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Dengan tercetusnya [[Perang Dunia II]] pada tahun 1939, perbezaan antara New South Wales dan negeri-negeri lain yang telah muncul pada abad ke-19 telah pudar akibat daripada persekutuan dan pembangunan ekonomi di sebalik dinding tarif perlindungan. New South Wales terus mendahului Victoria sebagai pusat industri, dan termausk kepesatan aspek kewangan dan perdagangan. Buruh kembali memerintah di bawah kepimpinan [[William McKell]] yang sederhana pada tahun 1941 dan kekal berkuasa selama 24 tahun. Perang Dunia Kedua menyaksikan lonjakan lain dalam pembangunan perindustrian bagi memenuhi keperluan ekonomi perang, dan juga penghapusan pengangguran.
 
=== PostwarPasca perang di New South Wales ===
LaborBuruh stayedkekal inberkuasa powerhingga untiltahun 1965. TowardsPada thepenghujung endpenggal ofberkuasa, itsia termmengumumkan inrancangan poweruntuk itpembinaan announcedsebuah a plan for the construction of ankemudahan opera/arts facilityseni ondi [[Bennelong Point, New South Wales|Bennelong Point]]. ThePertandingan designreka competitionbentuk wastelah wondimenangi byoleh [[Jørn Utzon]]. ControversyKontroversi overatas thekos costapa ofyang whatakhirnya wouldakan eventually become themenjadi [[Sydney Opera House]] becamemenjadi aisu politicalpolitik issuedan andmerupakan wasfaktor adalam factorkekalahan inBuruh thepada eventual defeat of Labor intahun 1965 by the conservativeoleh [[Parti Liberal Party of Australia|LiberalParti PartyLiberal]] ledkonservatif yang diketuai byoleh [[Robert Askin|Sir Robert Askin]]. Sir Robert remainskekal asebagai controversialtokoh figurekontroversi withdengan supporterspenyokong claimingyang himmendakwa todia bemenjadi reformistreformis especiallyterutama indari termssegi ofmembentuk reshapingsemula theekonomi NSW economy. OthersOrang thoughlain regardwalaupun thehal era Askin eramempunyai hassinonim synonymousdengan withrasuah corruption withdengan Askin theketua headrangkaian ofyang amelibatkan network involvingpolis NSW policedan andpenerbitan SPbuku bookmakingSP (Goot).
 
InPada thetahun late 1960s1960-an, a [[Gerakan New England New StateNegeri MovementBaru|secessionistgerakan movementpemisah]] indi therantau [[New England (Australia)|New England]] regiondi ofnegeri theini statemembawa led to akepada referendum onmengenai theisu issueitu. TheNegeri newbaru stateakan wouldmengandungi havesebahagian consistedbesar ofNSW much of northern NSWutara includingtermasuk [[Newcastle, New South Wales|Newcastle]]. The [[referendumReferendum]] wastelah narrowlynyaris defeateddikalahkan anddan theretiada arekempen noaktif activeatau orpenganjuran organiseduntuk campaignsnegeri forbaru newdi statesNSW in NSWdalam beyondbentuk individualskumpulan.
 
Peletakan jawatan Askin's resignationpada intahun 1975 wasdiikuti followedoleh bybeberapa aperdana numbermenteri ofyang shorttidak livedbertahan premiershipslama byoleh Liberalpemimpin-pemimpin PartyParti leadersLiberal. WhenApabila apilihan generalraya electionumum camedatang inpada tahun 1976 the ALP under, [[Neville Wran]] weredi returnedbawah toALP powertelah kembali berkuasa. Wran wasdapat ablemengubah tokemenangan transformsatu thiskerusi narrowtipis oneini seatmenjadi victorykemenangan intoyang landslidesangat winsbesar (knownpada as Wranslide) intahun 1978 anddan 1981. {{Fact|date=June 2007}}
 
[[Fail:Map of NSW Highways.png|thumbnail|NewPeta South Wales showingmenunjukkan [[ListSenarai oflebuh highwaysraya indi New South Wales|highwayslebuh raya]] di New South Wales.]]
After winning a comfortable though reduced majority in 1984, Wran resigned as premier and left parliament. His replacement [[Barry Unsworth]] struggled to emerge from Wran's shadow and lost a 1988 election against a resurgent Liberal Party led by [[Nick Greiner]]. Unsworth was replaced as ALP leader by Bob Carr. Initially Greiner was a popular leader instigating reform such as the creation of the [[Independent Commission Against Corruption]] (ICAC). Greiner called a snap election in 1991 which the Liberals were expected to win. However the ALP polled extremely well and the Liberals lost their majority and needed the support of independents to retain power.
 
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