Perbezaan antara semakan "Kemerdekaan Scotland"

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Sebuah [[Referendum kemerdekaan Scotland 2014|referendum]] telah diadakan di Scotland pada 18 September 2014 di mana para pengundi diminta untuk menjawab "Ya" atau "Tidak" untuk soalan: "Patutkah Scotland menjadi sebuah negara yang merdeka?"<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.scotreferendum.com/information/|title=Scotland's Referendum 2014 - Background|access-date=8 September 2014}}</ref> 55.3% pengundi menjawab "Tidak" manakala 44.7% menjawab "Ya", dengan [[peratusan mengundi]] sebanyak 84.5 peratus.<ref name="Now">{{Cite news|url=http://www.scotlandnow.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/referendum-results-turnout-record-high-4286461|title=Referendum results: Turnout a record high as Scots vote No to independence|date=19 September 2014|access-date=20 September 2014|work=Scotland Now}}</ref>
 
Berikutan keputusan referendum yang dilakukan United Kingdom untuk [[Brexit|meninggalkan Kesatuan Eropah]], di mana Scotland mengundi untuk kekal dalam kesatuan tersebut,<ref name="BBCUKEUREF">{{Cite news|url=http://www.bbc.com/news/politics/eu_referendum/results|title=UK votes to leave the EU|date=24 JuneJun 2016|access-date=24 JuneJun 2016|agency=BBC News}}</ref> pemimpin [[Parti Kebangsaan Scotland]] serta Menteri Pertama Scotland, Nicola Sturgeon telah menyatakan ada kemungkinan besar referendum kedua untuk kemerdekaan negara tersebut. Sturgeon mengumumkan pada minggu berikutnya bahawa beliau akan mendapatkan kuatkuasa daripada [[Parlimen Scotland]] atas persetujuan mereka dengan Kerajaan United Kingdom atas aturan awal yang dibuat untuk referendum kedua yang bakal diadakan antara musim luruh 2018 dan musim bunga 2019.<ref name="Independent 13Mar2017">{{Cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/second-scottish-independence-live-referendum-nicola-sturgeon-brexit-speech-second-indy-ref-2-uk-eu-a7626746.html|title=Nicola Sturgeon announces second Scottish independence referendum|date=13 MarchMac 2017|access-date=13 MarchMac 2017|work=The Independent}}</ref> Perdana Menteri [[Theresa May]] telah menyatakan bahawa kerajaannya tidak akan bersetuju dengan cadangan ini.<ref>http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/may-stands-firm-against-second-scottish-referendum-96bqx2khx</ref>
 
== Sokongan ==
Antara sebab-sebab yang dipetik memihak kepada kemerdekaan Scotland adalah:
* Demokrasi dan penentuan nasib sendiri: Penduduk Scotland akan memiliki kuasa membuat keputusan yang penuh dalam hal urusan politik negara. Menteri Pertama Salmond menyatakan dalam satu pelancaran Mei 2012 bahawa "orang-orang yang tinggal di Scotland adalah orang terbaik yang ditempatkan untuk membuat keputusan yang mempengaruhi Scotland."<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/political-news/scotlands-future-will-be-in-scotlands-hands.17666615|title='Scotland's future will be in Scotland's hands'|date=26 May 2012|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014|work=Herald Scotland}}</ref>
* Pelucutan senjata nuklear: dengan kawalan ke atas pertahanan dan asing dasar, sebuah Scotland yang merdeka boleh membincangkan pelupusan senjata nuklear Trident, suatu isu yang sudah lama dikaitkan dengan kempen memerdekakan Scotland seperti yang digariskan di kertas putih Jawatankuasa Pertahanan Dewan Rakyat "The future of the UK's strategic nuclear deterrent: the White Paper" 2006-2007.<ref name="Committee2007">{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=XKMfYAUzOWgC&pg=PA167|title=The future of the UK's strategic nuclear deterrent: the White Paper, ninth report of session 2006-07, Vol. 2: Oral and written evidence|last=Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Defence Committee|date=7 MarchMac 2007|publisher=The Stationery Office|isbn=978-0-215-03280-5|pages=167–}}</ref><ref>"The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power", edited by [//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerry_Hassan Gerry Hassan], Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh, p. 29 and p. 156</ref> Sebuah rencana Huffington Post UK bertarikh Julai 2013 mencadangkan bahawa £25 juta yang dibelanjakan untuk "mengganti cegahan senjata nuklear Trident" sebaliknya boleh disalurkan ke dalam bidang pendidikan, kesihatan dan perumahan.