Perbezaan antara semakan "Muhammad Ali dari Mesir"

tiada ringkasan suntingan
(Dicipta dengan menterjemah laman "Muhammad Ali of Egypt")
 
{{Infobox royalty|name=Muhammad Ali Pasha<br></table>Mehmet Ali Pasha<br/>Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa<br/>محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا<br/>محمد علي باشا|title=[[Wāli]] of [[EgyptMesir underzaman Muhammad Ali and his successors|EgyptMesir]], [[History of Sudan under Muhammad Ali and his successors|Sudan]], [[Ottoman Syria|Sham]], [[Hejaz]], [[Morea]], [[Thasos#Ottoman Era|Thasos]], [[History of Crete#Venetian and Ottoman Crete|Crete]]<br/>
[[File:Coat of arms of the Egyptian Kingdom 2.png|150px]]|image=ModernEgypt, Muhammad Ali by Auguste Couder, BAP 17996.jpg|caption=An 1840 portrait of Muhammad Ali Pasha byoleh [[Auguste Couder]]|reign=17 May 1805 – 2 March 1848|predecessor=[[Ahmad Khurshid Pasha]]|successor=[[Ibrahim Pasha ofdari Egypt|Ibrahim Pasha]]|birth_date=4 March 1769|birth_place=[[Kavala]], [[Macedonia (region)|MacedoniaMakedonia]], [[Rumeli eyalet]], [[OttomanEmpayar EmpireUthmaniyah]] (present-daykini di [[GreeceYunani]])|death_date={{death date and age|1849|8|2|1769|3|4|df=yes}}|death_place=[[Ras el-Tin Palace]], [[AlexandriaIskandariyah]], [[Egypt Eyalet]], [[OttomanEmpayar EmpireUthmaniyah]] (presentkini daydi [[EgyptMesir]])|place of burial=[[Mosque ofMasjid Muhammad Ali]], [[Cairo Citadel]], Egypt|spouse 2=Shams uz-Zafar|spouse 1=Emina of Nosratli|spouse 3=Nuraj|spouse 4=Shams-i-Nur|spouse 5=Zepha|spouse 6=Mah-Duran|spouse 7=Khadija Ziba|spouse 8=Mumtaz|spouse 9=Shama Nour|issue=Tevhida<br/>[[Ibrahim Pasha ofdari EgyptMesir|Ibrahim Pasha]]<br/>[[Tusun Pasha]]<br/>Isma'il<br/>Hatice (a.k.a. Nazli)<br/>[[Sa'id ofdari Egypt|Sa'id Pasha]]<br/>Hassan<br/>Ali Sadik Bey<br/>Muhammad Abdel Halim<br/>Muhammad Ali theyang YoungerMuda<br/>Fatma al-Ruhiya<br/>Zeinab|native_lang1=[[AlbanianBahasa language|AlbanianAlbania]]|native_lang1_name1=Mehmet Ali Pasha|native_lang2=[[ArabicBahasa language|ArabicArab]]|native_lang2_name1=محمد علي باشا|native_lang3=[[TurkishBahasa language|TurkishTurki]]|native_lang3_name1=Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa|native_lang4=[[OttomanBahasa TurkishTurki language|Ottoman TurkishUthmaniyah]]|native_lang4_name1=محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا|dynasty=[[Muhammad Ali Dynasty]]|father=Ibrahim Agha|mother=Zeinab|religion=[[Bektashi Order|Bektashi Islam]], [[Alevi|Alevi Islam]]}}'''Muhammad{{Efn|The spelling of Muhammad Ali's first name in both Arabic, and [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]] was consistent: محمد (Muhammad). This is the name by which he was known to his Egyptian subjects, and the name used uniformly in Egyptian, and Arab historical scholarship. However, given his original status as a commander in the [[Military of the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman military]], his first name is often rendered as Mehmed, which is the standard rendition of that name in [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]], or Mehmet in [[Albanian language|Albanian]] and [[Turkish language|Modern Turkish]]. Current English-language historical scholarship is divided as to which is preferable, with the majority opinion favoring the former. Typically, historians accentuating the Egyptian character of his rule opt for 'Muhammad', whilst those accentuating the Ottoman character opt for 'Mehmed' or 'Mehmet'. This distinction is an issue for those writing in the Latin alphabet, but not in Arabic.<ref name= Fahmy >{{Cite book | title = All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, his Army and the Making of Modern Egypt | author = Khalid Fahmy | publisher = Cambridge University Press | year = 1998 }}</ref>}} Ali Pasha al-Mas'yd ibn Agha''' ({{Lang-ota|محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا}}; {{Ar|محمد علي باشا}} / [[Perumian ALA-LC|ALA-LC]]: ''Muḥammad 'Alī Bāshā''; [[Bahasa Albania|albania]]: '''Mehmet Ali Pasha'''; [[Bahasa Turki|turki]]: '''Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa''';<ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=EHsAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA65&dq=mohamed+ali+ ''Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine'' January–June 1841] (indexed by [//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Books Google Books])</ref> 4 Mac 1769 – 2 agustus tahun 1849) adalah seorang [[komander]] [[Ketenteraan di Turki Uthmaniyyah|tentera Uthmaniyah]] berbangsa Albania yang dinaikkan pangkat menjadi [[Pasha]], kemudiannya menjadi Wāli, dan seterusnya mengisytiharkan dirinya sebagai Khadiwah Mesir dan Sudan.Beliau dianggap sebagai bapa Mesir modenatas langkah-langkah pembaharuan yang dilakukan ke atas negara tersebut dari segii ketenteraan, ekonomi dan budaya. [[Wangsa Muhammad Ali|Dinasti yang ditubuhkan baginda]] memerintah kawasan [[Mesir Hulu|Hulu]] dan [[Mesir Hilir|Hilir]] Mesir serta Sudan sehinggalah [[Rampasan kuasa Mesir 1952|Revolusi Mesir pada 1952]].
 
