Daerah Gangnam: Perbezaan antara semakan

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Daerah ini mula dikenali dengan adanya pertunjukan [[Gangnam Style]] yang dinyanyikan oleh [[PSY]].
<!--'''Gangnam District''' ('''Gangnam-gu''', 강남구; 江南區) is one of the 25 ''[[Administrative Divisions of South Korea|gu]]'' (local government districts) which make up the city of [[Seoul]], [[South Korea]]. '''Gangnam''' (강남; 江南 {{IPA-ko|kaŋnam}}) is literally "South of the (Han) River". As of the 2010 census, Gangnam District had a population of 527,641,<ref name="kosispop"/> making it the 4th most populated district in Seoul. Gangnam District is the third largest district in Seoul with an area of 39.5&nbsp;km<sup>2</sup>.
Until the early 1980s Gangnam and its neighboring areas had remained the least developed in Seoul, but prodigious development over the last 30 years has earned it a reputation of being one of the most affluent, dynamic, and influential areas in both Seoul and South Korea as a whole.<ref name="koreajoongangdaily.joinsmsn.com">{{cite web|title=Gangnam has ‘Style’ and so much more|url=http://koreajoongangdaily.joinsmsn.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2961810|work=Korea JoongAng Daily|accessdate=5 December 2012}}</ref>
Gangnam is one of three ''[[Administrative Divisions of South Korea|gu]]'' that make up the [[Gangnam (3 Districts)|Greater Gangnam Area]] along with neighboring [[Seocho District]] and [[Songpa District]]. Combined, these three ''gu'' cover approximately 120&nbsp;km<sup>2</sup> land and had a population of 1,567,881 as of 2010, making up 20% of the area and 15% of the population of Seoul.
The Gangnam District office has designated two smoke-free zones within the district. The section of Gangnam Boulevard between exit No.2 of [[Gangnam Station]] of [[Seoul Subway Line 2]] and exit No.5 of [[Sinnonhyeon Station]] of [[Seoul Subway Line 9|Line 9]]. The second being the 836-meter (914-yard) section of sidewalk along Yeongdong Boulevard from exit No.5 of [[Samseong Station]] on [[Seoul Subway Line 2|Line 2]], outside [[COEX Convention & Exhibition Center]] and [[ASEM Tower]] of the [[COEX]] complex.<ref>{{cite news|last=Kwon|first=Sang-soo|title=City designates area by COEX as smoke-free|url=http://koreajoongangdaily.joinsmsn.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2959317|accessdate=5 October 2012|newspaper=Joongang Daily|date=12 September 2012}}</ref>-->
{{main|Administrative divisions of Gangnam District}}
Gangnam District is composed of 22 dong (neighborhoods)
* [[Apgujeong]]
* [[Cheongdam-dong|Cheongdam]]
* [[Daechi-dong|Daechi 1]]
* [[Daechi-dong|Daechi 2]]
* [[Daechi-dong|Daechi 4]]
* [[Dogok-dong|Dogok 1]]
* [[Dogok-dong|Dogok 2]]
* [[Gaepo-dong|Gaepo 1]]
* [[Gaepo-dong|Gaepo 2]]
* [[Gaepo-dong|Gaepo 4]]
* [[Irwon-dong|Irwon 1]]
* [[Irwon-dong|Irwon 2]]
* [[Irwon-dong|Irwon bon]]
* [[Nonhyeon-dong, Seoul|Nonhyeon 1]]
* [[Nonhyeon-dong, Seoul|Nonhyeon 2]]
* [[Samseong-dong|Samseong 1]]
* [[Samseong-dong|Samseong 2]]
* [[Segok-dong|Segok]]
* [[Sinsa-dong|Sinsa]]
* [[Suseo-dong|Suseo]]
* [[Yeoksam-dong|Yeoksam 1]]
* [[Yeoksam-dong|Yeoksam 2]]
[[File:Teheran road.jpg|thumb|180pxl_Korea_daytime.jpg|[[Teheranno]] or Teheran Road, a 3.7km long street with a heavy concentration of office buildings]]
Both the Greater Gangnam Area and Gangnam itself are widely known for its heavily concentrated wealth and high standard of living, which has been compared to cities such as [[Beverly Hills, California]].<ref name="cnngo">{{cite web
| url = http://www.cnngo.com/seoul/play/interview-psy-gangnam-style-posers-and-hysterical-little-boy-285626 | title = Interview: PSY on 'Gangnam Style,' posers and that hysterical little boy | last = Cha | first = Frances | date = 17 August 2012 publisher = CNN | accessdate = 2012-09-22 |quote = I've heard it said that Gangnam is the Beverly Hills of Korea. But I would say that Gangnam is the capital of Seoul, which, of course, is the capital of Korea.}}</ref> The most significant indicator is its extremely expensive real estate. Seoul as a whole is already known for its expensive house prices and as of 2011, its average apartment costs approximately US$5,500 per m<sup>2</sup>, but the average price in Gangnam is almost twice as high, roughly US$10,000 per m<sup>2</sup>, which is 3.5 times the nationwide average.<ref>{{cite news|title=강남아파트 1채 팔면 보성군에서 25채 산다 (in Korean)|url=http://news.inews24.com/php/news_view.php?g_menu=022700&g_serial=559470|accessdate=2012-09-05|work=inews24|date=23 March 2011}}</ref> As for land value, a mere 40&nbsp;km<sup>2</sup> land of Gangnam district rivals with the entire land value of the city of [[Busan]], the second largest city in South Korea. Combined with the neighboring districts of [[Seocho]] and [[Songpa]], Greater Gangnam Area account for almost 10% of land value of the entire country.<ref>{{cite news|title=서울시 강남구 땅값, 부산시 전체와 비슷|url=http://biz.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2011/09/18/2011091801100.html|accessdate=28 June 2012|newspaper=Chosun Ilbo|date=July 2011}}</ref>