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/07/16/trident-nuclear-replaceme_n_3606338.html|title=Trident Nuclear Replacement Will Cost £25 Billion: What Else Could The UK Buy?|last=Chris York|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014|publisher=AOL (UK) Limited|work=Huffington Post UK}}</ref> Kempen Pelucutan Senjata Nuklear Scotland turut menyokong kemerdekaan negara tersebut atas dasar ini.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/referendum-news/scots-cnd-backs-yes-campaign.19448929|title=Scots CND backs Yes campaign|date=19 November 2012|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014|work=Herald Scotland|agency=Herald & Times Group}}</ref>
* Pengurusan keluaran minyak Scotland: suatu usul yang begitu berkesan dikempenkan oleh SNP pada 1970-an<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=gf78chlTvU4C&pg=PA40&dq=scotland+oil+independence#v=onepage&q=scotland%20oil%20independence&f=false|title=Negotiating Self-Determination|last=Hurst Hannum|last2=Eileen Babbitt|publisher=Lexington Books|year=2006|isbn=9780739114339|page=40}}</ref> yang menghujahkan hanya sebuah Scotland yang merdeka sahaja dapat menggunakan sepenuhnya manfaat kewangan sumber-sumbernya sendiri (sepertii minyak dan gas [[Laut Utara]]) untuk kepentingan penduduknya.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.yesscotland.net/answers/what-are-benefits-scotland-being-independent|title=What are the benefits of Scotland being independent? - Yes Scotland|access-date=8 September 2014}}</ref> Menurut Kerajaan Scotland, 64% simpanan minyak EU terletak di perairan Scotland<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://news.scotland.gov.uk/News/First-Minister-Scotland-can-be-intellectual-powerhouse-of-green-energy-b42.aspx|title=First Minister: Scotland can be "intellectual powerhouse of green energy"|date=8 April 2014|website=The Scottish Government|publisher=Crown copyright|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014}}</ref> sementara Institut David Hume Institut menyatakan: "Scotland sedang duduk di atas minyak dan gas bernilai $ 4 trilion".<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://newsnetscotland.com/index.php/scottish-economy/7320-scottish-oil-revenues-massively-underestimated-according-to-new-report|title=Scottish oil revenues massively underestimated according to new report|last=Martin Kelly|date=5 May 2013|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014|work=Newsnet Scotland}}</ref> Pelaburan dalaman serta hasil pengeluaran dari lapangan minyak Laut Utara jatuh mendadak selepas canselor Konservatif George Osborne mengenakan cukai yang menghukum, pemotongan yang ditayangkan hasil bebas Scotland boleh menuntut.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.economist.com/blogs/blighty/2014/09/scotlands-referendum-0|title=Who torpedoed independence?|date=19 September 2014|access-date=19 September 2014|publisher=The Economist}}</ref>
* Tenaga boleh baharu: jika kemerdekaan Sctoland dicapai, penyokong baru politik struktur akan berusaha untuk memanfaatkan sepenuhnya sumber tenaga boleh diperbaharui Scotland yakni 25 peratus tenaga angin, 25 peratus tenaga arus pasang surut dan 10 peratus tenaga ombak yang berpotensi di Eropah.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Business-Industry/Energy/Facts|title=Energy in Scotland: Get the facts|date=JanuaryJanuari 2014|website=The Scottish Government|publisher=Crown copyright|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014}}</ref> Salmond mendakwa perkara sedemikian boleh membawa kepada "perindustrian semula" Scotland.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2012/02/LSE15022012|title='Energy economy to reindustrialise Scotland' - FM|date=15 FebruaryFebruari 2012|website=The Scottish Government|publisher=Crown copyright|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014}}</ref>
