Perbezaan antara semakan "Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana"

kemas
(kemas)
{{Spanish name|López de Santa Anna|Pérez de Lebrón}}
{{Infobox President
{{Infobox Officeholder
| name = Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón
|name image = Santaanna1.JPG|thumbAntonio López de Santa Anna
|image = Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna c1853.png
| office = [[Presiden Mexico]]
|office = [[Presiden Mexico]]
| term_start1 = 1833
| term_end1 term_start = 2717 Januari,Mei 18351833
|term_end = 4 Jun 1833
| predecessor1 = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
| successor1 predecessor = [[MiguelValentín Gómez BarragánFarías]]
|successor = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
| term_start2 = 20 Mac, 1839
| term_end2 term_start1 = 1018 Julai,Jun 18391833
|term_end1 = 5 Julai 1833
| predecessor2 = [[Anastasio Bustamante]]
|predecessor1 = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
| successor2 = [[Nicolás Bravo]]
|successor1 = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
| term_start3 = 10 Oktober, 1841
| term_end3 term_start2 = 2627 Oktober, 18421833
|term_end2 = 15 Disember 1833
| predecessor3 = [[Francisco Javier Echeverría]]
|predecessor2 = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
| successor3 = [[Nicolás Bravo]]
|successor2 = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
| term_start4 = 4 Mac, 1843
| term_end4 term_start3 = 424 Oktober,April 18431834
|term_end3 = 27 Januari 1835
| predecessor4 = [[Nicolás Bravo]]
| successor4 predecessor3 = [[Valentín CanalizoGómez Farías]]
|successor3 = [[Miguel Barragán]]
| term_start5 = 4 Jun, 1844
|term_start4 = 20 Mac 1839
| term_end5 = 12 September, 1844
|term_end4 = 10 Julai 1839
| predecessor5 = [[Valentín Canalizo]]
|predecessor4 = [[Anastasio Bustamante]]
| successor5 = [[José Joaquín de Herrera]]
|successor4 = [[Nicolás Bravo]]
| term_start6 = 21 Mac, 1847
| term_end6 term_start5 = 210 April,Oktober 18471841
|term_end5 = 26 Oktober 1842
| predecessor6 = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
|predecessor5 = [[Francisco Javier Echeverría]]
| successor6 = [[Pedro María de Anaya]]
|successor5 = [[Nicolás Bravo]]
| term_start7 = 20 April, 1853
| term_end7 term_start6 = 94 Ogos,Mac 18551843
|term_end6 = 4 Oktober 1843
| predecessor7 = [[Manuel María Lombardini]]
| successor7 predecessor6 = [[MartínNicolás CarreraBravo]]
|successor6 = [[Valentín Canalizo]]
| birth_date = {{birth date|mf=yes|1794|02|21}}
|term_start7 = 4 Jun 1844
| birth_place = [[Xalapa, Veracruz]], [[Mexico]]
|term_end7 = 12 September 1844
| death_date = {{death date and age|mf=yes|1876|06|21|1794|02|21}}
|predecessor7 = [[Valentín Canalizo]]
| death_place = [[Mexico City]], [[Mexico]]
|successor7 = [[José Joaquín de Herrera]]
| spouse = Inés García<br /> Ma. Dolores de Tosta
|term_start8 = 21 Mac 1847
| party = Conservative-Liberal<br /> Konservatif
|term_end8 = 2 April 1847
|predecessor8 = [[Valentín Gómez Farías]]
|successor8 = [[Pedro María de Anaya]]
|term_start9 = 20 Mei 1847
|term_end9 = 15 September 1847
|predecessor9 = [[Pedro María de Anaya]]
|successor9 = [[Manuel de la Peña y Peña]]
|term_start0 = 20 April 1853
|term_end0 = 9 Ogos 1855
|predecessor0 = [[Manuel María Lombardini]]
|successor0 = [[Martín Carrera]]
|birth_date = {{birth date|df=yes|1794|2|21}}
|birth_place = [[Xalapa, Veracruz|Xalapa]], [[New Spain]]
|death_date = {{death date and age|df=yes|1876|6|21|1794|2|21}}
|death_place = [[Mexico City]], Mexico
|party = Liberal-Konservatif
|spouse = Inés García<br>Dolores de Tosta
|signature = Antonio López de Santa Anna signature.svg
}}
'''Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón''' (21 Februari 1794 – 21 Jun 1876),<ref>{{Handbook of Texas|id=SS/fsa29|name=SANTA ANNA, ANTONIO LÓPEZ DE}}</ref> lebih dikenali dengan nama '''Santa Anna'''<ref>{{Citation|last=Howe|first=Daniel Walker|title=What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815–1848|year=2007|publisher=Oxford Univ. Press|page=660|postscript=<!--none-->}}</ref> atau '''López de Santa Anna''', digelar "Napoleon dari Barat" adalah seorang pemimpin politik, jeneral dan presiden [[Mexico]] yang banyak mempengaruhi politik dan kerajaan awal Mexico dan Sepanyol. Santa Anna pertama kali berperang dalam mendapatkan [[Perang Kemerdekaan Mexico|kemerdekaan Mexico]] dari [[Sepanyol]]. Meskipun beliau bukanlah ''[[caudillo]]'' (pemimpin tentera) pertama dari Mexico, tetapi tergolong di dalam antara yang terawal.<ref>{{Citation|last=Long|first=Jeff|title=Duel of Eagles, The Mexican and U.S. Fight for the Alamo|year=1990|publisher=Quill|page=85|postscript=<!--none-->}}</ref> Beliau memegang jawatan sebagai [[jeneral]] atau presiden (atau kedua-duanya pada masa yang sama) pada beberapa ketika semasa tempoh pergolakkan karier beliau selama 40 tahun; beliau adalah presiden bagi Mexico sebanyak 11 kali yang berjumlah 22 tahun.
 
