Obesiti: Perbezaan antara semakan

30 bait ditambah ,  5 tahun lalu
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
===Gaya hidup banyak duduk===
{{See also|Gaya hidup banyak duduk|Trend senaman}}
Gaya hidup banyak duduk memainkan peranan penting dalam obesiti.<ref>Seidell 2005 p.10</ref> Di serata dunia, terdapat anjakan besar ke arah kerja yang kurang menggunakan kekuatan jasmani,<ref name=WHO2009>{{cite web|url=http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/facts/obesity/en/ |title=WHO: Obesity and overweight |work=[[World Health Organization]] |accessdate=January 10, 2009 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20081218104805/http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/facts/obesity/en/ |archivedate=December 18, 2008}}</ref><ref name=WHOExercise>{{cite web|url=http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_inactivity/en/index.html |title=WHO &#124; Physical Inactivity: A Global Public Health Problem |work=[[World Health Organization]] |accessdate=February 22, 2009}}</ref><ref name=Ness2006>{{cite journal | author = Ness-Abramof R, Apovian CM | title = Diet modification for treatment and prevention of obesity | journal = Endocrine | volume = 29 | issue = 1 | pages = 5–9 | date = February 2006 | pmid = 16622287 | doi = 10.1385/ENDO:29:1:135 | url = | type = Review }}</ref>dan andbaru-baru currentlyini atlebih leastkurang 30% ofdaripada thepopulasi world'sdi populationdunia getstidak insufficientmembuat exercisesenaman yang mencukupi.<ref name=WHOExercise/> Hal ini juga didorong oleh peningkatan penggunaan pengangkutan berjentera dan ketersebarluasan teknologi yang menjimatkan tenaga buruh di rumah.<ref name=WHO2009/><ref name=WHOExercise/><ref name=Ness2006/> Dalam kalangan kanak-kanak, kelihatannya berlaku penurunan tahap aktiviti jasmani disebabkan kurangnya berjalan dan pendidikan jasmani.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Salmon J, Timperio A | title = Prevalence, trends and environmental influences on child and youth physical activity | journal = Med Sport Sci | volume = 50 | issue = | pages = 183–99 | year = 2007 | pmid = 17387258 | doi = 10.1159/000101391 | isbn = 978-3-318-01396-2 | series = Medicine and Sport Science | type = Review }}</ref> Trend dunia meluangkan masa senggang dengan melakukan aktiviti jasmani semakin tidak jelas. Pertubuhan Kesihatan Dunia menunjukkan masyarakat serata dunia kurang aktif berekreasi, manakala kajian dari Finland<ref>{{cite journal | author = Borodulin K, Laatikainen T, Juolevi A, Jousilahti P | title = Thirty-year trends of physical activity in relation to age, calendar time and birth cohort in Finnish adults | journal = Eur J Public Health | volume = 18 | issue = 3 | pages = 339–44 | date = June 2008 | pmid = 17875578 | doi = 10.1093/eurpub/ckm092 | url = | type = Research Support }}</ref> mendapati peningkatan dan kajian dari Amerika Syarikat mendapati masa senggang untuk aktiviti jasmani tidaklah berubah dengan ketara.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Brownson RC, Boehmer TK, Luke DA | title = Declining rates of physical activity in the United States: what are the contributors? | journal = Annu Rev Public Health | volume = 26 | issue = | pages = 421–43 | year = 2005 | pmid = 15760296 | doi = 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144437 | url = | type = Review }}</ref>
 
Dalam kalangan kanak-kanak dan dewasa, terdapat hubung kait antara masa menonton televisyen dengan risiko obesiti.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Gortmaker SL, Must A, Sobol AM, Peterson K, Colditz GA, Dietz WH | title = Television viewing as a cause of increasing obesity among children in the United States, 1986–1990 | journal = Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med | volume = 150 | issue = 4 | pages = 356–62 | date = April 1996 | pmid = 8634729 | doi = 10.1001/archpedi.1996.02170290022003 | type = Review }}</ref><ref>{{cite journal | author = Vioque J, Torres A, Quiles J | title = Time spent watching television, sleep duration and obesity in adults living in Valencia, Spain | journal = Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. | volume = 24 | issue = 12 | pages = 1683–8 | date = December 2000 | pmid = 11126224 | doi = 10.1038/sj.ijo.0801434 | url = | type = Research Support }}</ref><ref>{{cite journal | author = Tucker LA, Bagwell M | title = Television viewing and obesity in adult females | journal = Am J Public Health | volume = 81 | issue = 7 | pages = 908–11 | date = July 1991 | pmid = 2053671 | pmc = 1405200 | doi = 10.2105/AJPH.81.7.908 | url = http://www.ajph.org/cgi/reprint/81/7/908 | format = PDF }}</ref> A review found 63 of 73 studies (86%) showedmenunjukkan ansatu increasedpeningkatan rate of childhood obesity with increased media exposure,dengan with ratesjumlah increasingpeningkatan proportionally to time spent watching television.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://ipsdweb.ipsd.org/uploads/IPPC/CSM%20Media%20Health%20Report.pdf |title=Media + Child and Adolescent Health: A Systematic Review |publisher=Common Sense Media |year=2008 |format=PDF |work=Ezekiel J. Emanuel |accessdate=April 6, 2009}}</ref>
 
===Genetics===
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