* "Kebangkitan budaya": Sebuah "gerakan bukan parti pergerakan untuk orang seni dan kreatif yang mendokong kemerdekaan Scotland" bernama ''National Collective'' misalnya percaya bahawa peluang kemerdekaan akan merangsang idea-idea budaya, ekspresi dan keyakinan diri yang baru di Scotland.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://nationalcollective.com/2014/05/19/jamie-mann-scotlands-cultural-and-political-reawakening-has-come-hand-in-hand/|title=Jamie Mann: Scotland’s Cultural And Political Reawakening Has Come Hand In Hand|last=Jamie Mann|date=19 May 2014|website=National Collective|publisher=National Collective|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://nationalcollective.com/about-us/|title=About Us|date=19 May 2014|website=National Collective|publisher=National Collective|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014}}</ref>
* Keahlian Scotland dalam pentas dunia: sebuah Scotland yang merdeka akan menjadi anggota penuh dan sama taraf dalam [[Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu]], [[Pertubuhan Perjanjian Atlantik Utara|NATO]], [[Kesatuan Eropah]] serta mana-mana pertubuhan antarabangsa yang lain.<ref name="scotland.gov.uk">{{cite web|url=http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2013/11/9348/0|title=Scotland's Future|date=26 November 2013|website=The Scottish Government|publisher=Crown Copyright|accessdate=13 JuneJun 2014}}</ref> Dengan [[wiktionary:autonomous|autonomi]] suara dalam politik antarabangsa, jurukempen kemerdekaan Scotland percaya pengaruh global negara tersebut akan meningkat dalam hal berkaitan kepentingan negara serta penggalakan nilai-nilainya. Bilangan ahli parlimen Eropah yang dipilih oleh Scotland juga akan meningkat dari 6 orang sehingga sekurang-kurangnya 12 orang.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmselect/cmfaff/writev/643/m10.htm|title=Session 2012-13 HC 643 The foreign policy implications of and for a separate Scotland|date=19 September 2012|website=www.parliament.uk|publisher=Parliamentary copyright|access-date=13 JuneJun 2014}}</ref> Tambahan lagi, kedutaan Scotland akan diwujudkan secara meluas untuk mempromosikan Scotland di peringkat antarabangsa, dan untuk melobi kerajaan lain di pihaknya.{{Citation needed|date=JuneJun 2014}}
 
== Tentangan ==
* Hubungan budaya, ekonomi dan kekeluargan yang kuat dengan UK.
* Tanggapan bahawa ekonomi Scotland akan lebih kuat sebagai sebahagian daripada [[ekonomi United Kingdom]] dan lebih mampu untuk makmur dalam ekonomi yang ter[[globalisasi]] dengan pengaruh antarabangsanya serta kestabilannya diperolehi daripada kedudukannya dalam Britain.<ref name="gamble">{{Cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/evandavis/2007/04/the_scottish_gamble_1.html|title=The Scottish gamble|date=30 April 2007|publisher=BBC News|access-date=20 June 2007}}</ref>
* Kesukaran mengekalkan peruntukan awam Scotland selepas kemerdekaannya melainkan dengan kenaikan cukai. Sebagai contoh, penulis akhbar ''The Scotsman'' bernama David Maddox pada tahun 2008 meramalkan penurunan hasil minyak Laut Utara.<ref name="Maddox">{{Cite news|url=http://news.scotsman.com/latestnews/Oil-price-fuels-fresh-row.4209389.jp|title=Oil price fuels fresh row on Scots 'deficit'|last=Maddox|first=David|date=21 JuneJun 2008|access-date=25 JuneJun 2008|work=The Scotsman|location=Edinburgh}}</ref> Beberapa orang seperti Ruth Davidson dari Parti Konservatif cawangan Scotland,<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/mar/26/scottish-tories-call-greater-powers|title=Scottish Tories reverse anti-devolution stance with call for greater powers|last=Carrell|first=Severin|date=2013-03-26|access-date=3 April 2013|work=The Guardian|location=London}}</ref> ingin mengurangkan perbelanjaan awam serta menurunkan lebih kuasa fiskal kepada Parlimen Scotland demi menangani isu ini dalam rangka Union yang lebih luas.