Perbezaan antara semakan "Muhammad Ali dari Mesir"

kemas
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{{Infobox royalty
{{Infobox royalty|name=Muhammad Ali Pasha<br>Mehmet Ali Pasha<br/>Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa<br/>محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا<br/>محمد علي باشا|title=[[Wāli]] [[Mesir zaman Muhammad Ali|Mesir]], [[Sudan]], [[Sham]], [[Hejaz]], [[Morea]], [[Thasos#Ottoman Era|Thasos]], [[Crete]]<br/>
[[File:Coat of arms of the Egyptian Kingdom 2.png|150px]]|image=ModernEgypt, Muhammad Ali by Auguste Couder, BAP 17996.jpg|caption=An 1840 portrait of Muhammad Ali Pasha oleh [[Auguste Couder]]|reign=17 May 1805 – 2 March 1848|predecessor=[[Ahmad Khurshid Pasha]]|successor=[[Ibrahim Pasha dari Egypt|Ibrahim Pasha]]|birth_date=4 March 1769|birth_place=[[Kavala]], [[Macedonia (region)|Makedonia]], [[Rumeli eyalet]], [[Empayar Uthmaniyah]] (kini di [[Yunani]])|death_date={{death date and age|1849|8|2|1769|3|4|df=yes}}|death_place=[[Ras el-Tin Palace]], [[Iskandariyah]], [[Egypt Eyalet]], [[Empayar Uthmaniyah]] (kini di [[Mesir]])|place of burial=[[Masjid Muhammad Ali]], [[Cairo Citadel]], Egypt|spouse 2=Shams uz-Zafar|spouse 1=Emina of Nosratli|spouse 3=Nuraj|spouse 4=Shams-i-Nur|spouse 5=Zepha|spouse 6=Mah-Duran|spouse 7=Khadija Ziba|spouse 8=Mumtaz|spouse 9=Shama Nour|issue=Tevhida<br/>[[Ibrahim Pasha dari Mesir|Ibrahim Pasha]]<br/>[[Tusun Pasha]]<br/>Isma'il<br/>Hatice (a.k.a. Nazli)<br/>[[Sa'id dari Egypt|Sa'id Pasha]]<br/>Hassan<br/>Ali Sadik Bey<br/>Muhammad Abdel Halim<br/>Muhammad Ali yang Muda<br/>Fatma al-Ruhiya<br/>Zeinab|native_lang1=[[Bahasa Albania]]|native_lang1_name1=Mehmet Ali Pasha|native_lang2=[[Bahasa Arab]]|native_lang2_name1=محمد علي باشا|native_lang3=[[Bahasa Turki]]|native_lang3_name1=Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa|native_lang4=[[Bahasa Turki Uthmaniyah]]|native_lang4_name1=محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا|dynasty=[[Muhammad Ali Dynasty]]|father=Ibrahim Agha|mother=Zeinab|religion=[[Bektashi Order|Bektashi Islam]], [[Alevi|Alevi Islam]]}}
|title=[[Wāli]] [[Mesir zaman Muhammad Ali|Mesir]], [[Sudan]], [[Sham]], [[Hejaz]], [[Morea]], [[Thasos#Era Uthmaniyyah|Thasos]], [[Crete]]<br/>
[[File:Coat of arms of the Egyptian Kingdom 2.png|150px]]
|image=ModernEgypt, Muhammad Ali by Auguste Couder, BAP 17996.jpg
|caption=Sebuah potret Muhammad Ali Pasha pada tahun 1840 karya oleh [[Auguste Couder]]
|reign=17 Mei 1805 – 2 Mac 1848
|predecessor=[[Ahmad Khurshid Pasha]]
|successor=[[Ibrahim Pasha dari Mesir|Ibrahim Pasha]]
|birth_date=4 Mac 1769
|birth_place=[[Kavala]], [[Macedonia (wilayah)|Makedonia]], [[Eyalet Rumeli]], [[Empayar Uthmaniyah]] (kini di [[Yunani]])
|death_date={{death date and age|1849|8|2|1769|3|4|df=yes}}
|death_place=[[Istana Ras el-Tin]], [[Iskandariyah]], [[Eyalet Mesir]], [[Empayar Uthmaniyah]] (kini di [[Mesir]])
|place of burial=[[Masjid Muhammad Ali]], [[Cairo Citadel]], Mesir
[[File:Coat of arms of the Egyptian Kingdom 2.png|150px]]|image=ModernEgypt, Muhammad Ali by Auguste Couder, BAP 17996.jpg|caption=An 1840 portrait of Muhammad Ali Pasha oleh [[Auguste Couder]]|reign=17 May 1805 – 2 March 1848|predecessor=[[Ahmad Khurshid Pasha]]|successor=[[Ibrahim Pasha dari Egypt|Ibrahim Pasha]]|birth_date=4 March 1769|birth_place=[[Kavala]], [[Macedonia (region)|Makedonia]], [[Rumeli eyalet]], [[Empayar Uthmaniyah]] (kini di [[Yunani]])|death_date={{death date and age|1849|8|2|1769|3|4|df=yes}}|death_place=[[Ras el-Tin Palace]], [[Iskandariyah]], [[Egypt Eyalet]], [[Empayar Uthmaniyah]] (kini di [[Mesir]])|place of burial=[[Masjid Muhammad Ali]], [[Cairo Citadel]], Egypt|spouse 2=Shams uz-Zafar|spouse 1=Emina ofdari Nosratli|spouse 3=Nuraj|spouse 4=Shams-i-Nur|spouse 5=Zepha|spouse 6=Mah-Duran|spouse 7=Khadija Ziba|spouse 8=Mumtaz|spouse 9=Shama Nour|issue=Tevhida<br/>[[Ibrahim Pasha dari Mesir|Ibrahim Pasha]]<br/>[[Tusun Pasha]]<br/>Isma'il<br/>Hatice (a.k.a. Nazli)<br/>[[Sa'id dari Egypt|Sa'id Pasha]]<br/>Hassan<br/>Ali Sadik Bey<br/>Muhammad Abdel Halim<br/>Muhammad Ali yang Muda<br/>Fatma al-Ruhiya<br/>Zeinab|native_lang1=[[Bahasa Albania]]|native_lang1_name1=Mehmet Ali Pasha|native_lang2=[[Bahasa Arab]]|native_lang2_name1=محمد علي باشا|native_lang3=[[Bahasa Turki]]|native_lang3_name1=Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa|native_lang4=[[Bahasa Turki Uthmaniyah]]|native_lang4_name1=محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا|dynasty=[[Dinasti Muhammad Ali Dynasty]]|father=Ibrahim Agha|mother=Zeinab|religion=[[Bektashi Order|Bektashi Islam]], [[Alevi|Alevi Islam]]}}
|father=Ibrahim Agha
|mother=Zeinab
|religion=[[Bektashi Order|Islam Bektashi]], [[Alevi|Islam Alevi]]}}
 
