Perbezaan antara semakan "Abu Ali Hasan Ibn Al-Haitham"

tiada ringkasan suntingan
k (masukkan infobox.)
* http://www.tutor.com.my/tutor/estidotmy/index.asp?y=2003&dt=0625&pub=ESTIDOTMY&sec=Saintis_Islam&pg=si_01.htm
 
==RujukanNotes==
{{reflistReflist|2}}
 
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|unused_data=|ISBN status=May be invalid – please double check
}}
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|author-link=A. I. Sabra
|year=1978b
|contribution=An Eleventh-Century Refutation of Ptolemy's Planetary Theory
|editor-last=Hilfstein
|editor-first=Erna
|editor2-last=Czartoryski
|editor2-first=Paweł
|editor-last3=Grande
|editor-first3=Frank D.
|title=Science and History: Studies in Honor of Edward Rosen
|pages=117–131
|series=Studia Copernicana
|volume=XVI
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*{{Citation
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|author-link=A. I. Sabra
|year=1981
|title=Theories of Light from Descartes to Newton
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|year=1998
|title=Configuring the Universe: Aporetic, Problem Solving, and Kinematic Modeling as Themes of Arabic Astronomy
|journal=Perspectives on Science
|volume=6
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|url=http://www.harvardmagazine.com/on-line/090351.html
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|title=[[Harvard Magazine]]
|date=October–December 2003
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|first1=James
|last2=Crookes
|first2=William
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|title=Introduction To The History of Science, Volume I: From Homer To Omar Khayyam
|year=1927
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|year = 2004
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|title=Alhacen's theory of visual perception: a critical edition, with English translation and commentary, of the first three books of Alhacen's De aspectibus, the medieval Latin version of Ibn al-Haytham's Kitab al-Manazir
|series = Transactions of the American Philosophical Society
|volume=91-4, 91-5
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|year=2001
|oclc=163278528 163278565 185537919 47168716
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|title=The Alhacenian Account Of Spatial Perception And Its Epistemological Implications
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|volume=15
|year=2005
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|doi=10.1017/S0957423905000184
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|last=Smith
|first=John D.
|date=1 March 1992
|title=The Remarkable Ibn al-Haytham
|journal=The Mathematical Gazette
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|title=In Memoriam: Matthias Schramm
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|title=Review: ''Ibn al-Haythams Weg zur Physik'' by Matthias Schramm
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|last=Topdemir
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|year=1999
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|last=Topdemir
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|year=2007a
|title=Kamal Al-Din Al-Farisi’s Explanation of the Rainbow
|journal=Humanity & Social Sciences Journal
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|issue=1
|pages=75–85
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|accessdate=2008-09-16
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|year=2007b
|date=July 18, 2007
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|last=Topdemir
|first=Hüseyin Gazi
|date=30 June 2008
|title=Taqi al-Din ibn Ma‘ruf and the Science of Optics: The Nature of Light and the Mechanism of Vision
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|date=August 1969
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|title=[[Encyclopaedia of Islam]]
|editor1-last=Bearman
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|editor3-last=Bosworth
|editor3-first=C. E.
|editor4-last=van Donzel
|editor4-first=E.
|editor5-last=Heinrichs
|editor5-first=W. P.
|publisher=Brill Publishers
|publication-place=Brill Online
|date=4 April 2008
|url=http://www.brillonline.nl/subscriber/entry?entry=islam_SIM-3195
|accessdate=2008-09-16
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|last=Wade
|first=Nicholas J.
|year=1998
|title=A Natural History of Vision
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|last=Wade
|first=Nicholas J.
|last2=Finger
|first2=Stanley
|year=2001
|title=The eye as an optical instrument: from camera obscura to Helmholtz's perspective
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|issue=10
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|accessdate = 2008-09-16
}}
 