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.scotsman.com/news/uk/study-finds-no-benefit-in-fiscal-autonomy-as-mccrone-calls-time-on-barnett-1-679580|title=Study finds no benefit in fiscal autonomy as McCrone calls time on Barnett|last=Gray|first=Louise|date=26 JanuaryJanuari 2007|access-date=5 JanuaryJanuari 2016|work=The Scotsman|location=Edinburgh}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/4803758.stm|title='Billions needed' to boost growth|date=14 MarchMac 2006|access-date=18 AugustOgos 2007|publisher=BBC News}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.scotsman.com/news/public-private-sectors-in-economy-need-to-be-rebalanced-1-486122|title=Public/private sectors in economy need to be rebalanced|date=15 MarchMac 2006|access-date=5 JanuaryJanuari 2016|work=The Scotsman|location=Edinburgh}}</ref>
* Pendapat bahawa Scotland lebih berpengaruh dalam hal ehwal antarbangsa serta diplomasi dari segi politik dan ketenteraan sebagai ahli [[Pertubuhan Perjanjian Atlantik Utara|NATO]], [[Kumpulan Lapan|G8]] dan sebagai anggota tetap [[Majlis Keselamatan Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu|Dewan Keamanan PBB]].{{Citation needed|date=May 2014}} Penentang integrasi lanjutan Kesatuan Eropah mendakwa kemerdekaan dalam Eropah tetapi di luar negara pengasas Kesatuan tersebut bermaksud Scotland akan lebih dipinggirkan kerana Scotland sebagai negara kecil yang bebas tidak akan mampu menolak kehendak negara-negara ahli yang lebih besar.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.globalpolitician.com/articledes.asp?ID=2725&cid=3&sid=74|title=Scottish Independence – Reality or Illusion?|date=5 JanuaryJanuari 2007|publisher=Global Politician|access-date=20 JuneJun 2007}}</ref>
* Ketidakpastian yang boleh dibawa selepas kemerdekaan segera Scotland, terutamanya perselisihan mengenai kedudukan Scotland bersama [[Kesatuan Eropah]] serta ketidakmampuan UK berkongsi matawang yang sama dengan Scotland.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://bettertogether.net/blog/entry/the-european-union-and-the-united-kingdom-union|title=The European Union and the United Kingdom Union|publisher=Better Together|access-date=18 OctoberOktober 2013}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://bettertogether.net/blog/entry/nationalist-plans-on-currency-and-tax-are-falling-apart|title=Nationalist plans on currency and tax are falling apart|publisher=Better Together|access-date=18 OctoberOktober 2013}}</ref> Pengerusi HSBC Douglas Flint memberi amaran pada bulan Ogos 2014 bahawa ketidakpastian yang berlaku seandainya Scotland mewujudkan matawangnya sendiri ataupun menyertai [[Zon euro]] boleh menyebabkan [[larian modal]].<ref name="ScotlandHSBC">{{Cite news|url=http://www.scotlandnews.net/index.php/sid/225040621|title=Weak Scottish currency will cause capital flight after independence says HSBC boss|date=23 AugustOgos 2014|access-date=23 AugustOgos 2014|publisher=''Scotland News.Net''}}</ref>
* Daerah-daerah yang terpencil seperti Orkney, Shetland dan Kepulauan Barat akan menjadi tidak beruntung atau cenderung mendapatkan pembahagian hasil minyak yang lebih besar.<ref>Tallack, Malachy (2 April 2007) [http://www.newstatesman.com/blogs/malachy-tallack/2007/04/shetland-scotland-independence Fair Isle: Independence thinking]. </ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/scottish-independence/10705477/Shetland-and-Orkney-should-get-vote-on-whether-to-leave-Scotland.html|title=Shetland and Orkney should get vote on whether to leave Scotland|last=Riley-Smith|first=Ben|date=18 MarchMac 2014|access-date=26 MarchMac 2014|publisher=Daily Telegraph}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.apnewsarchive.com/2014/Scotland%27s_Vikings_go_own_way_in_independence_vote/id-df9487dfda21429c8fe71bdbf5cdcf87|title=Scotland's Vikings go own way in independence vote|last=Lawless|first=Jill|date=23 MarchMac 2014|access-date=9 May 2014|agency=Associated Press}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/03/24/uk-scotland-independence-islands-idUKBREA2N1FV20140324|title=Scottish