HSC perlu diisi bagi pelajar untuk mendapatkan Indeks Kemasukan Universiti, yang menentukan pangkat pelajar berbanding rakan-rakan pelajar yang menamatkan Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan.
Eleven universities primarily operate in New South Wales. Sydney is home to Australia's first university, the [[University of Sydney]], founded in [], as well as the [[University of New South Wales]], [[Macquarie University]], the [[University of Technology, Sydney]] and the [[University of Western Sydney]]. The [[ Australian Catholic University]] has two of its six campuses in Sydney, and the private [[University of Notre Dame Australia]] also operates a secondary campus in the city.
Outside Sydney, the leading universities are the [[University of Newcastle, Australia| University of Newcastle]] and the [[University of Wollongong]]. Armidale is home to the [[University of New England, Australia|University of New England]], and [[Charles Sturt University]] and [[Southern Cross University]] have campuses spread across cities in the state's south-west and north coast respectively.
The public universities are state government agencies, however they are largely regulated by the federal government, which also administers their public funding. Admission to NSW universities is arranged together with universities in the [[Australian Capital Territory]] by another government agency, the [[Universities Admission Centre]].
Primarily vocational training is provided up the level of advanced diplomas is provided by the state government's ten [[Technical and Further Education]] (TAFE) institutes. These institutes run courses in over 130 campuses throughout the state.