Perbezaan antara semakan "Philip Pullman"

302 bait ditambah ,  13 tahun lalu
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== Sudut pandangan falsafah dan keagamaan ==
Pullman ialah Penyokong Unggul [[Persatuan Humanis British]] dan Ahli Bersekutu Kehormat [[Persatuan Sekular Nasional]].
Pullman is a Distinguished Supporter of the [[British Humanist Association]] and an Honorary Associate of the [[National Secular Society]].
 
TheBuku-buku ''His"Bahan-bahan DarkTersembunyinya" Materials''menjadi booksinti haveperbalahan, beenkhususnya atdi thekalangan heartsesetengah of controversy, especially with certainkumpulan [[Christianity|ChristianKristian]], groups. Some,termasuk includingjuga [[Peter Hitchens]], claimyang thatmendakwa hebahawa activelybeliau pursuessedang anmengejar agenda anti-ChristianKristian agendasecara aktif. <ref>{{cite web|url=http://home.wlv.ac.uk/~bu1895/hitchens.htm|title='ThisInilah ispenulis theyang mostpaling dangerousberbahaya author indi Britain'|accessdate=2006-09-21|author=Hitchens, Peter|format=MailMel onrencana Sunday article|publisherAhadpublisher=The Mail on Sunday}}</ref> ProponentsPara ofpenyokong thispandangan viewini citemenyebut therencana-rencana criticalkritisnya articlesyang heditulisnya hasmengenai written regardingsiri '[[C.Babad S. LewisNarnia]]'' seriesyang ditulis oleh ''[[TheC. ChroniclesS. of NarniaLewis]]'' (whichyang Pullman denouncesmengutuk as religioussebagai [[propaganda]] keagamaan), anddan thepenggambaran usually"Gereja" negativeyang portrayalbiasanya ofbersifat thenegatif "Church" indalam ''[[Bahan-bahan Tersembunyinya]]" (''His Dark Materials]]'').
 
TheKedua-dua twosiri seriesitu havemempunyai somesetakat resemblance.persamaan, Bothiaitu featurekedua-duanya childrenmenonjolkan facing[[kanak-kanak]] adultmenghadapi pilihan moral choicesdewasa, talking[[dongeng animalsteladan]], religious[[alegori]] allegorieskeagamaan, paralleldunia-dunia worldsselari, anddan concernkebimbangan theterhadap ultimatenasib fatemuktamad ofkedua-dua thosedunia worldstersebut. The first publishedBuku ''Narnia'' bookpertama yang diterbitkan, ''[[Singa, Perempuan Sihir, dan Almari Pakaian]]'' (''The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe]]''), beginsbermula withdengan aseorang youngbudak girlperempuan hidingmenyembunyikan indiri adi wardrobedalam almari pakaian, asserupa doesdengan the firstbuku ''HisCahaya-cahaya Dark MaterialsUtara'' book, (''Northern Lights'' (publishedyang asditerbitkan sebagai ''TheKompas Golden CompassKeemasan'' indi theAmerika USSyarikat)., buku Pullman'spertama criticismdalam ofsiri the''Bahan-bahan NarniaTersembunyinya''. booksKritikan isPullman sharedterhadap bybuku-buku someNarnia liberaldikongsi commentatorsoleh suchsesetengah pengulas liberal asseperti [[Polly Toynbee]]. <ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,2763,1657759,00.html|title='Narnia representsmewakili everythingsetiap thatperkara isyang mostpaling hatefuldibenci abouttentang religionagama'|accessdate=2006-09-21|author=Toynbee, Polly|format=Guardian article|publisher=[http://www.guardian.co.uk/ The Guardian]}}</ref>
 
Some,Sesetengah orang includingtermasuk Hitchens againlagi, have seen thememperlihatkan ''[[HisBahan-bahan Dark MaterialsTersembunyinya]]'' seriessebagai assuatu apematahan directterhadap rebuttal ofsiri C. S. Lewis's. series.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.lewrockwell.com/spectator/spec11.html|title= A labour of loathing|accessdate=2006-09-21|author=Hitchens, Peter|format=Spectator article|publisher=[http://www.spectator.co.uk/ The Spectator]}}</ref> Pullman has also criticised the way Lewis excludes the character Susan from the final 'heaven' scenes in ''[[The Last Battle]]'', saying she is rejected for her growing worldliness.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.crlamppost.org/darkside.htm|title=The Darkside of Narnia|date=[[October 1]],[[1998]]|accessdate=2007-01-30|author=Pullman, Phillip|publisher=[http://www.guardian.co.uk/ The Guardian], archived on The Cumberland River Lamp Post}}</ref> Lewis devotees argue that Pullman has read too deeply into this; Lewis made no statement about Susan's ultimate destiny, and never excluded the possibility of her rejoining her friends in heaven later, as they are dead and she is still alive.
 
However, Pullman has found support from other Christians, most notably [[Rowan Williams]], the [[Archbishop of Canterbury]]. These groups and individuals point out that Pullman's attacks are focused on the constraints of [[dogma|dogmatism]] and the use of religion to oppress, not on Christianity itself. Dr. Williams has gone so far as to propose that ''[[His Dark Materials]]'' be taught as part of [[religious education]] in schools. Moreover, even authors of works dedicated to critical appraisals of religious themes in his writing have described Pullman as a friendly and generous debating partner<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml;$sessionid$SQEQJ5TJIJO1BQFIQMFSFFOAVCBQ0IV0?xml=/arts/2004/03/17/bodark17.xml&sSheet=/arts/2004/03/18/ixartright.html|title=The Dark Materials debate: life, God, the universe...|date=[[March 17]],[[2004]]|accessdate=2007-04-28|author=Robert Butler |publisher=[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/ The Telegraph]}}</ref>.
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