islanders seek votes for own independence|date=24 MarchMac 2014|access-date=26 MarchMac 2014|publisher=Reuters}}</ref><ref name="petition">{{Cite web|url=http://www.shetnews.co.uk/features/scottish-independence-debate/8175-island-referendum-petition-launched|title=Island referendum petition launched|date=18 MarchMac 2014|website=[[Shetland Times]]|access-date=26 MarchMac 2014}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/referendum-news/petition-for-independence-in-the-western-isles-shetland-and-orkney.23732164|title=Petition for independence in the Western Isles, Shetland and Orkney|date=19 MarchMac 2014|website=The Herald|publisher=Herald & Times Group|access-date=26 MarchMac 2014}}</ref>
 
== Pendapat umum ==
Terdapat banyak pungutan suara pendapat yang dijalankan mengenai kemerdekaan Scotland sebelum [[Referendum kemerdekaan Scotland 2014|referendum yang berlangsung tahun 2014]].<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1535193/Britain-wants-UK-break-up-poll-shows.html|title=Britain wants UK break up, poll shows|last=Hennessy|first=Patrick|date=26 November 2006|work=The Daily Telegraph|last2=Kite|first2=Melissa|location=London}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/scotland/9015374/Britain-divided-over-Scottish-independence.html|title=Britain divided over Scottish Independence|last=Hennessy|first=Patrick|date=15 January 2012|work=The Daily Telegraph|location=London}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/scotland/article5908726.ece|title=Voters ditch SNP over referendum|last=Allardyce|first=Jason|date=15 MarchMac 2009|access-date=16 MarchMac 2009|work=The Times|location=London}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/blog/scottish-independence|title=Scottish Independence|access-date=8 September 2014}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.tns-bmrb.co.uk/assets-uploaded/documents/tns-voting-intentions-poll-december-2010_1294676878.pdf|title=Independence Poll|access-date=8 September 2014}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/politics/support-for-independence-growing-1.1105921?localLinksEnable=false|title=Support for independence growing|website=Herald Scotland|access-date=8 September 2014}}</ref><ref name="Dinwoodie">{{Cite news|url=http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/politics/yes-voters-take-lead-in-new-independence-poll-1.1121712|title=Yes voters take lead in new independence poll|last=Dinwoodie|first=Robbie|date=5 September 2011|access-date=5 September 2011|work=The Herald|location=Glasgow}}</ref> Profesor John Curtice menyatakan pada Januari 2012 bahawa sebanyak 32% hingga 38% penduduk Scotland menyatakan sokongan terhadap kemerdekaan negara mereka.<ref name="poll research">{{Cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-16473265|title=Q&A: Scottish independence row|date=17 January 2012|access-date=19 January 2012|publisher=BBC|work=BBC News}}</ref> Hal ini Ini telah sedikit merudum sejak SNP pertama kali dipilih membentuk kerajaan Scotland pada tahun 2007. Walau bagaimanapun, kajian selanjutnya juga menunjukkan bahawa perkadaran penduduk yang menentang kemerdekaan juga telah menurun. Curtice menyatakan pada bulan April tahun 2014 yang sokongan untuk kemerdekaan telah meningkat sejak bulan Disember 2013, walaupun ada perselisihan di antara syarikat pungutan perihal keadaan sebenar pendapat khalayak ramai.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/scottish-independence-depending-on-the-pollster-it-looks-like-a-photo-finish-9284634.html|title=Scottish independence: Depending on the pollster, it looks like a photo finish|last=Curtice|first=John|date=24 April 2014|access-date=25 April 2014|work=The Independent}}</ref> Pungutan yang menyusul sebelum referendum ituntuk itu pungutan suara menunjukkan jurang ditutup, dengan satu pungutan suara mendapat keputusan Ya dengan nisbah 51 ke 49. Dalam referendum tersebut, rakyat Scotland mengundi menentang kemerdekaan pada 55.3% berbanding 44.7% yang menyokong dasar ini, dengan peratusan mengundi sebanyak 84.5 peratus.