{{Refend}}
 
==Further reading==
===Primary literature===
*{{Citation
|last=Sabra
|first=A. I., ed.
|author-link=A. I. Sabra
|title=The Optics of Ibn al-Haytham, Books I-II-III: On Direct Vision. The Arabic text, edited and with Introduction, Arabic-Latin Glossaries and Concordance Tables
|publisher=[[Kuwait]]: National Council for Culture, Arts and Letters
|year=1983
}}
*{{Citation
|last=Sabra
|first=A. I., ed.
|author-link=A. I. Sabra
|title=The Optics of Ibn al-Haytham. Edition of the Arabic Text of Books IV-V: On Reflection and Images Seen by Reflection. 2 vols
|publisher=Kuwait: The National Council for Culture, Arts and Letters
|year=2002
}}
*{{Citation
|last=Sabra
|first=A. I., trans.
|author-link=A. I. Sabra
|title=The Optics of Ibn al-Haytham. Books I-II-III: On Direct Vision. English Translation and Commentary. 2 vols
|series=Studies of the Warburg Institute, vol. 40
|publisher=The [[Warburg Institute]], [[University of London]]
|publication-place=[[London]]
|year=1989
|isbn=0-85481-072-2
|oclc=165564751 165564771 180528350 180528355 180528359 21530166 230045836 24910015 59836570
}}
*{{Citation
|last=Smith
|first=A. Mark, ed. and trans.
|title=Alhacen's Theory of Visual Perception: A Critical Edition, with English Translation and Commentary, of the First Three Books of Alhacen's ''De aspectibus'', the Medieval Latin Version of Ibn al-Haytham's ''Kitāb al-Manāzir'', 2 vols.
|journal=Transactions of the American Philosophical Society
|volume=91
|issue=4-5
|publication-place=[[Philadelphia]]
|year=2001
|isbn=0-87169-914-1
|publisher=[[American Philosophical Society]]
|location=Philadelphia
|oclc=47168716
}}
*{{Citation
|last=Smith
|first=A. Mark, ed. and trans.
|title=Alhacen on the Principles of Reflection: A Critical Edition, with English Translation and Commentary, of Books 4 and 5 of Alhacen's ''De Aspectibus'', the Medieval Latin version of Ibn-al-Haytham's ''Kitāb al-Manāzir'', 2 vols
|journal=Transactions of the American Philosophical Society
|volume=96
|issue=2–3
|publication-place=Philadelphia
|year=2006
|isbn=0-87169-962-1
|publisher=American Philosophical Soc.
|location=Philadelphia
|oclc=123464885 185359947 185359957 219328717 219328739 70078653
}}
 
===Secondary literature===
* Graham, Mark. ''How Islam Created the Modern World''. Amana Publications, 2006.
*{{Citation
|last=Omar
|first=Saleh Beshara
|title=Ibn al-Haytham and Greek optics: a comparative study in scientific methodology
|publisher=PhD Dissertation, [[University of Chicago]], Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
|date=June 1975}}
*{{Citation
|last=Saliba
|first=George
|author-link=George Saliba
|title=Islamic Science and the Making of the European Reneissance
|year=2007
|publisher=[[MIT Press]]
|isbn=0-262-19557-7
}}
* Belting, Hans, ''Afterthoughts on Alhazen’s Visual Theory and Its Presence in the Pictorial Theory of Western Perspective'', in: Variantology 4. On Deep Time Relations of Arts, Sciences and Technologies In the Arabic-Islamic World and Beyond, ed. by Siegfried Zielinski and Eckhard Fürlus in cooperation with Daniel Irrgang and Franziska Latell (Cologne: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, 2010), pp. 19–42. [http://www.buchhandlung-walther-koenig.de/cat/kwb_45_variantology_4/pid_170000000000790428.aspx]
* Siegfried Zielinski & Franziska Latell, ''How One Sees'', in: Variantology 4. On Deep Time Relations of Arts, Sciences and Technologies In the Arabic-Islamic World and Beyond, ed. by Siegfried Zielinski and Eckhard Fürlus in cooperation with Daniel Irrgang and Franziska Latell (Cologne: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, 2010), pp. 19–42. [http://www.buchhandlung-walther-koenig.de/cat/kwb_45_variantology_4/pid_170000000000790428.aspx]
 
