Demam Nil Barat: Perbezaan antara semakan

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{{Infobox medical condition (new)|name=Demam Nil Barat|image=Em wnvirus j7908i.jpg|caption=Virus Nil Barat|field=[[Penyakit berjangkit]]|symptoms=Tiada, [[demam]], sakit kepala, muntah, ruam<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|complications=[[Ensefalitis]], [[meningitis]]<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|onset=2 hingga 14 hari selepas pendedahan<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|duration=Berminggu hingga berbulan<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|types=|causes=Virus Nil Barat yang tersebar oleh [[nyamuk]]<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|risks=|diagnosis=Berdasarkan gejala dan ujian darah<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|differential=|prevention=Mengurangkan nyamuk, mencegah gigitan nyamuk<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|treatment=[[Penjagaan sokongan]] (ubat sakit)<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|medication=|prognosis=10% risiko kematian di kalangan mereka yang terjejas teruk<ref name=CDC2017Q/>|frequency=|deaths=}}<!-- Definition and symptoms -->Demam Nil Barat ialah [[jangkitan virus]] yang biasanya disebarkan oleh [[nyamuk]].<ref name="CDC2017Q">{{cite web|url=https://www.cdc.gov/westnile/faq/genQuestions.html|title=General Questions About West Nile Virus|date=19 October 2017|website=www.cdc.gov|language=en-us|accessdate=26 October 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20171026111330/https://www.cdc.gov/westnile/faq/genQuestions.html|archivedate=26 October 2017|df=}}</ref> Lebih kurang 75% jangkitan tersebut tidak mempunyai sedikit atau tiada gejala.<ref name="CDC2017Q" /> Sekitar 20% pula mengalami [[demam]], [[sakit kepala]], [[muntah]], atau ruam.<ref name="CDC2017Q" /> Dalam kurang daripada 1% orang yang terjangkit, [[ensefalitis]] atau [[meningitis]] berlaku, dengan kekakuan leher, kekeliruan, atau sawan.<ref name="CDC2017Q" /> Pemulihan mungkin mengambil masa beberapa minggu hingga beberapa bulan<ref name="CDC2017Q" />. Risiko kematian di kalangan mereka yang mengalami sistem saraf adalah kira-kira 10%.<ref name="CDC2017Q" />
 
== Rujukan ==
{{Reflist}}
 
== Pautan luar ==
{{Medical resources|DiseasesDB=30025|ICD10={{ICD10|A|92|3}}|ICD9={{ICD9|066.4}}|MedlinePlus=007186|MeshID=D014901}}{{Portal|Medicine|Viruses}}{{Commons|West Nile virus}}
 
* {{cite journal|year=2012|title=Recent progress in West Nile virus diagnosis and vaccination|url=http://www.veterinaryresearch.org/content/43/1/16|journal=Vet. Res.|volume=43|issue=1|pages=16|doi=10.1186/1297-9716-43-16|pmc=3311072|pmid=22380523|vauthors=De Filette M, Ulbert S, Diamond M, Sanders NN}}
* {{cite web|url=https://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/|title=West Nile Virus|work=|publisher=Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, U.S. [[Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]] (CDC)}}
* [https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/westnile/ CDC—West Nile Virus—NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic]
* [http://npic.orst.edu/wnv/ West Nile Virus Resource Guide]—National Pesticide Information Center
* [http://www.vrc.nih.gov Vaccine Research Center (VRC)]—Information concerning WNV vaccine research studies
* [http://www.viprbrc.org/brc/home.do?decorator=flavi Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Flaviviridae]
* [http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/microbes/westnile.shtml Species Profile- West Nile Virus (''Flavivirus'')], National Invasive Species Information Center, [[United States National Agricultural Library]]. Lists general information and resources for West Nile Virus.
* [http://rad.usuhs.edu/medpix/parent.php3?mode=TFcase_thumbnails&case_prog=/medpix/cow_image.html&pt_id=14187&topic_id=4124&imageid=58164&quiz=no#top West Nile Virus]—West Nile Encephalitis Brain Scans
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