While Seoul's traditional business centers such as [[Jung District, Seoul|Central District]], [[Jongno District]], [[Yongsan District]] and [[Yeongdeungpo District]] still maintain their leading roles, Gangnam and its neighboring districts have fast become the new core across all areas of business over the last few decades. [[KOSPI|KOSPI 200]] companies based in Gangnam district include [[Korea Electric Power Corporation|KEPCO]], [[GS Group]], [[Hyundai Department Store Group]], [[Jinro|HITEJinro]], [[Hansol]], [[Hankook Tire]], [[GLOVIS]] and Korea Zinc Corporation. Besides, [[POSCO]] also operates POSCO Center in [[Teheranno|Teheran Valley]], and [[KT&G]] operates Kosmo Tower. Other notable companies based in Gangnam include [[Dongbu Fire|Dongbu Fire Insurance]], [[Young Poong Group]], [[T'way Airlines]] and [[Hankook P&G]]. Gangnam is also home to many [[Information technology|IT]] and other internet-related companies including [[NC Soft]] and [[Pandora TV]], and is also one of strong hubs of the country's financial and banking sectors. Many international companies also operate key offices in Gangnam, including [[Google]], [[IBM]], [[Toyota]], and [[American Megatrends|AMI]]. Major entertainment companies like [[SM Entertainment]] and [[JYP Entertainment]] are also based in Gangnam. Residential areas in Gangnam are known to be home to a large number of elected officials and celebrities.
===Economic development===
Until the early 1980s Gangnam and its neighboring areas had remained the least developed in Seoul, but a prodigious development over the last 30 years has earned it a reputation of being one of the most affluent, dynamic, and influential areas in both Seoul and South Korea as a whole.<ref name="koreajoongangdaily.joinsmsn.com"/>
In addition, the [[COEX Convention & Exhibition Center]] in Gangnam recently hosted several international conferences such as the [[2010 G-20 Seoul summit|2010 G-20 summit]] and the [[2012 Nuclear Security Summit]].<ref name="koreatimes1">Cho Jin-seo. [http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2010/07/123_69053.html "Seoul unveils G20 summit's symbol,"] ''Korea Times'' (ROK). July 8, 2010; retrieved 10 Nov 2010.</ref><ref>[http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2012/03/26/2012032601079.html "Seoul Nuclear Security Summit Gets Underway Monday"] ''Chosun Ilbo''. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-26</ref>
South Korea is known for its high standard of education and intense competition for university entrance, and Gangnam is considered as the national capital of education, which is one of the decisive factors to make Gangnam the most attractive destination in South Korea. In 2010, roughly 6% of the successful candidates to [[Seoul National University]], which is considered as the best university in South Korea, were from Gangnam district, while Gangnam's population makes up only 1% of the country's.<ref>{{cite news|title=The number of SNU entrants in 2010, sorted by regions (in Korean) |url=http://www.newsprime.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=121762|accessdate=26 September 2012|newspaper=Prime Economy|date=4 February 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=The number of SNU entrants from Seoul in 2010, sorted by districts (in Korean)|url=http://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/society/2010/02/03/0706000000AKR20100203175800004.HTML?audio=Y|accessdate=26 September 2012|newspaper=Yonhap News|date=3 February 2010}}</ref> In 2008, 22.7 out of 1,000 students in Gangnam district went abroad to study, while the nation's average ratio in the same time frame was only 3.6 per 1,000 students.<ref>{{cite news|title=지역 간 유학률 격차 커져 … 강남구 1000명당 23명 최고 |url=http://article.joinsmsn.com/news/article/article.asp?total_id=4556378&ctg=1201|accessdate=26 September 2012|newspaper=Yonhap News|date=20 October 2010}}</ref>
Several popular shopping and entertainment areas are located in Gangnam District, including [[Apgujeong]], the [[COEX Mall]] and the area around [[Gangnam Station]], [[Garosugil]], and [[Cheongdam-dong]]. The important business district around [[Teheranno]] (Tehran Street) runs east-west from Gangnam Station to [[Samseong Station]] and the [[COEX Convention & Exhibition Center]]-[[Korean World Trade Center]] complex.