'''Muhammad{{Efn|The spelling of Muhammad Ali's first name in both Arabic, and [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]] was consistent: محمد (Muhammad). This is the name by which he was known to his Egyptian subjects, and the name used uniformly in Egyptian, and Arab historical scholarship. However, given his original status as a commander in the [[Military of the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman military]], his first name is often rendered as Mehmed, which is the standard rendition of that name in [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]], or Mehmet in [[Albanian language|Albanian]] and [[Turkish language|Modern Turkish]]. Current English-language historical scholarship is divided as to which is preferable, with the majority opinion favoring the former. Typically, historians accentuating the Egyptian character of his rule opt for 'Muhammad', whilst those accentuating the Ottoman character opt for 'Mehmed' or 'Mehmet'. This distinction is an issue for those writing in the Latin alphabet, but not in Arabic.<ref name= Fahmy >{{Cite book | title = All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, his Army and the Making of Modern Egypt | author = Khalid Fahmy | publisher = Cambridge University Press | year = 1998 }}</ref>}} Ali Pasha al-Mas'yd ibn Agha''' ({{Lang-ota|محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا}}; {{Ar|محمد علي باشا}} / [[Perumian ALA-LC|ALA-LC]]: ''Muḥammad 'Alī Bāshā''; [[Bahasa Albania|albania]]: '''Mehmet Ali Pasha'''; [[Bahasa Turki|turki]]: '''Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa''';<ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=EHsAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA65&dq=mohamed+ali+ ''Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine'' January–June 1841] (indexed by [//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Books Google Books])</ref> 4 Mac 1769 – 2 agustus tahunOgos 1849) adalah seorang [[komander]] [[Ketenteraan di Turki Uthmaniyyah|tentera Uthmaniyah]] berbangsa Albania yang dinaikkan pangkat menjadi [[Pasha]], kemudiannya menjadi Wāli, dan seterusnya mengisytiharkan dirinya sebagai Khadiwah Mesir dan Sudan. Beliau dianggap sebagai bapa Mesir modenatasmoden atas langkah-langkah pembaharuan yang dilakukan ke atas negara tersebut dari segiisegi ketenteraan, ekonomi dan budaya. [[Wangsa Muhammad Ali|Dinasti yang ditubuhkandiasaskan bagindaoleh beliau]] memerintah kawasan [[Mesir Hulu|Huluhulu]] dan [[Mesir Hilir|Hilirhilir]] Mesir serta Sudan sehinggalah [[Rampasan kuasa Mesir 1952|Revolusi Mesir pada 1952]].
 
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