Perbezaan antara semakan "Rayy"

29 bait ditambah ,  7 tahun lalu
tiada ringkasan suntingan
== Sejarah dan kebudayaan ==
{{Lihat juga|Rey, Iran, sebagai objektif ketenteraan}}
Bandar ini dianggarkan berusia lebih 5 ribu tahun, dan dibina di zaman [[Medes|Empayar Medes]]. Ia dikenali pada Zaman Klasik sebagai Rhagae. Ia disebut beberapa kali dalam buku ''Apocrypha'' Kitab [[Bible]]. Namanya berasal sebelum zaman Medes. Sesetengah ahli sejarah menganggap bangunannya berpunca daripada raja mitologi kuno, manakala sebahagian yang lain pulpula mempercayai Ray merupakan bekas pusat dinasti seorang pemimpin [[Majusi]].
 
Ray memiliki lebih banyak tugu-tugu bersejarah daripada banyak bandar-bandar kuno. Antaranya tugu tersebut ialah kota Gebri yang berusia 3,000 tahun, bukit Cheshmeh Ali (5,000 tahun), makam Bibi Shahr Banoo yang berusia 1,000 tahun dan ''karavansarai'' Shah Abbasi. Ia merupakan tempat kediaman tonggaktokoh sains zaman lampau seperti [[Abu Bakar Muhammad bin Zakaria al-Razi|Zakaria al-Razi]].
 
Bandar Rayy mengalami kerosakan teruk berikutan penaklukan [[Mongol]] dan lama kelamaan ia kehilangan kedudukannya kepada [[Tehran]] yang terletak berdekatannya.
*'''Menara Toghrol: '''
 
Struktur seni bina ini ditegakkan pada tahun 1140 ekoran perintah Toghrol selepas beliau memindahakan ibu kotanya dari Neyshabour ke Ray semasa zaman pemerintahan [[SaljukSeljuk]]. Menara setinggi 20 meter dan permukaan luarannya dibahagikan kepada 24 bahagian. Selain daripada menampilkan kecantikan dan daya ketahanan, bahagian-bahagian ini juga melambangkan cakerawala dan sukatan masa (24 jam , sehari semalam).
 
*'''''Karavansarai''''' '''Shah Abbasi:'''
 
Satu daripada kompleks perumahan dan perdagangan kuno yang digunakan sebagai rumah persinggahan oleh para peniaga dan terletak berdekatan [[Bazar]]. Terdapat empat beranda dan dikelilingi oleh batu bata, tempat ini dahulunya digunakan sebagai pasar perniagaan oleh para peniaga.
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*'''Bazar Ray:'''
Located to the north of [[Shah-Abdol-Azim]]'s shrine, which comprises two sections and a crossroad is formed at their intersection. It has long been a center for the sale of spices, traditional herbs, and commercial goods which were imported by traders via the [[Silk Road]]. The structure of the [[bazaar]] is constructed from plaster, brick, raw mud brick and mud. It dates back to the [[Safavid]] era and is approximately 500 years old.
 
*'''Anyanaj Tower: '''
An octagonal tower known as Naqareh Khaneh stands on the slopes of Tabarak mountain. A cellar is linked to the tower from underneath though a vestibule erected outside. The tower, which is constructed by stone and plaster and decorated by brickwork and zigzag vaults, dates back to the [[Seljuq dynasty|Saljuk]]Seljuk era.
 
*'''Gebri Crypt: '''
[[ZoroastriansMajusi]] lived in this area, who used to leave the corpses of the dead in the open air. According to their traditions, once the flesh had decayed, the remaining bones would be buried. The ancient [[Zoroastrians]]Majusi disapproved of contaminating the earth with a corpse through regular burial, or contaminating fire through cremation (An afront to Armaiti and Asha respectively). Gebri crypt was built as a high circular structure, six meters high, which was constructed by stone and mortar. It dates back to the 1st millennium BCE, around 3,000 years ago and was earlier called by different names, such as Khamoushan tower, Ostvaran, Ostkhan-ran, Marg (Death) tower and Sokout (Silence) tower.
 
*'''Paintings of Monarchs on Ashkan Mountain: '''
At the order of [[Fath Ali Shah]] Qajar, a slide was erected on the Ashkan mountain as a sliding and recreation tool for the monarchic family. At the southern slopes of the mountain, a rough image of the [[Sassanid]] kings has been carved on a rock, which was leveled for this purpose. The image was left incomplete. Later at the order of [[Fath Ali Shah]] the image was erased to be replaced by his own portrait, while he had a crown on head and a spear in hand targeted at a lion.
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== Orang terkenal yang lahir di Shahr-e-Rey ==
*[[Rhazes]] @ [[Ar-razi]]
*[[Alireza Dabir]]
 
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== Rayy hari ini ==
Ray today has been absorbed into the [[Greater Tehran]] metropolitan city. It is connected via the [[Tehran Metro]] to the rest of [[Tehran]] and has many industries and factories in operation. Limited excavations of what was not bulldozed were begun in 1997 in collaboration with the [[Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organisation]] (ICHTO), the Department of Archaeological Sciences of the [[University of Bradford]] and the Department of Archaeology of the [[University of Tehran]] .
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== Lihat juga ==
*[[Perkuburan Shah-Abdol-Azim]]