* [[Gangnam Station]]
* [[Seolleung and Jeongneung tombs]]
* [[Kimchi Field Museum]]
* [[Trade Tower]]
* [[COEX Mall]]
* [[COEX Aquarium]]
* [[Kukkiwon]] (World [[Taekwondo]] Headquarters)
* [[Korea City Air Terminal]]
* [[Simone Handbag Museum]]
* [[Bongeunsa|Bongeun Temple]], close to COEX Mall<ref>[http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/shortcuts/2012/oct/25/gangnam-style-seouls-most-exclusive-neighbourhood]</ref>
* [[Dosan Park]]
* Metasequoia Road
* Nonhyun Furniture Road
* [[Yangjae Stream]]
Gangnam District is served by [[Seoul Subway Line 2]], [[Seoul Subway Line 3]], [[Seoul Subway Line 7]], [[Seoul Subway Line 9]], [[Bundang Line]] and the [[Sin Bundang Line]].
* [[Korail]]
;*[[Bundang Line]]
;;; ([[Seongdong-gu]]) ← Apgujeongrodeo – [[Gangnam-gu Office Station|Gangnam-gu Office]] – [[Seonjeongreung Station|Seonjeongreung]] – [[Seolleung Station|Seolleung]] — [[Hanti Station|Hanti]] — [[Dogok Station|Dogok]] — [[Guryong Station|Guryong]] — [[Gaepo-dong Station|Gaepo-dong]] — [[Daemosan Station|Daemosan]] — [[Suseo Station|Suseo]] → ([[Songpa-gu]])
* [[Seoul Metro]]
;*[[Seoul Subway Line 2]] Euljiro Circle Line
;;;([[Songpa-gu]]) ← [[Samseong Station|Samseong]] — [[Seolleung Station|Seolleung]] — [[Yeoksam Station|Yeoksam]] — [[Gangnam Station|Gangnam]] → ([[Seocho-gu]])
;*[[Seoul Subway Line 3]]
;;;([[Seongdong-gu]]) ← [[Apgujeong Station|Apgujeong]] — [[Sinsa Station|Sinsa]] → ([[Seocho-gu]]) ← [[Maebong Station|Maebong]] — [[Dogok Station|Dogok]] — [[Daechi Station|Daechi]] — [[Hangnyeoul Station|Hangnyeoul]] — [[Daecheong Station|Daecheong]] — [[Irwon Station|Irwon]] — [[Suseo Station|Suseo]] – ([[Songpa-gu]])
* [[Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation]]
;*[[Seoul Subway Line 7]]
;;;([[Gwangjin-gu]]) ← [[Cheongdam Station|Cheongdam]] — [[Gangnam-gu Office Station|Gangnam-gu Office]] — [[Hak-dong Station|Hak-dong]] — [[Nonhyeon Station|Nonhyeon]] → ([[Seocho-gu]])
* [[Seoul Subway Line 9|Metro 9 corporation]]
;*[[Seoul Subway Line 9]]
;;;([[Seocho-gu]]) ← [[Sinnonhyeon Station|Sinnonhyeon]]
There are several festivals held in Gangnam District.
