Perbezaan antara semakan "Jorge Rafael Videla"

tiada ringkasan suntingan
Sebaik sahaja menjadi Presiden, beliau membubarkan Kongres dan memberi kuasa penggubalan undang-undang kepada suatu suruhanjaya militari yang terdiri dari sembilan orang. Disamping itu, Vadela menghentikan peranan mahkamah, parti-parti politik, dan kesatuan pekerja dan memenuhi jawatan-jawatan penting kerajaan dengan ahli tentera. Dalam masa seminggu, beliau menahan beratus-ratus rakyat yang disyaki gurila berhaluan kiri dan ini berterusan sewaktu pemerintahannya. Mangsa penahanan ini telah diberi panggilan "[[desaparecidos]]" dan dianggarkan antara 10,000 and 30,000 rakyat negara ini telah hilang secara misteri sewaktu pemerintahannya.
 
Namun demikian, beliau merupakan tonggak utama dalam membendung kegiatan [[Marxisme]] di Argentina. Videla terkenal sebagai seorang yang handal dalam [[strategi]] anti-komunisme antarabangsa. Walaupun beliau dikecam oleh [[Carter]] kerana melanggar [[hak asasi manusia]], berlainan pula dengan [[Ronald Reagan]] yang sememangnya anti-komunisme. Reagan bukan sahaja memuji Videla, malah memberi bantuan [[perisikan]] serta ketenteraan kepada beliau. Beliau merupakan orang utama dalam usaha membendung komunisme dan terlibat dalam [[Operasi Condor]], suatu kempen asasinasi dan pengumpulan perisikan menentang keganasan, yang melibatkan anggota keselamatan Argentina, [[Bolivia]], [[Brazil]], [[Chile]], [[Paraguay]], dan [[Uruguay]] pada pertengahan tahun 70an, dimana ramai orang diseksa, hilang dan dibunuh tanpa bicara.
power in 1976 General Jorge Rafael Videla began cleansing the Argentinian society. All political and union activities were suspended, wages were reduced by 60%, and dissidents were tortured by Nazi and US-trained military and police. like the military base Campo de Mayo where victims were stripped naked, shackled in groups and dragged aboard military planes. The planes were flow out over the Rio de la Plata or the Atlantic Ocean, where soldiers pushed the victims out of the planes and into the water to drown.
 
His regime was known for its numerous disappearances of rivals and opponents, [[penculikan bayi Argentina|penculikan bayi]], and the harsh tortures inflicted during the [[Dirty War]]. He claimed to be fighting subversives such as the radical [[Marxist]] [[Montoneros]] and [[ERP]] guerrilla groups, but also said that the ''subversivos'' included people who had ideas contrary to Christian and Western civilization. "As many people as necessary must die in Argentina so that the country will again be secure," he declared in 1975 in support of a "death squad" known as the [[Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance]]. During the regime's 7-year rule, it is estimated that between 10,000-30,000 Argentineans were [[disappeared]], up to 500,000 went into exile, and several thousand more were detained and tortured at various secret prison camps. All legislative power was concentrated in the hands of a 9-man commission of junta members, and every single important position in the national government was filled with loyal military officers. The junta quickly banned labor unions, strikes, abolished the judiciary, and effectively removed civil liberties.
 
== Kezaliman dalam regim Vadela ==
In [[Operation Condor]], a campaign of assassination and intelligence-gathering dubbed counter-terrorism, conducted by the security services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay in the mid-1970s, many people were tortured, disappeared and were killed without trial.
Regimnya terkenal dengan "kehilangan" individu, [[penculikan bayi Argentina|penculikan bayi]], dan penyeksaan yang melampau. Walaupun beliau mengaku bahawa peperangan "Dirty War" ini adalah terhadap puak subversif seperti puak radikal [[Marxist]] [[Montoneros]] dan gurila [[ERP]], beliau juga berkata bahawa ''subversivos'' ini termasuklah mereka yang menentang Kristian dan tamaddun barat. Namun ramai yang percaya mangsanya termasuk juga musuh-musuh peribadinya seperti [[aktivis]] hak asasi manusia, ahli parti pembangkang dan sesiapa jua yang menentangnya. Sewaktu pemerintahannya dianggarkan antara 10,000-30,000 rakyat Argentina telah hilang, lebih setengah juta dibuang negara dan beribu telah ditahan dan diseksa dibeberapa kem tahanannya.
 
Badan yang membantu melaksanakan kekejamannya ialah [["Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance"]]. Mereka menggunakan pelbagai cara untuk menyeksakan tahanan dan corak pembunuhan yang paling popular ialah dengan melemaskan tahanan. Di militari bes Campo de Mayo, tahanan akan dibogelkan dan dirantaikan bersama tahanan lain. Selepas itu mereka ditarik kedalam kepalterbang tentera yang akan terbang di atas sungai Rio de la Plata atau Lautan Atlantik, dan pihak tentera akan menolak mereka keluar dari kapalterbang kedalam laut supaya mereka mati lemas.
 
power in 1976 General Jorge Rafael Videla began cleansing the Argentinian society. All political and union activities were suspended, wages were reduced by 60%, and dissidents were tortured by Nazi and US-trained military and police. like the military base Campo de Mayo where victims were stripped naked, shackled in groups and dragged aboard military planes. The planes were flow out over the Rio de la Plata or the Atlantic Ocean, where soldiers pushed the victims out of the planes and into the water to drown.
His regime was known for its numerous disappearances of rivals and opponents, [[penculikan bayi Argentina|penculikan bayi]], and the harsh tortures inflicted during the [[Dirty War]]. He claimed to be fighting subversives such as the radical [[Marxist]] [[Montoneros]] and [[ERP]] guerrilla groups, but also said that the ''subversivos'' included people who had ideas contrary to Christian and Western civilization. "As many people as necessary must die in Argentina so that the country will again be secure," he declared in 1975 in support of a "death squad" known as the [[Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance]]. During the regime's 7-year rule, it is estimated that between 10,000-30,000 Argentineans were [[disappeared]], up to 500,000 went into exile, and several thousand more were detained and tortured at various secret prison camps. All legislative power was concentrated in the hands of a 9-man commission of junta members, and every single important position in the national government was filled with loyal military officers. The junta quickly banned labor unions, strikes, abolished the judiciary, and effectively removed civil liberties.
 
 
After democracy was restored in Argentina, Videla was among the generals convicted of human rights crimes, including "disappearances," tortures, murders and kidnappings. Videla left office in 1981, and in 1985, Videla was sentenced to life imprisonment at the military prison of Magdalena. The courts found him guilty of being responsible for 66 aggravated homicides, 306 kidnappings, 93 torturings and 26 robberies. In 1985, Videla was sentenced to life imprisonment at the military prison of Magdalena.
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