Perbezaan antara semakan "Etanol"

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{{Chembox
<table align=right style="font-size:120%">
| Verifiedfields = changed
<tr><td>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;H &nbsp; &nbsp;H </td></tr>
| Watchedfields = changed
<tr><td>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; | &nbsp; &nbsp; | </tr></td>
| verifiedrevid = 477167117
<tr><td> H - C - C - O - H </tr></td>
| ImageFileL1 = Ethanol-2D-flat.png
<tr><td>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; | &nbsp; &nbsp; | <tr><td>
| ImageNameL1 = Full structural formula of ethanol
<tr><td> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;H &nbsp; &nbsp;H </tr></td>
| ImageFileR1 = Ethanol-2D-skeletal.svg
</table>
| ImageFileR1_Ref = {{chemboximage|correct|??}}
 
| ImageNameR1 = Skeletal formula of ethanol
| ImageFileL2 = Ethanol-3D-balls.png
| ImageFileL2_Ref = {{chemboximage|correct|??}}
| ImageNameL2 = Ball-and-stick model of ethanol
| ImageFileR2 = Ethanol-3D-vdW.png
| ImageFileR2_Ref = {{chemboximage|correct|??}}
| ImageNameR2 = Space-filling model of ethanol
| SystematicName = Ethanol<ref name="Pubchem">{{cite web|title = Ethanol – Compound Summary|url = http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/summary/summary.cgi?cid=702|work = The PubChem Project|location = USA|publisher = National Center for Biotechnology Information}}</ref>
| Section1 = {{Chembox Identifiers
| CASNo_Ref = {{cascite|correct|CAS}}
| CASNo = 64-17-5
| SMILES = CCO
| StdInChI = 1S/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3
| StdInChI_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| InChI = 1/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3
| StdInChIKey = LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
| StdInChIKey_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| InChIKey = LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYAB}}
| Section2 = {{Chembox Properties
| C = 2
| H = 6
| O = 1
| ExactMass = 46.041864814 g mol<sup>−1</sup>
| Density = 0.789 g/cm<sup>3</sup> (at 25°C)
| MeltingPtC = −114
| BoilingPtC = 78.37
| pKa = 15.9 (H<sub>2</sub>O), 29.8 (DMSO)<ref>{{cite journal|author=Ballinger, P., Long, F.A.|doi=10.1021/ja01489a008|title=Acid Ionization Constants of Alcohols. II. Acidities of Some Substituted Methanols and Related Compounds1,2|year=1960|journal=Journal of the American Chemical Society|volume=82|issue=4|page=795}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal|author=Arnett, E.M., Venkatasubramaniam, K.G.|doi=10.1021/jo00158a001|journal=J. Org. Chem.|title=Thermochemical acidities in three superbase systems|year=1983|volume=48|issue=10|page=1569}}</ref>
}}
| Section3 = {{Chembox Hazards
| Reference =<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.distill.com/materialsafety/msds-eu.html |title=Ethanol Material Safety Data Sheet – Europe |publisher=Distill.com |accessdate=2014-01-18}}</ref>
| RPhrases =
| SPhrases =
| LD50 = 7060 mg/kg (oral, rat)<ref>http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/rn/64-17-5</ref>
| FlashPtC = 16
| AutoignitionPtC = 365
}}
| Section4= {{Chembox Related
|OtherCpds= [[Methanol]] <br/> [[Etana]] <br/> [[Metana]]
}}
}}
'''Etanol''' atau alkohol etil ialah sebatian kimia yang ditemui di dalam minuman berakohol atau arak. Selain digunakan di dalam arak, etanol juga digunakan sebagai bahan api bagi menggantikan gasolin. Struktur kimia etanol ialah:
 
 
Etanol dalam minuman beralkohol dihasilkan melalui proses penapaian.
 
==Rujukan==
<references/>
 
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