Perbezaan antara semakan "Jorge Rafael Videla"
tiada ringkasan suntingan
In [[Operation Condor]], a campaign of assassination and intelligence-gathering dubbed counter-terrorism, conducted by the security services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay in the mid-1970s, many people were tortured, disappeared and were killed without trial.
After democracy was restored in Argentina, Videla was among the generals convicted of human rights crimes, including "disappearances," tortures, murders and kidnappings. In 1985, Videla was sentenced to life imprisonment at the military prison of Magdalena.
But, on Dec. 29, 1990, amid rumblings of another possible military coup, President [[Carlos Menem]] pardoned Videla and other convicted generals. Many politicians considered the pardons a pragmatic decision of national reconciliation that menutup sejarah hitam era "Dirty War" dimana ramai nyawa terkorban.