Perbezaan antara semakan "Mali"

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'''Republik Mali''' ([[bahasa Perancis]]: ''République du Mali'') adalah sebuah [[negara]] yang tiada pinggir pantai atau lautan dan terletak di [[Afrika Barat]], sebelumnya merupakan jajahan [[Perancis]]. Negara terbesar kedua di Afrika Barat ini berbatasan dengan [[Aljazair]] di sebelah [[utara]], [[Niger]] di timur, [[Burkina Faso]] dan [[Côte d'Ivoire]] di selatan, [[Guinea]] di barat daya, serta [[Mauritania]] di barat. Sempadan kawasannya di sebelah utara memanjang ke tengah gurun [[Sahara]]. Majoriti penduduknya tinggal di wilayah selatan, di mana terdapat Sungai [[Sungai Niger|Niger]] dan [[Sungai Senegal|Senegal]]. Negara yang dahulunya bernama [[Sudan Perancis]] ini mengambil namanya daripada [[Empayar Mali]].
 
Ada beberapa daripada sumber semulajadi Mali adalah [[Emas|emas]], [[Uranium|uranium]], [[Ternakan|ternakan]], dan [[Garam|garam]]. Kira-kira separuh daripada populasi Mali hidup di bawah [[Garis kemiskinan antarabangsa|garis kemiskinan antarabangsa]] AS$1.25 sehari.<ref>[http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDI_2008_EN_Tables.pdf ''Human Development Indices''], Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009</ref>
 
 
 
==Notakaki==
 
{{reflist|colwidth=30em}}
 
 
 
==Bibliografi==
 
*{{cite book | last = Campbell| first = Bonnie | title = Regulating Mining in Africa: For Whose Benefit? | publisher=Nordic African Institute | year = 2004 | location = Uppsala, Sweden | isbn = 978-0-7614-7571-2 }}
 
*{{cite book | last = Cavendish | first = Marshall | title = World and Its Peoples: Middle East, Western Asia, and Northern Africa | publisher=Marshall Cavendish | year = 2007 | location = Tarrytown, New York | isbn = 978-0-7614-7571-2 }}
 
* [http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/CAFRAD/UNPAN002746.pdf Constitution of Mali]. {{fr icon}} A student-translated [http://confinder.richmond.edu/admin/docs/Mali.pdf English version] is also available.
 
*{{cite book | last = DiPiazza | first = Francesca Davis | title = Mali in Pictures | publisher=Learner Publishing Group | year = 2006 | location = Minneapolis, Minnesota | id = | isbn = 978-0-8225-6591-8 }}
 
* Hudgens, Jim, Richard Trillo, and Nathalie Calonnec. ''The Rough Guide to West Africa''. [[Rough Guides]] (2003). ISBN 1-84353-118-6.
 
* [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Mali.pdf Mali country profile]. [[Library of Congress]] [[Federal Research Division]] (January 2005). ''This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the [[public domain]].''
 
* {{cite book | last = Martin | first = Phillip L. | title = Managing Migration: The Promise of Cooperation | publisher=Lexington Books | year = 2006 | location = Lanham, Maryland | isbn = 978-0-7391-1341-7 }}
 
*{{cite book | last = May | first = Jacques Meyer | title = The Ecology of Malnutrition in the French Speaking Countries of West Africa and Madagascar | publisher=Macmillan Publishing Company | year = 1968 | location = New York, New York | isbn = 978-0-02-848960-5 }}
 
* Milet, Eric & Jean-Luc Manaud. ''Mali''. Editions Olizane (2007). ISBN 2-88086-351-1. {{fr icon}}
 
* Pye-Smith, Charlie & Rhéal Drisdelle. ''Mali: A Prospect of Peace?'' Oxfam (1997). ISBN 0-85598-334-5.
 
* Velton, Ross. ''Mali''. Bradt Travel Guides (2004). ISBN 1-84162-077-7.
 
 
 
==Pautan luar==
 
{{sisterlinks|Mali}}
 
*{{Official website|http://www.primature.gov.ml}}
 
*{{CIA World Factbook link|ml|Mali}}
 
*[http://ucblibraries.colorado.edu/govpubs/for/mali.htm Mali] from ''UCB Libraries GovPubs''
 
*{{dmoz|Regional/Africa/Mali}}
 
*[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13881370 Mali profile] from the [[BBC News]]
 
*{{wikiatlas|Mali}}
 
*{{wikitravel}}
{{Kesatuan Afrika}}
{{Afrika}}
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