==Tahun-tahun awal==
'''Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón''' (21 Februari, 1794&nbsp;– 21 Jun, 1876),<ref>{{Handbook of Texas|id=SS/fsa29|name=SANTA ANNA, ANTONIO LÓPEZ DE}}</ref> sering kali dikenali sebagai '''Santa Anna'''<ref>{{cite book|last=Howe|first=Daniel Walker|title=What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815–1848|year=2007|publisher=Oxford Univ. Press|page=660}}</ref> atau '''López de Santa Anna''', seorang pemimpin politik [[Mexico]] yang memiliki pengaruh besar di dalam [[politik]] dan [[kerajaan]] awal Mexico dan Sepanyol. Beliau pertama kali mula melibatkan diri di dalam pertempuran mendapatkan [[Perang Kemerdekaan Mexico|kemerdekaan]] daripada [[Sepanyol]], meningkat ke pangkat [[jeneral]] dan [[presiden]] beberapa sepanjang 40-tahun karier beliau. Beliau merupakan Presiden Mexico sebanyak tujuh kali dalam sepanjang tempoh 22 tahun.
Santa Anna telah dilahirkan di [[Xalapa]], [[Veracruz]], [[New Spain|Nueva España]] ("New Spain"), pada 21 Februari 1794. Keluarga beliau adalah keturunan Sepanyol yang dihormati, dan beliau dan kedua orang tuanya, Antonio López de Santa Anna (yang mana pada satu ketika berkhidmat sebagai duta kecil di Veracruz) dan Manuela Pérez de Lebrón, yang berasal dari keluarga kelas pertengahan ''[[Criollo (orang)|criollo]]'' (''criollos'' adalah orang berketurunan Eropah tetapi dilahirkan di Amerika). Keluarga Santa Anna adalah cukup kaya bagi membolehkan beliau dihantar ke sekolah.
 
