Perbezaan antara semakan "Kereta kebal kecil"

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(Mencipta laman baru dengan kandungan 'thumb|300px|A [[TKS|Kereta kebal kecil TKS dalam Muzium Tentera Poland.]] '''Kereta kebal kecil''' adalah kenderaan tempur ...')
 
==Ciri-ciri ==
Kereta kebal kecil dihasilkan dalam model satu atau dua orang. Sesetengahnya amat rendah sehinggakan orang di dalamnya perlu baring.<ref name="T27"/> Sesetengah model tidak dilengkapi dengan turet meriam (dan bersama dengan gerakan trek, ini sering dilihat sebagai takrifan bagi konsep ini), atau yang amat ringkas yang dipusing menggunakan tangan atau kaki. Ia jauh lebih kecil berbanding [[kereta kebal ringan]] dan tidak memiliki [[meriam kereta kebal]], sebaliknya senjata utama mereka cenderung kepada satu atau dua mesingan, atau jarang-jarang meriam 20mm atau pelancar bom tangan.
 
==Sejarah==
[[File:L3 tankette.jpg|thumb|An Italian [[CV-33|L3/33]] Itali.]]
Kelahiran konsep kereta kebal kecil adalah [[perperangan perisai]] [[Perang Dunia Pertama]]. Di Perbatasan Barat [[Perang Dunia Pertama]] pada tahap akhir perperangan, [[kereta kebal]] pihak Berikat Perang Dunia Pertama mampu menembusi [[perperangan parit|barisan parit]] musuh tetapi pasukan infantri yang perlu mengambil dan mempertahankan kawasan musuh yang ditawan mengekori di belakang kereta kebal dengan mudah dihentikan atau dilewatkan oleh tembakan senjata kecil dan artileri. Kereta kebal yang lepas lalu kemudian diasingkan dan dimusnahkan dan pasukan bantuan menutup bukaan pada garis perparitan. Kereta kebal kecil pada asalnya dicipta pada awal tempoh antara perang bagi menyelesaikan masalah ini. Reka bentuk awal adalah bentuk kenderaan, sarang mesingan seorang yang dilindungi dari tembakan senjata kecil dan serpihan peluru meriam. Idea ini diabaikan dan sebaliknya model dua orang, terutamanya bagi peninjauan dihasilkan. Masalah menggerakkan pasukan infantri sementara pada masa yang sama melindungi mereka diselesaikan melalui [[kereta perisai anggota]].
 
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==History==
[[File:L3 tankette.jpg|thumb|An Italian L3/33.]]
The genesis of the tankette concept was the [[armoured warfare]] of [[World War I]]. On the [[Western Front (World War I)|Western Front]] in the later stage of the war, [[Allies of World War I|Allied]] [[tank]]s could break through the enemy [[Trench warfare|trench lines]] but the [[infantry]] (needed to take and hold the ground gained) following the tanks were easily stopped or delayed by small arms fire and artillery. The breakthrough tanks were then isolated and destroyed and reinforcement plugged the hole in the trench line. The tankette was originally conceived in the early interwar period to solve this problem. The first designs were a sort of mobile, one man [[machine gun]] nest protected against small arms fire and shell fragments. This idea was abandoned and the two man model, mainly intended for reconnaissance, was produced instead. The moving up of infantry while protecting them was solved with the [[armoured personnel carrier]].
 
In 1925 [[United Kingdom|British]] tank pioneer [[Giffard Le Quesne Martel]] built a one-man tank in his garage and showed it to the War Office who agreed production of a few for testing. The publicity caused John Carden and Vivian Lloyd to produce their own. Both types were developed further but the two-man [[Carden Loyd tankette]] was considered the classic and most successful design,<ref name="T27"/> with many other tankettes modelled after it. While the design was influential, few Carden Loyd tankettes saw combat,{{Citation needed|date=August 2008}} some of them on the Bolivian side during the [[Tank warfare in the Chaco War|Chaco War]]. However, the design did lead to more capable vehicles in the [[Universal Carrier]] which had as its origins in Carden Loyd tankette and that had an extensive operational history in the Second World War <ref>Fletcher & Bryan, p. 3</ref>
 
The concept was later abandoned due to limited usefulness and vulnerability to [[Anti-tank warfare|anti-tank weapons]] and even machine guns, and the role of the tankette was largely taken over by [[Armored car (military)|armoured car]]s. However, in the [[Vietnam War]] the US Army employed the similar, somewhat larger, [[M50 Ontos]], with respectable success.
 
The 1990s saw the renaissance of a similar concept with the [[Wiesel 1|Wiesel]] of the German [[Bundeswehr]] being introduced to provide airborne troops with armoured reconnaissance capability,<ref>[http://www.rheinmetall-detec.de/index.php?fid=1398&lang=3&pdb=1 Wiesel 1] (product website from the [[Rheinmetall]] manufacturer website. Accessed 2008-05-29.)</ref> a function that had already been trialled with Soviet [[T-27]] in World War II.<ref name="T27"/> However, the WWII-contemporary term "tankette" is not used for these modern vehicles (they are termed "armoured weapons carriers" in the [[Bundeswehr]]), although they do fit the definition of a tankette.
 
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Tahun 1990-an menyaksikan kebangkitan konsep yang sama dengan pengeluaran [[Wiesel 1| Wiesel]] dari Jerman [[Bundeswehr]] yang diperkenalkan untuk membekalkan tentera bawaan udara dengan keupayaan peninjauan berperisai, <ref>[http://www.rheinmetall-detec.de/index.php?fid=1398&lang=3&pdb=1 Wiesel 1] (product website from the [[Rheinmetall]] manufacturer website. Accessed 2008-05-29.)</ref> fungsi yang telah diuji oleh [[T-27]] Soviet dalam [[Perang Dunia II]].<ref name="T27"/> Walau bagaimanapun, istilah semasa [[Perang Dunia Kedua]] "kereta kebal kecil" tidak digunakan untuk kenderaan-kenderaan moden (mereka dipanggil "pembawa senjata berperisai" oleh [[Bundeswehr]]), sungguhpun mereka memenuhi takrifan kereta kebal kecil.
 
==Contoh==
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