Perbezaan antara semakan "Van"

72 bait dibuang ,  1 tahun lalu
The term ''van'' may also refer to a '''[[minivan]]'''. However, minivans are usually distinguished by their smaller size and traditionally [[front wheel drive]] powertrain, although many now are being equipped with [[four wheel drive]]. Minivans typically offer seven or eight passenger [[seating capacity]] (similar to the smallest full-sized vans), and better fuel economy than full-sized vans, at the expense of power, cargo space, and towing capacity. In addition, many new minivans have dual side sliding doors.
 
==ExamplesContoh==
Awalan pada Vans Amerika merupakan Sedan penghantaran pada tahun 1930-an hingga lewat 1950-an. Generasi pertama van Amerika adalah van kompak tahun 1960-an, yang memiliki bentuk seumpama Volkswagen Bus. Kemasukan asas Corvair bahkan meniru reka bentuk enjin yang dipasang di belakang dan sejukan udara. Econoline generasi pertama Ford Falcon mempunyai hadapan rata, dengan enjin dipasang di antara dan di belakang kerusi depan. Dodge A100 mempunyai susun atur yang serupa dan boleh menampung enjin V8. Chevrolet juga bertukar kepada susun atur ini. Ford, Dodge dan van Corvair juga dihasilkan sebagai trak pikap.
The precursor to American Vans would be the [[Sedan delivery|Sedan deliveries]] of the 1930s to late-1950s. The first generation of American vans were the 1960s [[compact van]]s, which were patterned in size after the [[Volkswagen Type 2|Volkswagen Bus]]. The [[Chevrolet Greenbrier|Corvair]]-based entry even imitated the rear-mounted, air-cooled engine design. The [[Ford Falcon (North America)|Ford Falcon]]-based [[Ford E-Series#First generation (1961–1967)|first-generation Econoline]] had a flat nose, with the engine mounted between and behind the front seats. The [[Dodge A100]] had a similar layout and could accommodate a [[V8 engine]]. Chevrolet also switched to this layout. The Ford, Dodge and Corvair vans were also produced as pickup trucks.
 
Van saiz ''standard'' atau ''saiz penuh'' muncul dengan inovasi Ford untuk memindahkan enjin ke hadapan di bawah hud pendek dan menggunakan komponen dan lampu belakang trak pikap. Sarung kokpit enjin sering dipanggil ''rumah anjing''. Lama kelamaan, ia berkembang dengan bahagian hadapan lebih panjang dan bentuk belakang yang lebih selari. Dodge Sportsman boleh didapati dengan sambungan ke bahagian belakang model jarak jauhnya untuk menghasilkan van 15 penumpang. Kenderaan ini telah dijual sebagai model kargo dan penumpang kepada orang awam, serta versi chassis van potong untuk pengeluar tahap kedua untuk membuat van kotak, ambulans, berkemah, dan kenderaan lain. Pengeluar peringkat kedua juga mengubah suai badan pengilang asal untuk membuat van bina khusus bagi orang awam.
The ''standard'' or ''full size'' vans appeared with Ford's innovation of moving the engine forward under a short hood and using pickup truck components and taillights. The engine cockpit housing is often called a ''dog house''. Over time, they evolved longer noses and sleeker shapes. The [[Dodge Sportsman]] was available with an extension to the rear of its long wheelbase model to create a 15-passenger van. Vehicles have been sold as both cargo and passenger models to the general public, as well as in [[cutaway van chassis]] versions for [[second stage manufacturer]]s to make box vans, ambulances, campers, and other vehicles. Second stage manufacturers also modify the original manufacturer's body to create custom vans for the general public.
 
Pada tahun 1970-an, lagu-lagu seperti " Chevy Van ", yang ditulis dan dipersembahkan oleh Sammy Johns, dan nama samaran seperti "sin bin" atau "skuasy berkaki" menjadi sebahagian daripada budaya ketika pemilik mengubahnya menjadi bilik tidur dan lounge rehat. Van diubah suai menjadi pasaran yang besar dengan kemudahan mewah pada tempat duduk kilang.
In the 1970s, songs like "[[Chevy Van (song)|Chevy Van]]", written and performed by [[Sammy Johns]], and nicknames like "sin bin" or "screw canoe" became part of the culture as owners transformed them into rolling bedrooms and lounges. Conversion vans became a large market with plusher accommodations than factory seats.
 
Dodge mengakhiri pengeluaran van saiz penuh mereka pada bulan Jun 2002 (sebagai model 2003), dan menggantikannya dengan Dodge Sprinter yang berasal dari Jerman, yang berdasarkan corak reka bentuk Eropah yang lebih ekonomi dan lebih cekap dengan 150 hp (110 kW) diesel turbo I5. Versi biasa Sprinter lebih tinggi daripada van lain yang tidak diubah (cukup tinggi untuk berdiri), dengan profil yang lebih miring (aerodinamik) di depan. Ia telah diterima pakai terutamanya untuk aplikasi rumah kelas motor ringan dan ringan Kelas-C van.
Dodge ended production of their full-size vans in June 2002 (as 2003 models), and replaced it with the German originated [[Dodge Sprinter]], which is based on a narrower, more fuel-efficient European design pattern with a {{convert|150|hp|abbr=on}} diesel turbo I5. Typical versions of the Sprinter are taller than other unmodified vans (tall enough to stand in), with a more slanted (aerodynamic) profile in front. They have been adopted primarily for delivery and lightweight Class-C van cab motor home applications.
 
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