Malcolm X: Perbezaan antara semakan

313 bait dibuang ,  16 tahun lalu
Setelah dilepaskan dari penjara pada 1952, Malcolm berjumpa dengan Elijah Muhammad di Chicago. Di sinilah dia menerima tanda '''X''', yang bermaksud menolak nama perhambaannya, dan oleh kerana tiada nama Islam Afrika-Amerika.
 
InPada [[1953]], Malcolm leftmeninggalkan hiskakak half-sistertirinya Ella indi Boston tountuk staytinggal withbersama dengan Elijah Muhammad indi [[Chicago]]. HeBeliau soonkemudiaanya returnedkembali toke [[Boston]] anddan becamemenjadi theKetua ''Minister'' ofKuil theNombor 11 ''Nation of Islam's Temple Number Eleven'.
 
Kegiatannya yang aktif sebagai pemimpin di kuil tersebut telah membawanya untuk membuka lebih banyak kuil di seluruh negara, dimana beliau seringkali menjadi ''Minister''. Ucapannya yang memukau serta berinspirasi dan personalitinya yang bersih, menyebabkan beliau naik pangkat dengan cepat sekali. Akhirnya beliau telah menjadi orang nombor dua kepada pemimpin Nation of Islam iaitu Elijah Muhammad.
His active membership in the Nation led to him opening several temples around the country, of which he often became Minister. His rousing, incendiary and inspirational speeches and spotless personal example led to the ranks of the Nation of Islam burgeoning. He was soon seen as the number two man in the movement, next to Elijah Muhammad himself.
 
Sewaktu Malcolm berusaha keras untuk gerakan ini, beliau kerap mendengar desas-desus mengenai skandal Elijah Muhammad dengan beberapa setiausahanya. Penzinaan adalah ditolak oleh ajaran Nation of Islam. Pada mulanya beliau tidak percaya dengan tohmahan ini. Tetapi selepas disiasat beliau dapati terdapat kebenarannya. Malah Elijah Muhammad sendiri mengaku melakukan zina tetapi berkata ia adalah dibenarkan kerana dia adalah "Pesuruh Tuhan". Walaupun begitu, kepercayaan beliau kepada Elijah Muhammad tidak pernah goyah. Pada 1963, selepas pembunuhan Presiden John F. Kennedy, Malcolm telah memberi satu khutbah. Selepas khutbah tersebut, beliau diminta memberi komen mengenai pembunuhan Kennedy. Beliau dengan sinis berkata ini adalah kes "ayam pulang ke reban." (''chickens coming home to roost'') -- keganasan yang Kennedy gagal tangani akhirnya telah "memakan dirinya sendiri". Komen ini telah mendapat reaksi yang hebat oleh rakyat Amerika yang rata-rata menyanjungi Presiden Kennedy dan Nation of Islam terpaksa mengumumkan hukuman terhadap Malcolm X. Akibatnya, beliau telah diharamkan untuk memberi khutbah selama enam bulan dan beliaupun mematuhi perintah ini.
As Malcolm worked tirelessly for the Nation of Islam, he was increasingly exposed to rumours of Elijah Muhammad's extra-marital affairs with young secretaries. Adultery is severely shunned in the teachings of the Nation. Although this news unsettled Malcolm, he often brushed it aside. But soon he investigated these allegations and saw that they were true, and they were eventually affirmed by Elijah Muhammad himself, who claimed that it was legitimate for him as he was the messenger of God. Despite being unsatisfied with the excuses, and being disenchanted by other ministers using Nation of Islam funds to line their own pockets, Malcolm's faith in Elijah Muhammad did not waver.
 
Setahun kemudian, Malcolm mula berganding bahu dengan karyawan kulit hitam terkenal [[Alex Haley]] dalam penulisan buku "[[The Autobiography of Malcolm X]]". Beliau juga mengumumkan perpisahannya dengan Nation of Islam, dan menubuhkan gerakan yang lain iaitu [[Muslim Mosque, Inc.]] Namun, beliau tetap mengikutu ajaran Nation of Islam. Pada April tahun yang sama, beliau membuatucapannya yang terkenal iaitu Mengundi atau Peluru (''Ballot or Bullet'').
By [[1963]], tension in the Nation of Islam grew to a boiling point. Elijah Muhammad was jealous of Malcolm's popularity (as were several other senior ministers). Malcolm watched the [[March on Washington]] critically, unable to understand why black people were excited over a demonstration "run by whites in front of a statue of a president who has been dead for a hundred years and who didn't like us when he was alive." Later in the year, following the assassination of President [[John F. Kennedy]], Malcolm delivered a speech as he regularly would. However, when asked to comment upon the asssassination, he replied that it was a case of "chickens coming home to roost" -- that the violence that JFK had failed and at times refused to reign in had come around to claim his life. This comment led to widespread public outcry and led to the Nation of Islam publicly censuring Malcolm X. He was banned from speaking for six months, effectively a suspension order. Malcolm obeyed and kept quiet.
 
Pada waktu yang sama, Malcolm mula mendekati beberapa Islam orthodox, yang mengalakkanya mendalami Islam yang sebenarnya. Beliau kemudian memeluk Islam orthodox, dan membuat keputusan untuk mengerjakan [[Haji]].
In [[1964]], Malcolm started collaborating on the now legendary [[The Autobiography of Malcolm X]] with [[Alex Haley]]. He also publicly announced his break from the Nation of Islam, and founded [[Muslim Mosque, Inc.]] At this point, Malcolm still adhered to the teachings of the Nation of Islam. In April, he made the famous Ballot or the Bullet speech.
 
Malcolm was in contact with several orthodox Muslims, who encouraged him to learn about orthodox [[Islam]]. He soon converted to orthodox [[Islam]], and as a result decided to perform [[Hajj]].
 
===Ibadah haji===
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