Jorge Rafael Videla: Perbezaan antara semakan

tiada ringkasan suntingan
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
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'''Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo (1925- )''' telah dilahirkan pada 21 Ogos 1925 di [[Mercedes]], [[Buenos Aires]] dan adalah seorang bekas tentera dan ahli politik. Zaman pemerintahan beliau merupakan titik permulaan "Dirty War" iaitu era yang paling kejam sekali dalam sejarah Argentina. PerangNamun inibeliau dilancarkanterkenal di sebahagian besar AmerikaAmrika Selatan dengansebagai tujuanpakar membendungdalam gerakanstrategi Marxismeanti-komunisme yangantarabangsa telahdan menularmenerima dipujian benuadari ini.ahli Sewaktupolitik regimnyaberhaluan selamakanan 7Amerika tahunSyarikat, dianggarkan 10,000-30,000 rakyat Argentina telah lesaptermasuk angkara orangRonald bawahannyaReagan.
 
Beliau mendapat gelaran "bone" (tulang) atau "pink panther" sebab tubuhnya yang kurus. Videla bangkitrose to power amid Argentina's political and economic unrest in the early-to-mid 1970s.
Following the political instability that arose in the aftermath of [[Juan Perón]]'s death in [[1974]] and the subsequent presidency of his widow, the politically-inexperienced [[Isabel Perón]], Videla and other high ranking military officials staged a [[coup d'état]]. Isabel was deposed, and a three-man interim junta assumed the powers of the presidency. Two days later, on [[29 March]] [[1976]], Videla formally assumed the presidency, a post he would hold until [[29 March]], [[1981]].
 
His regime was known for its numerous disappearances of rivals and opponents, [[penculikan bayi Argentina|penculikan bayi]], and the harsh tortures inflicted during the [[Dirty War]]. He claimed to be fighting subversives such as the radical [[Marxist]] [[Montoneros]] and [[ERP]] guerrilla groups, but also said that the ''subversivos'' included people who had ideas contrary to Christian and Western civilization. "As many people as necessary must die in Argentina so that the country will again be secure," he declared in 1975 in support of a "death squad" known as the [[Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance]]. During the regime's 7-year rule, it is estimated that between 10,000-30,000 Argentineans were [[disappeared]], up to 500,000 went into exile, and several thousand more were detained and tortured at various secret prison camps. All legislative power was concentrated in the hands of a 9-man commission of junta members, and every single important position in the national government was filled with loyal military officers. The junta quickly banned labor unions, strikes, abolished the judiciary, and effectively removed civil liberties.
 
In [[Operation Condor]], a campaign of assassination and intelligence-gathering dubbed counter-terrorism, conducted by the security services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay in the mid-1970s, many people were tortured, disappeared and were killed without trial.
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