'''Muhammad{{Efn|The spelling of Muhammad Ali's first name in both Arabic, and [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]] was consistent: محمد (Muhammad). This is the name by which he was known to his Egyptian subjects, and the name used uniformly in Egyptian, and Arab historical scholarship. However, given his original status as a commander in the [[Military of the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman military]], his first name is often rendered as Mehmed, which is the standard rendition of that name in [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]], or Mehmet in [[Albanian language|Albanian]] and [[Turkish language|Modern Turkish]]. Current English-language historical scholarship is divided as to which is preferable, with the majority opinion favoring the former. Typically, historians accentuating the Egyptian character of his rule opt for 'Muhammad', whilst those accentuating the Ottoman character opt for 'Mehmed' or 'Mehmet'. This distinction is an issue for those writing in the Latin alphabet, but not in Arabic.<ref name= Fahmy >{{Cite book | title = All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, his Army and the Making of Modern Egypt | author = Khalid Fahmy | publisher = Cambridge University Press | year = 1998 }}</ref>}} Ali Pasha al-Mas'yd ibn Agha''' ({{Lang-ota|محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا}}; {{Ar|محمد علي باشا}} / [[Perumian ALA-LC|ALA-LC]]: ''Muḥammad 'Alī Bāshā''; [[Bahasa Albania|albania]]: '''Mehmet Ali Pasha'''; [[Bahasa Turki|turki]]: '''Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa''';<ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=EHsAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA65&dq=mohamed+ali+ ''Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine'' January–June 1841] (indexed by [//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Books Google Books])</ref> 4 Mac 1769 – 2 agustus tahun 1849) adalah seorang [[komander]] [[Ketenteraan di Turki Uthmaniyyah|tentera Uthmaniyah]] berbangsa Albania yang dinaikkan pangkat menjadi [[Pasha]], kemudiannya menjadi Wāli, dan seterusnya mengisytiharkan dirinya sebagai Khadiwah Mesir dan Sudan.Beliau dianggap sebagai bapa Mesir modenatas langkah-langkah pembaharuan yang dilakukan ke atas negara tersebut dari segii ketenteraan, ekonomi dan budaya. [[Wangsa Muhammad Ali|Dinasti yang ditubuhkan baginda]] memerintah kawasan [[Mesir Hulu|Hulu]] dan [[Mesir Hilir|Hilir]] Mesir serta Sudan sehinggalah [[Rampasan kuasa Mesir 1952|Revolusi Mesir pada 1952]].
 
== Nota ==