Pada bulan Jun 1810, Santa Anna yang berumur 16 tahun menyertai rejimen infantri Fijo de Veracruz sebagai seorang kadet – bertentangan dengan kehendak orang tua beliau, yang ingin melihat beliau menceburi karier dalam perniagaan.<ref>{{Citation|title=Tornel and Santa Anna: the writer and the caudillo, Mexico, 1795–1853|author=Fowler, Will|publisher=Greenwood Publishing Group|year=2000|isbn=9780313309144|page=20|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=ftOV3nd78KQC&pg=PA20}}</ref>
== Rujukan ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Bibliografi Rujukan==
===Nota kaki===
{{Reflist}}
 
===Bibliografi===
* {{citation|last=Edmondson|first=J.R.|title=The Alamo Story-From History to Current Conflicts|publisher=Republic of Texas Press|place=Plano, TX|isbn=1-55622-678-0|year=2000}}
* {{citation|last=Fowler|first=Will|title=Santa Anna of Mexico|dateyear=20072009|publisher=University of Nebraska Press|location=Lincoln, NE|isbn=97808032112099780803226388}}
* {{citation|last=Lord|first=Walter|author-link=Walter Lord|title=A Time to Stand|publisher=[[University of Nebraska Press]]|year=1961|location=Lincoln, NE|isbn=0803279027}}
 
== Bacaan lanjut ==
 
* {{es icon}} José Manuel Villalpando César, ''Las balas del invasor'', Miguel Angel Porrua; ISBN
* Roberts, Randy & Olson, James S., ''A Line in the Sand'', Simon & Schuster; ISBN
* Jackson, Jack & Wheat, John, ''Almonte's Texas'', Texas State Historical Assoc.; ISBN
* Anderson, Fred & Cayton, Andrew, ''The Dominion of War'', Viking Press; ISBN
* Borroel, Roger (2nd edition, 2002); ''The Texas Revolution of 1836'', La Villita Publications, ISBN 1-928792-09-X
* César, José Manuel Villalpando; ''Las balas del invasor'', Miguel Angel Porrua; ISBN {{es icon}}
* Crawford, Ann F.; ''The Eagle: The Autobiography of Santa Anna''; State House Press; ISBN
* Jackson, Jack & Wheat, John, ''Almonte's Texas'', Texas State Historical Assoc.; ISBN
* Mabry, Donald J., [http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?action=read&artid=159 “Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna”], 2 November 2008.
* Parkes, Henry Bamford. "A History of Mexico", Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA. 1938.
* Roberts, Randy & Olson, James S., ''A Line in the Sand'', Simon & Schuster; ISBN
* Santoni, Pedro; ''Mexicans at Arms-Puro Federalist and the Politics of War''; TCU Press; ISBN
* Borroel, Roger (2nd edition, 2002), ''The Texas Revolution of 1836'', La Villita Publications, ISBN 1-928792-09-X
* Fowler, Will, ''Santa Anna of Mexico'', University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-1120-1
* Parkes, Henry Bamford. "A History of Mexico", Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA. 1938.
* Suchlicki, Jaime. "Mexico: Montezuma to the Rise of Pan", Potomac Books: Washington DC, 1996.
* Mabry, Donald J., “Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna”, http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?artid=159&op=viewarticle, November 2, 2008.
 
== Pautan luar ==
*[http://texashistory.unt.edu/browse/subject/People/Individuals/Antonio_Lopez_de_Santa_Anna/ Santa Anna Letters on the ''Portal to Texas History'']
*[http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/SS/fsa29.html ''The Handbook of Texas Online:'' Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna]
*[http://www.lib.utexas.edu/benson/Mex_Archives/Santa_Anna.html Benson Latin American Collection – Antonio López de Santa Anna Collection]
*Sketch of [http://texashistory.unt.edu/widgets/pager.php?object_id=meta-pth-5828&recno=177&path=meta-pth-5828.tkl Santa Anna] from [http://texashistory.unt.edu/permalink/meta-pth-5828 ''A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879''], hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History].
*[http://www.archontology.org/nations/mex/mex2/santa_anna1.php ''Archontology.org, Home » Nations » Mexico » Heads of State » LÓPEZ de SANTA ANNA, Antonio'']
*[http://tides.sfasu.edu/AN18/SHHI_29.php?culture=2&chrono=5&index=0 Texas Prisoners in Mexico 3 August 1843] From [http://tides.sfasu.edu/ Texas Tides]
 
