== Perang Dunia II ==
Dengan [[Perjanjian Navy Washington]], [[angkatan laut dunia]] scaled back on their battleship arms race, with numerous ships on all sides scrapped or repurposed. With an extension, that treaty lasted until [], when the major navies of the world began a new build-up.
Famous ships like [[German battleship Bismarck|''Bismarck'']], [[USS Missouri|''Missouri'']], and the Japanese ''[[Japanese battleship Yamato|Yamato]]'' were all launched within the next few years in preparation for the coming of [[Perang Dunia II]].
In the early stages of the [[ Battle of the Atlantic (1940) |Battle of the Atlantic]], Germany's surface fleet threatened the Atlantic convoys, so the British battle fleet and carriers devoted themselves to seeking out and trying to destroy it. The German battleships and [[ pocket battleship]] s recorded early successes, such as when ''[[Scharnhorst]]'' and ''[[German battleship Gneisenau|Gneisenau]]'' surprised and sank the carrier [[HMS Glorious|HMS ''Glorious'']] in June []. When ''Bismarck'' sank the [[battlecruiser]] [[HMS Hood|HMS ''Hood'']], British Prime Minister [[Winston Churchill]] sent every element of the Royal Navy he could to sink it.
As it turned out, however, technology was overtaking the battleship. A battleship's big guns might have a range of twenty miles, but the [[kapal induk]] had aircraft with ranges of hundreds of miles, and [[radar]] was making those attacks ever more effective. The ''Bismarck'' was sunk a few days after it destroyed the ''Hood'', after being crippled by torpedo bombers from [[HMS Victorious|HMS ''Victorious'']] and [[HMS Ark Royal|HMS ''Ark Royal'']]. The Japanese bombing of [[Battle of Pearl Harbor|Pearl Harbor]] sank or damaged most of the U.S. Pacific Fleet's battleships, but the aircraft carriers were not in port and so escaped damage.
Six months later, it was those carriers that were to turn the tide of the Pacific War at the [[Battle of Midway]].
Battleships in the Pacific ended up primarily providing shore bombardment and anti-aircraft defense for the carriers. The largest battleships ever constructed,
[[Jepun]] ''[[ Japanese battleship Yamato|Yamato]]'' and ''[[ Japanese battleship Musashi|Musashi]]'', were destroyed by aircraft. The last German battleship ''[[Tirpitz]]'' survived until late into the war by hiding in [[Norway|Norwegian]] [[fjord]]s, but was eventually also sunk by aircraft.
In the final battleship versus battleship engagement in world history, the United States battleships [[USS South Dakota (BB-57)|''South Dakota'']] and [[USS Washington (BB-56)|''Washington'']] fought and destroyed the [[Japanese battleship Kirishima|''Kirishima'']] at [[Savo Island]].
Akibat perubahan teknologi, rancangan untuk kapal perang lebih besar,
the American [[Montana class battleship|''Montana'' class]] dan kelas Super Yamato Jepun, dibatalkan. Pada akhir perang, hampir kesemua kapal perang dunia dibersarakan atau dilupuskan.
== Selepas Perang Dunia II ==