Perbezaan antara semakan "Sejarah fizik"

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{{BI|History of physics}}
Other important developments in Islamic science included the development of a strict science of citation, the isnad or "backing", and the development of a scientific method of open inquiry to disprove claims, the ijtihad, which could be generally applied to many types of questions. Significant progress in methodology was made, in particular using experiments to distinguish between competing scientific theories set within a generally empirical orientation.
===Medieval European contributions===
In the [[12th century]], the birth of [[medieval university]] and the rediscovery of the works of ancient philosophers through contact with the [[Arab]]s, during the process of [[Reconquista]] and the [[Crusades]], started an intellectual revitalization of Europe.