Perbezaan antara semakan "Keton"

44 bait ditambah ,  12 tahun lalu
tiada ringkasan suntingan
 
 
== Nomenclature ==
[[image:Acetone-structural.png|150px|right|thumb|[[Aseton]], the simplest ketone]]InSecara generalumum, ketonesketon aredinamakan namedmenggunakan usingkebiasaan [[IUPAC (''nomenclature]]'') bydengan changingmenukarkan the suffixakhiran ''-e'' ofkepada the parentkeluarga [[alkane]] tokepada ''-one''. Bagi Forketon common ketonesbiasa, somesesetengah traditionalnama namestradisi such asseperti [[acetone]] anddan [[benzophenone]] predominatedigunakan secara meluas, anddan thesenama areini considereddianggap retainednama IUPAC namesdikekalkan {{Ref|IUPAC}}, although somesungguhpun introductorysesetengah chemistryteks textsawalan usekimia namesmenggunakan suchnama asseperti 2-propanone oratau propanone.
 
==Ciri-ciri Fizikal==
AKumpulan carbonylkarbonyl group isadalah [[molekul polar molecule|polar]]. This makes ketones [[polar compound]]s. The carbonyl groups interact with water by [[hydrogen bond]]ing. It is a hydrogen-bond acceptor, but not a hydrogen-bond donator, and cannot hydrogen-bond to itself. This makes ketones more volatile than [[alcohol]]s and [[carboxylic acid]]s of similar [[molecular weight]].
 
==Ciri-ciri Spektroscopik ==
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