==External links==
* {{cite encyclopedia | editor = Thomas Hockey et al | last = Langermann | first = Y. Tzvi | title=Ibn al‐Haytham: Abū ʿAlī al‐Ḥasan ibn al‐Ḥasan | encyclopedia = The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers | publisher = Springer | year = 2007 | location = New York | pages = 556–7 | url=http://islamsci.mcgill.ca/RASI/BEA/Ibn_al-Haytham_BEA.htm | isbn=978-0-387-31022-0}} ([http://islamsci.mcgill.ca/RASI/BEA/Ibn_al-Haytham_BEA.pdf PDF version])
* {{cite encyclopedia | last = Sabra | first = A. I. | title=[http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2830901904.html Ibn Al-Haytham, Abū ʿAlī Al-Ḥasan Ibn Al-Ḥasan] | encyclopedia = [[Dictionary of Scientific Biography|Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography]] | publisher = Encyclopedia.com | origyear=1970–80 | year = 2008 }}
* [http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jbourj/money4.htm Ibn al-Haytham on two Iraqi banknotes]
* [http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001412/141236E.pdf The Miracle of Light – a UNESCO article on Ibn al-Haytham]
* [http://www.malaspina.org/alhazen.htm Biography from Malaspina Global Portal]
* [http://www.amaana.org/ISWEB/contents.htm#pos9 Short biographies on several "Muslim Heroes and Personalities" including Ibn al-Haytham]
* [http://graphicstandards.org/alhazens_problem Multimedia artwork based on Alhazen's Problem]
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/htmlContent.jhtml?html=/archive/1997/04/01/ngre01.html Report by the Telegraph of a modern day solution of Alhazen's problem]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/19991013041615/http://www.ionet.net/~usarch/WTB-Services/MiddleEast/WTB-ME-Thinkers-IbnAlHaitham.shtml Biography from ioNET via the Wayback Machine]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20060211032459/http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/alhazen.shtml Biography from the BBC via the Wayback Machine]
* [http://www.trincoll.edu/depts/phil/philo/phils/muslim/alhazen.html Biography from Trinity College (Connecticut)]
* [http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/optics/timeline/people/alhazen.html Biography from Molecular Expressions]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7810846.stm The First True Scientist] from BBC News
* [http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=46128&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html Over the Moon] From The UNESCO Courier on the occasion of the International Year of Astronomy 2009
*[http://hos.ou.edu/galleries//03Medieval/Alhazen/ Online Galleries, History of Science Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries] High resolution images of works by Alhazen in .jpg and .tiff format.
* [http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200703/rediscovering.arabic.science.htm, Richard Covington, ''Rediscovering Arabic Science'', 2007, Saudi Aramco World]
 
{{Islamic astronomy}}
{{Islamic mathematics}}
{{Islamic philosophy}}
{{Islamic medicine}}
 
<!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]] -->
{{Persondata
|NAME = al-Haytham, Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Alhacen; Alhazen; al-Basri
|SHORT DESCRIPTION = Scientist
|DATE OF BIRTH = 965
|PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Basra]], [[Islamic Empire]]
|DATE OF DEATH = c. 1040
|PLACE OF DEATH = [[Cairo]], [[Egypt]]
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Al-Haytham}}
[[Category:965 births]]
[[Category:1039 deaths]]
[[Category:Scientific method]]
[[Category:Natural philosophers]]
[[Category:Medieval Islamic astronomers]]
[[Category:Medieval Iraqi astronomers]]
[[Category:Astronomers of medieval Islam]]
[[Category:Medieval Islamic mathematicians]]
[[Category:Medieval Iraqi mathematicians]]
[[Category:10th-century mathematicians]]
[[Category:11th-century mathematicians]]
[[Category:Medieval Arab philosophers]]
[[Category:Iraqi philosophers]]
[[Category:Medieval engineers]]
[[Category:Iraqi engineers]]
[[Category:Medieval Iraqi physicians]]
[[Category:Medieval Persian physicians]]
[[Category:Iranian scientists]]
[[Category:Iraqi scientists]]
[[Category:People from Basra]]
[[Category:Philosophers of science]]
[[Category:Arab scholars]]
[[Category:Islamic philosophers]]
[[Category:Medieval physicists]]
[[Category:Muslim scholars]]
[[Category:Precursors of photography]]
[[Category:Scientists who worked on Qibla determination]]
[[Category:Physicians of medieval Islam]]
[[Category:Mathematicians of medieval Islam]]
[[Category:Iraqi Shi'a Muslims]]
[[Category:11th-century astronomers]]
 
{{Link FA|ar}}
 
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[[he:איבן אל-היית'ם]]
[[jv:Ibnu Haitam]]
[[ka:იბნ ალ-ჰაისამი]]
[[ky:Ибн ал-Хэйсам]]
[[lb:Alhazen]]
[[ml:ഇബ്‌നു ഹൈത്തം]]
[[ms:Abu Ali Hasan Ibn Al-Haitham]]
[[nl:Alhazen]]
[[ja:イブン・アル・ハイサム]]
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[[pt:Alhazen]]
[[ro:Alhazen]]
[[ru:Ибн ал-Хайсам]]
[[sc:Alhazen]]
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[[simple:Alhazen]]
[[sl:Ibn al-Haitam]]
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[[ckb:ئیبن ئەلھەیسەم]]
[[sh:Ibn al-Haitam]]
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[[sv:Alhazen]]
[[th:อิบุน อัล-ฮัยษาม]]
[[tr:İbn-i Heysem]]
[[uk:Ібн ал-Хайсам]]
[[ur:ابن الہیثم]]
[[zh:海什木]]
 
 
[[Kategori:Kaedah saintifik]]