 
Pungutan suara pendapat yang dijalankan sejak enam minggu selepas referendum 2014<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/scottish-politics/new-poll-scotland-would-back-indy-if-fresh-vote-was-held-now.1414830607|title=New poll: Scotland would back indy if fresh vote was held now|date=1 November 2014|access-date=13 MarchMac 2015|work=The Herald}}</ref>  telah menyoal orang ramai mengenai pilihan mereka pada referendum yang seterusnya sekiranya ia dijalankan. 25 pungutan suara dilakukan setahun selepas referendum tersebut dengan tujuh belas daripadanya memperoleh "Tidak" sebagai jawapan utama, tujuh pungutan suara mendapat "Ya", dan satu pungutan suara mempunyai perkadaran responden yang sama untuk kedua-dua pendapat.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-34277133|title=What are the latest polls saying about Scottish independence?|last=Curtice|first=John|date=18 September 2015|website=BBC News|publisher=BBC|access-date=19 September 2015}}</ref>
 
== Nota ==
== Sumber-sumber dan bacaan lanjut ==
* {{Cite book|title=Radical Scotland: Arguments for Self-Determination|last=Hassan|first=Gerry|publisher=Luath Press|year=2011}}
<div class="cx-template-editor-source-container" lang="en" dir="ltr" style="display: none;"><div class="cx-template-editor-source"><div class="cx-template-editor-title" title="This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.">Cite book</div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="title" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Title</span><span data-key="title" title="The title of the book; displays in italics" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="title" style="position: relative;">Radical Scotland: Arguments for Self-Determination</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="last" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Last name</span><span data-key="last" title="The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="last" style="position: relative;">Hassan</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="first" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">First name</span><span data-key="first" title="Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="first" style="position: relative;">Gerry</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="publisher" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Publisher</span><span data-key="publisher" title="Name of the publisher; displays after title" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="publisher" style="position: relative;">Luath Press</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="year" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Year of publication</span><span data-key="year" title="Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="year" style="position: relative;">2011</div></div></div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-source-container" lang="en" dir="ltr" style="display: none;"><div class="cx-template-editor-source"><div class="cx-template-editor-title" title="This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.">Cite book</div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="title" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Title</span><span data-key="title" title="The title of the book; displays in italics" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="title" style="position: relative;">Radical Scotland: Arguments for Self-Determination</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="last" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Last name</span><span data-key="last" title="The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="last" style="position: relative;">Hassan</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="first" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">First name</span><span data-key="first" title="Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="first" style="position: relative;">Gerry</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="publisher" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Publisher</span><span data-key="publisher" title="Name of the publisher; displays after title" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="publisher" style="position: relative;">Luath Press</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="year" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Year of publication</span><span data-key="year" title="Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="year" style="position: relative;">2011</div></div></div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-source-container" lang="en" dir="ltr" style="display: none;"><div class="cx-template-editor-source"><div class="cx-template-editor-title" title="This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.">Cite book</div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="title" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Title</span><span data-key="title" title="The title of the book; displays in italics" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="title" style="position: relative;">Radical Scotland: Arguments for Self-Determination</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="last" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Last name</span><span data-key="last" title="The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="last" style="position: relative;">Hassan</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="first" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">First name</span><span data-key="first" title="Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="first" style="position: relative;">Gerry</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="publisher" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Publisher</span><span data-key="publisher" title="Name of the publisher; displays after title" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="publisher" style="position: relative;">Luath Press</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="year" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Year of publication</span><span data-key="year" title="Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="year" style="position: relative;">2011</div></div></div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-source-container" lang="en" dir="ltr" style="display: none;"><div class="cx-template-editor-source"><div class="cx-template-editor-title" title="This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.">Cite book</div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="title" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Title</span><span data-key="title" title="The title of the book; displays in italics" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="title" style="position: relative;">Radical Scotland: Arguments for Self-Determination</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="last" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Last name</span><span data-key="last" title="The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="last" style="position: relative;">Hassan</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="first" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">First name</span><span data-key="first" title="Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="first" style="position: relative;">Gerry</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="publisher" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Publisher</span><span data-key="publisher" title="Name of the publisher; displays after title" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="publisher" style="position: relative;">Luath Press</div></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param"><div class="cx-template-editor-param-title"><span id="year" class="cx-template-editor-param-key">Year of publication</span><span data-key="year" title="Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known" class="cx-template-editor-param-desc"></span></div><div class="cx-template-editor-param-value" data-key="year" style="position: relative;">2011</div></div></div></div>
* {{Cite book|title=The Independence of Scotland: Self-Government and the Shifting Politics of Union|last=Keating|first=Michael|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=2009|location=Oxford}}
* {{Cite book|title=Nationalism, unionism and secession in Scotland|last=Keating|first=Michael|work=Secessionism and Separatism in Europe and Asia: To have a state of one’s own|publisher=Routledge|year=2013|pages=127–144}}