* International Peace Marathon Festival in October
* Gangnam Fashion Festival in October
* Sports Festival for residents in Gangnam Distinct in May
* Daemosan Festival
Following the [[anti-American sentiment in Korea|anti-American protests]] in Seoul in the early 2000s, the local authorities in the Gangnam District have organized various cultural and sporting events, such as the International Peace Marathon, jointly with the [[United States Forces Korea]]. In 2009 they were awarded a 'special prize' by the US army for promoting cultural exchanges with American troops.<ref>{{cite web|title=Gangnam-gu Promotes Further Exchanges with USFK|url=http://global.gangnam.go.kr/global/bbs/selectBoardArticle.do?bbsId=BBSMSTR_000000000092&nttId=382&menuNo=110058&lang=en|publisher=Gangnam-gu|accessdate=19 November 2012}}</ref><ref name=wp20121207>{{cite web|last=Fisher|first=Max|title=Gangnam Nationalism: Why Psy’s anti-American rap shouldn’t surprise you|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2012/12/07/gangnam-nationalism-why-psys-anti-american-rap-shouldnt-surprise-you/|work=The Washington Post|accessdate=8 December 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.army.mil/article/88427/American_troops_participate_in_Gangnam_Marathon|title=American troops participate in Gangnam Marathon|work=The Official Homepage of the United States Army|accessdate=28 Decemeber 2012}}</ref>
==Popular culture==
* Several subway stations in Gangnam and nearby areas were used as filming locations for the 2012 Hollywood film ''[[The Bourne Legacy (film)|The Bourne Legacy]]'', the fourth installment in the [[Bourne (film series)|Bourne film series]].<ref>{{cite news|title='Bourne Legacy' Puts Seoul on Hollywood Radar|url=http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2012/06/28/2012062801089.html|accessdate=28 June 2012|newspaper=Chosun Ilbo|date=28 June 2012}}</ref>
* The 2012 [[K-pop]] song "[[Gangnam Style]]" by South Korean entertainer [[PSY (entertainer)|PSY]] was inspired by and shot in the Gangnam District.<ref>{{cite news|title='Gangnam Style' Goes Viral|url=http://english.seoul.go.kr/gtk/news/reports_view.php?idx=18883|accessdate=5 September 2012|date=5 September 2012}}</ref> After the release of the music video, and its popularity, international awareness of the district increased. Gangnam's prosperity and its purported trendiness are the topics of the song. In the music video, PSY can be seen dancing on top of the [[ASEM Tower|Asem]] building with the [[Trade Tower]] in background. The two buildings are part of [[World Trade Center Seoul]] (WTC Seoul), also known as COEX.<ref>{{cite news|title=There is no gangnam district in Gangnam style music video|url=http://news.mk.co.kr/newsRead.php?year=2012&no=584891|accessdate=|language=Korean|newspaper=MK News|date=12 September 2012}}</ref>
==Sister cities==
{{Unreferenced section|date=May 2009}}
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Buyeo County|Buyeo]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|People's Republic of China}} [[Chaoyang District, Beijing|Chaoyang District]], [[Beijing]], [[People's Republic of China|China]]
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Cheorwon]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Ganghwa County|Ganghwa]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Gapyeong]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Icheon]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Jinju]], [[South Gyeongsang]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|United States}} [[Riverside, California|Riverside]], [[California]], [[United States]]<ref>{{cite web | url = http://www.riversideca.gov/mayor/international.asp | title = Riverside California Office of the Mayor | accessdate = 2012-10-09}}</ref>
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Sinan, South Jeolla|Sinan]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Tongyeong]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|Belgium}} [[Woluwe-Saint-Pierre]], [[Belgium]]
* {{flagicon|South Korea}} [[Yeongju]], [[South Korea]]
* {{flagicon|People's Republic of China}} [[Zhongshan District, Dalian|Zhongshan District]], [[Dalian]], [[People's Republic of China|China]]
* {{flagicon|Canada}} [[Fredericton, New Brunswick|Fredericton]], [[New Brunswick]], [[Canada]]
<!-- How can it have so many sister cities within its own country? [[User:Marx01|Marx01]] -->
<!--==See also==
{{Commons category|Gangnam-gu, Seoul}}
* [[List of districts of Seoul]]
* [[Administrative divisions of Gangnam District]]
* [[Real Estate in South Korea]]
* [[Gangnam (3 Districts)]]-->
==Pautan luar==
* [http://www.gangnam.go.kr/portal/main/main.do Gangnam-gu website]
* [http://english.gangnam.go.kr/05_tour/sub06_01.jsp Gangnam-gu > Tourism / Culture > Maps (Gangnam-gu maps)]
* {{ko}} [http://www.gangnam.go.kr/kor/intro/intro02_03_06.jsp#05 Map, status quo and origin of dong names of Ganganam-gu]
* [http://www.businessinsider.com/inside-seouls-district-of-gangnam-gu-2012-9?op=1 "Tour The Ritzy Seoul District That Inspired Viral Hit 'Gangnam Style'", photoessay at BusinessInsider.com, September 20, 2012]
[[Kategori:Daerah di Korea Selatan]]