' Katharina Maria von Lattorf (bl. [[Goldgeben]], 30 OctoberOktober 2009)
 
[[File:Hans-Adam Prince of Liechtenstein (1974) by Erling Mandelmann.jpg|thumb|left|1974]]
InPada 1969, Hans-Adam graduatedlulus from thedaripada [[University ofUniversiti St. Gallen]] with a degreedengan inIjazah BusinessPendidikan andPerniagaan Economicdan StudiesEkonomi.
 
{{Infobox manner of address
| alternative = Sire
}}
The Prince is an honorary member of K.D.St.V. Nordgau Prag Stuttgart, a [[Catholic]] students' [[Fraternities and sororities|fraternity]] that is a member of the [[Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen]].
The Prince chairs the Advisory Council of the [[Liechtenstein Institute on Self-determination at Princeton University]], LISD. In his childhood he joined the [[Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Liechtensteins]] in Vaduz.<ref>[http://www.liechtenstein.li/eliechtenstein_main_sites/portal_fuerstentum_liechtenstein/fl-fueh-fuerstenhaus/fl-fueh-fuerstenfamilie/fl-fueh-fuerstenfamilie-hansadam2.htm Fürst Hans-Adam II.] Retrieved 29 January 2008.</ref> He is also a former member of the Vienese Scout Group "''Wien 16-Schotten''".<ref name="EBF">{{cite journal | last = Brósch-Fohraheim | first = Eugen | title =Schwedischer König als Pfadfinder in Wien-Zusammenkunft der "Weltpfadfinderstiftung" in Wien 2008|language = German | journal = 29 live| pages =21| date= October 2008}}</ref> He is a member of the [[World Scout Foundation]].<ref>[http://www.ppoe.at/wir/wsf_pressegespraech_fotos.html Seine Majestät Carl XVI Gustaf König von Schweden zu Gast in Wien] Retrieved 29 October 2008.</ref>
 
==Pandangan dan Buku==
Today he and his wife are patrons of Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Liechtensteins.
Prince Hans-Adam II pernah menulis sebuah buku ''The State in the Third Millennium'' (ISBN 9783905881042), yang diterbitkan pada akhir 2009. Di dalamnya, baginda mempertikaikan kepentingan [[negara bangsa]] sebagai aktor politik. Baginda membuat perbandingan [[demokrasi]] sebagai bentuk pemerintahan terbaik, seperti yang dilihat pada [[Gerakan Demokrasi China|China]] dan [[Rusia]] sebagai peralihan ke arah tersebut walaupun jalan yang akan dilalui adalah sukar untuk negara-negara ini. Baginda juga mengisytiharkan peranan dalam [[keluarga diraja]]hanya mendapat pengesahan dengan persetujuan rakyat. Dia menekankan bahawa kerajaan sepatutnya dihadkan kepada satu set tugas dan kebolehan yang kecil, baginda menulis bahawa rakyat "membebaskan negara dari tugas dan beban yang tidak perlu yang telah ditanggung sejak ratusan tahun lalu sehingga mengganggu tugas utama iaitu memastikan pelaksanaan undang-undang dan hubungan luar.”<ref name=state>{{citenews|url=http://www.hoover.org/multimedia/uncommon-knowledge/57561|title=H.S.H. Prince Hans-Adam II – The State in the Third Millennium|publisher=''[[Uncommon Knowledge]]''|date=November 22, 2010|accessdate=December 2, 2010}}</ref>
 
Dalam wawancara, yang dirakamkan pada November 2010, Hans-Adam berkata baginda melihat masalah dalam [[Perlembagaan Amerika Syarikat]], seperti kelemahan [[demokrasi langsung]]. Baginda juga berkata, "Saya duduk di sini dan itu kerana rakyat A.S. menyelamatkan kami pada [[Perang Dunia ke-2]] dan ketika [[Perang Dingin]]. Jadi saya amat berterima kasih kepada mereka."
He is the 1,305th [[Knight]] of the [[Order of the Golden Fleece]] in [[Austria]].
 
==Viewpoints and book==
Prince Hans-Adam II has written the political treatise ''The State in the Third Millennium'' (ISBN 9783905881042), which was published in late 2009. In it, he argues for the continued importance of the [[nation-state]] as a political actor. He makes the case for [[democracy]] as the best form of government, which he sees [[Chinese democracy movement|China]] and [[Russia]] as transitioning towards although the path will be difficult for these nations. He also declared his role in a [[royal family]] as something that has legitimacy only from the assent of the people. He stated that government should be limited to a small set of tasks and abilities, writing that people "have to free the state from all the unnecessary tasks and burdens with which it has been loaded during the last hundred years, which have distracted it from its two main tasks: maintenance of the rule of law and foreign policy.”<ref name=state>{{citenews|url=http://www.hoover.org/multimedia/uncommon-knowledge/57561|title=H.S.H. Prince Hans-Adam II – The State in the Third Millennium|publisher=''[[Uncommon Knowledge]]''|date=November 22, 2010|accessdate=December 2, 2010}}</ref>
 
In an interview, recorded in November 2010, Hans-Adam said that he saw certain problems with aspects of the [[U.S. Constitution]], such as the lack of [[direct democracy]]. He also said, "I am sitting here and that’s because Americans saved us during [[World War II]] and during the [[Cold War]]. So I am very grateful to them."
 
==Titles==
AccordingMenurut toundang-undang their House Lawsistana,<ref>[http://www.fuerstenhaus.li/en/fuerstenhaus/geschichte/hausgesetz.html Liechtenstein House Laws]</ref> thePutera Reigningyang Princebertakhta shallmestilah beardigelar thedengan titlegelaran:
:''ReigningYang Bertakhta [[Prince ofPutera Liechtenstein]], [[Duke of Troppau]] anddan [[Jägerndorf]], Count ofPenguasa [[Rietberg]], Sovereign of theKetua [[HouseKeluarga ofDiraja Liechtenstein]]''
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