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Music is the Department of La Guajira has been directly associated to the indigenous peoples, as well as the influence from the Afro-Colombians and the European cultural influences. Such is the case of the [[vallenato]] music, which was allegedly originated in the region formed between Riohacha and Valledupar, some considering it larger and reaching from Riohacha to the central region of the Department of Cesar. Accordions and guitar first used for vallenato music were allegedly acquired in La Guajira as contraband arriving from the nearby island of [[Aruba]], in the Caribbean sea.<ref name="
The Wayuu has contributed with their own traditional music and instrument. Their culture directly associates economy and social life with music; such as in the case of raising cattle, in which the indigenous sang to their animals. They also used music for meetings and celebrations, as well as mourning in funerals. The Yonna is the traditional dance of the Wayuu and is used to honor guests.<ref name="
The Wayuus created many rustic musical instruments called ''Kashi'', ''Sawawa'' (type of flute), ''ma'asi'', ''totoy'' and the ''taliraai'' (tubular flute), ''wootoroyoi'' (type of clarinet), among others. The ''Majayura'' or ritual of the "young wayuu virgin" in which the female dances towards the male for marriage, while other males perform rhythms with their traditional instruments until the male tumbles onto the ground.<ref name="