Perbezaan antara semakan "Senarai khalifah"

==Ecumenical caliphates==
 
===RashidunKhalifah Caliphsar-Rashid (8 JuneJun 632 – 29 JanuaryJanuari 661){{anchor|Rashidun Caliphs}}===
{{Main|Rashidun|RashidunKhilafah Caliphatear-Rashidun}}
{| class="wikitable"
!Tempoh
!Period
!Khalifah
!Caliph
!Kaligrafi
!Calligraphic
!RelationshipHubungan withdengan [[Muhammad]]
!Ibubapa
!Parents
![[BanuBani (ArabicArab)|HouseKerabat]]
!Nota
!Notes
|-
|8 JuneJun 632 – 22 AugustOgos 634
|[[Abu BakrBakar|'''Abū Bakr''']]<br />('''أبو بكر''')<br />'Abdullah<br />''[[Sahabah|Șaḥābī]]''<br />''Aṣ-Ṣiddīq''
|[[File:Rashidun Caliph Abu Bakr as-Șiddīq (Abdullah ibn Abi Quhafa) - أبو بكر الصديق عبد الله بن عثمان التيمي القرشي أول الخلفاء الراشدين.svg|100px]]
|FatherBapa ofkepada [[Aisha]], Muhammad'sisteri wifeNabi Muhammad
|
* [[Uthman Abu Quhafa|'Uthman Abu Quhafa]], ''[[Sahabah|ṣaḥābī]]''
|[[Banu Taym|Banu Taim]]
|
* CommonlyBiasanya knowndikenali assebagai ''Aṣ-Ṣiddīq'' (ArabicArab: الصديق, "TheYang TruthfulMembenarkan")
* Memerintah sehingga kematian beliau
* Reigned until his death
|-
|23 AugustOgos 634 – 3 November 644
|[[Umar|'''<nowiki/>'Umar ibn al-Khattab''']]<br />('''عمر بن الخطاب''')<br />''[[Sahabah|Șaḥābī]]''<br />''Al-Farooq''<br />''[[Amir al-Mu'minin]]''
|[[File:Rashidun Caliphs Umar ibn Al-Khattāb - عُمر بن الخطّاب ثاني الخلفاء الراشدين.svg|100px]]
|FatherBapa ofkepada [[Hafsa bint Umar|Hafsa]], Muhammad'sisteri wifeNabi Muhammad
|
* [[Khattab ibn Nufayl]]
|[[Banu 'Adiy|Banu Adi]]
|
* AlsoJuga knowndikenali with his epithetsebagai ''Al-Farooq'' ("theorang oneyang whomembezakan distinguishesyang betweenbenar rightdan andyang wrongsalah")
* Dibunuh oleh seorang Parsi sebagai tindak balas ke atas penaklukan Muslim ke atas Parsi
* Assassinated by Persians in response to the Muslim conquest of Persia
|-
|11 November 644 – 20 JuneJun 656
|[[Uthman bin Affan|'''<nowiki/>'Uthman ibn 'Affan''']]<br />('''عثمان بن عفان''')<br />''[[Sahabah|Șaḥābī]]''<br />''Dhun Nurayn<br />[[Amir al-Mu'minin]]''
|[[File:Rashidun Caliph Uthman ibn Affan - عثمان بن عفان ثالث الخلفاء الراشدين.svg|100px]]
|HusbandSuami ofkepada Muhammad'sanak daughtersperempuan Nabi Muhammad, [[Ruqayyah bint Muhammad|Ruqayya]] anddan laterkemudian [[Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad|Umm Kulthum]]
|
* [[Affan ibn Abi al-'As|'Affan ibn Abi al-'As]]
* [[Arwa bint Kurayz]], ''[[Sahabah|ṣaḥābīyah]]''
|[[UmmayadDinasti DynastyUmmayayyah|BanuBani UmmayaUmmayyah]]
|
* AlsoJuga knowndikenali assebagai ''Dhun-Nurayn'' (PossessorPemilik ofDua Two LightsCahaya) becausekerana hemengahwini marrieddua twoanak perempuan Nabi Muhammad's daughters
* Dibunuh semasa akhir kepungan ke atas rumah beliau
* Assassinated at the end of a siege upon his house
|-
|20 JuneJun 656 – 29 JanuaryJanuari 661
|'''[[Ali|<nowiki/>'Ali ibn Abi-Talib]]'''<br />('''علي بن أبي طالب''')<br />''[[Sahabah|Șaḥābī]]''<br />''[[Amir al-Mu'minin]]''
|[[File:Rashidun Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib - علي بن أبي طالب.svg|100px]]
|
*Sepupu Nabi Muhammad
*Muhammad's first cousin
*HusbandSuami ofkepada Muhammad'sanak daughterNabi Muhammad, [[Fatimah]]
*HusbandSuami ofkepada [[Umamah bint Zainab]], Muhammad'scucu granddaughterNabi Muhammad
|
* [[Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib|Abu Talib ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib]]
|[[Banu Hashim]]
|
* AlsoJuga knowndikenali assebagai First Imam ofIman [[ShiaSyiah Islam|ShiaSyiah]] pertama
* Dibunuh semasa solat Subuh di Kufah
* Assassinated during Fajr prayer in Kufa
|}
 
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