{{S-start}}
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/browse/subject/People/Individuals/Antonio_Lopez_de_Santa_Anna/ Santa Anna Letters on the ''Portal to Texas History'']
{{s-off}}
* [http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/SS/fsa29.html ''The Handbook of Texas Online:'' Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna]
{{S-bef|rows=4|before=[[Valentín Gómez Farías]]}}
* [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/benson/Mex_Archives/Santa_Anna.html Benson Latin American Collection - Antonio López de Santa Anna Collection]
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1833}}
* Sketch of [http://texashistory.unt.edu/widgets/pager.php?object_id=meta-pth-5828&recno=177&path=meta-pth-5828.tkl Santa Anna] from [http://texashistory.unt.edu/permalink/meta-pth-5828 ''A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879''], hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History].
{{s-aft|rows=3|after=[[Valentín Gómez Farías]]}}
* [http://www.archontology.org/nations/mex/mex2/santa_anna1.php ''Archontology.org, Home » Nations » Mexico » Heads of State » LÓPEZ de SANTA ANNA, Antonio'']
|-
* [http://tides.sfasu.edu/AN18/SHHI_29.php?culture=2&chrono=5&index=0 Texas Prisoners in Mexico August 3, 1843] From [http://tides.sfasu.edu/ Texas Tides]
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1833}}
|-
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1833}}
|-
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1834–1835}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Miguel Barragán]]}}
|-
{{S-bef|before=[[Anastasio Bustamante]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1839}}
{{s-aft|rows=2|after=[[Nicolás Bravo]]}}
|-
{{S-bef|before=[[Francisco Javier Echeverría]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1841–1842}}
|-
{{S-bef|before=[[Nicolás Bravo]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1843}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Valentín Canalizo]]}}
|-
{{S-bef|before=[[Valentín Canalizo]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1844}}
{{s-aft|after=[[José Joaquín de Herrera]]}}
|-
{{S-bef|before=[[Valentín Gómez Farías]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1847}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Pedro María de Anaya]]}}
|-
{{S-bef|before=[[Pedro María de Anaya]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1847}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Manuel de la Peña y Peña]]}}
|-
{{S-bef|before=[[Manuel María Lombardini]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Presiden Mexico]]|years=1853–1855}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Martín Carrera]]}}
{{S-end}}
 
{{MexPostIndPresidents}}
{{Persondata
|NAME= Lopez de Santa Anna, Antonio
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES= López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón, Antonio de Padua María Severino (SpanishSepanyol)
|SHORT DESCRIPTION= [[Presiden Mexico]]
|DATE OF BIRTH= 1794-02-21
|PLACE OF BIRTH= [[Xalapa, Veracruz]], [[Mexico]]
|DATE OF DEATH= 1876-06-21
|PLACE OF DEATH= [[Mexico City]], [[Mexico]]
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Lopez De Santa Anna, Antonio}}
 
[[Category:Kelahiran 1794]]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Lopez de Santa Anna, Antonio}}
[[Category:Kematian 1876]]
 
[[Category:Campur tangan Perancis di Mexico]]
[[Kategori:Kelahiran 1794]]
[[Kategori:Kematian 1876]]
[[Kategori:Presiden Mexico]]
[[Kategori:Timbalan Presiden Mexico]]
[[Kategori:Kemerdekaan Mexico]]
[[Kategori:Generalissimos]]
[[Kategori:Gabenor Veracruz]]
[[Kategori:Gabenor Yucatán]]
[[Kategori:Jeneral Mexico]]
[[Kategori:Tentera Mexico di dalam Perang Amerika-Mexico]]
[[Kategori:Calon presiden Mexico (1833)]]
[[Kategori:Orang dari Xalapa]]
[[Kategori:Orang dari Revolusi Texas]]
 
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[[zh:安东尼奥·洛佩斯·德·桑塔·安纳]]
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